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GS-5829 in Combination With Fulvestrant or Exemestane in Women With Advanced Estrogen Receptor Positive, HER2 Negative-Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02983604
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : December 6, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 24, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gilead Sciences

Brief Summary:

The primary objectives of the Phase 1b Dose Escalation part of this study are to characterize the safety and tolerability of GS-5829 in combination with exemestane or fulvestrant in women with advanced estrogen receptor positive Her2-negative (ER+/HER2-) breast cancer and to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) (if not already determined) or the recommended dose for the Phase 2 part of this study.

The primary objectives of the Randomized Phase 2 Dose Expansion portion of this study are to evaluate the efficacy of GS-5829 in combination with fulvestrant compared to fulvestrant alone in women with advanced ER+/HER2- breast cancer.

This study was terminated early and the Phase 2 portion of the study was not conducted.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Estrogen Receptor Positive HER2- Breast Cancer Drug: GS-5829 Drug: Exemestane Drug: Fulvestrant Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1b/2 Study of GS-5829 in Combination With Fulvestrant or Exemestane in Subjects With Advanced Estrogen Receptor Positive, HER2 Negative-Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : January 11, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 19, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : July 19, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GS-5829 + exemestane (Phase 1b)
Participants will be sequentially enrolled at progressively higher dose levels of GS-5829 in combination with exemestane and may continue with treatment until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, or death, whichever comes first.
Drug: GS-5829
Tablet(s) administered orally once daily

Drug: Exemestane
25 mg tablet administered orally once daily (or in accordance with locally approved labeling)
Other Name: Aromasin®

Experimental: GS-5829 + fulvestrant (Phase 1b)
Participants will be sequentially enrolled at progressively higher dose levels of GS-5829 in combination with fulvestrant and may continue with treatment until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, or death, whichever comes first.
Drug: GS-5829
Tablet(s) administered orally once daily

Drug: Fulvestrant

Administered every 28 days (± 3 days) intramuscularly in accordance with locally approved labeling

Participants initiating fulvestrant on Cycle 1 Day 1 and have not received any prior dose of fulvestrant will receive a single additional dose of fulvestrant on Cycle 1 Day 15.

Other Name: Faslodex®

Experimental: GS-5829 + fulvestrant (Phase 2)
Participants will receive GS-5829 (dose determined from Phase 1b) + fulvestrant until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, or death, whichever comes first.
Drug: GS-5829
Tablet(s) administered orally once daily

Drug: Fulvestrant

Administered every 28 days (± 3 days) intramuscularly in accordance with locally approved labeling

Participants initiating fulvestrant on Cycle 1 Day 1 and have not received any prior dose of fulvestrant will receive a single additional dose of fulvestrant on Cycle 1 Day 15.

Other Name: Faslodex®

Active Comparator: Fulvestrant (Phase 2)
Participants will receive fulvestrant alone until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, or death, whichever comes first.
Drug: Fulvestrant

Administered every 28 days (± 3 days) intramuscularly in accordance with locally approved labeling

Participants initiating fulvestrant on Cycle 1 Day 1 and have not received any prior dose of fulvestrant will receive a single additional dose of fulvestrant on Cycle 1 Day 15.

Other Name: Faslodex®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phase 1b Dose Escalation: Incidence of Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) Through Day 28 at Each Dose Level of GS-5829 [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
  2. Randomized Phase 2 Dose Expansion: Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Progression-Free Survival (PFS) is defined as the interval from date of randomization to the earlier of the first documented confirmed disease progression or death from any cause.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phase 1b Dose Escalation: Pharmacokinetic (PK) Parameter: Cmax of GS-5829 [ Time Frame: Predose and up to 24 hours postdose ]
    Cmax is defined as the maximum observed concentration of drug.

  2. Phase 1b Dose Escalation: PK Parameter: AUCtau of GS-5829 [ Time Frame: Predose and up to 24 hours postdose ]
    AUCtau is defined as concentration of drug over time (the area under the concentration verses time curve over the dosing interval).

  3. Randomized Phase 2 Dose Expansion: Overall Safety Profile as Assessed by the Percentage of Participants Experiencing Any Adverse Events (AEs), Grade 3 or 4 AEs, Treatment-Related AEs, or Abnormalities in Laboratory Tests or Electrocardiograms [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  4. Randomized Phase 2 Dose Expansion: Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Overall response rate (ORR) is defined as the proportion of participants who achieve complete response (CR) or partial response (PR), based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v. 1.1 study progression criteria.

  5. Randomized Phase 2 Dose Expansion: Clinical Benefit Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Clinical benefit rate (CBR) is defined as the proportion of participants who achieve CR, PR, or SD that lasts for > 24 weeks based on RECIST v. 1.1 study progression criteria.

  6. Randomized Phase 2 Dose Expansion: Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Overall survival is defined as the interval from date of randomization to date of death from any cause.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed breast cancer with evidence of metastatic or locally advanced disease not amenable to resection or radiation therapy with curative intent and who have progressed during treatment with at least one prior hormonal therapy

    • Phase 1b Dose Escalation - Individuals may have had unlimited prior hormonal therapy and a total of 2 prior chemotherapy regimens (adjuvant chemotherapy is considered 1 regimen). Individuals may have progressed on fulvestrant or exemestane.
    • Randomized Phase 2 Dose Expansion - Individuals may have disease progression during treatment or within 12 months of completion of endocrine therapy (tamoxifen, and/or AI) in the adjuvant setting, or disease progression during treatment with endocrine therapy (tamoxifen, AI or CDK4/6 inhibitor plus AI) for advanced/metastatic disease. Individuals may have had unlimited prior hormonal therapy, but must be naive to fulvestrant in the metastatic setting. A total of 2 prior chemotherapies are allowed, however, only one for metastatic disease is permitted.
  • Documentation of ER positive (≥ 1% positive stained cells by local standards) based on the most recent tumor biopsy, unless bone-only disease
  • Documented HER2-negative tumor based on local testing on most recent tumor biopsy (immunohistochemistry score 0/1+ or negative by in situ hybridization HER2/CP17 ratio < 2 or for single probe assessment HER2 copy number < 4)
  • Post-, pre- or peri-menopausal women considered to be in the post‑menopausal state as defined by one of the following:

    • Age ≥ 60 years
    • Age < 60 years and cessation of regular menses for at least 12 consecutive months in the absence of chemotherapy, tamoxifen, toremifene, or ovarian suppression and serum estradiol and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level within the post-menopausal range
    • Prior bilateral oophorectomy
    • Pre-/peri-menopausal women can be enrolled if amenable to be treated with the luteinizing-hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist, goserelin. Individuals must have commenced treatment with goserelin or an alternative LHRH agonist at least 4 weeks prior to first dose of study drug. If individuals have received an alternative LHRH agonist prior to study entry, they must switch to goserelin on or before Cycle 1 Day 1 (C1D1) for the duration of the study
  • Measurable disease defined per RECIST v. 1.1, or bone-only disease must have a lytic or mixed lytic blastic lesion that can be accurately assessed by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Individuals with bone-only disease and blastic-only metastases are not eligible
  • All acute toxic effects of any prior antitumor therapy resolved to Grade ≤ 1 before the start of study drug dosing (with the exception of alopecia [Grade 1 or 2 permitted] and neurotoxicity [Grade 1 or 2 permitted])
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of ≤ 1
  • Life expectancy of ≥ 3 months, in the opinion of the investigator
  • Adequate organ function defined as follows:

    • Hematologic: Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L; Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL; absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L (without platelet transfusion or any granulocytic growth factors within previous 7 days of the hematologic laboratory values obtained at screening visit)
    • Hepatic: aspartate transaminase (AST) / alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (if liver metastases are present, ≤ 5 x ULN); total or conjugated bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Renal: Serum Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 60 mL/min as calculated by the Cockroft-Gault method
  • Coagulation: International Normalized Ratio (INR) ≤ 1.2
  • Negative serum pregnancy test
  • Females of childbearing potential who engage in heterosexual intercourse must agree to use protocol specified method(s) of contraception as described in the study protocol
  • Females who are nursing must agree to discontinue nursing before the first dose of GS-5829
  • Able and willing to provide written informed consent to participate in the study

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • History or evidence of clinically significant disorder, condition, or disease that, in the opinion of the investigator or the Gilead medical monitor would pose a risk to individual safety or interfere with the study evaluations, procedures, or completion
  • Known brain metastasis or leptomeningeal disease
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, active uncontrolled infection, active or chronic bleeding event within 28 days prior to C1D1, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements as judged by treating physician
  • Myocardial infarction, symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Classification > Class II), unstable angina, or serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia within the last 6 months of C1D1
  • Major surgery, defined as any surgical procedure that involves general anesthesia and a significant incision (i.e., larger than what is required for placement of central venous access, percutaneous feeding tube) within 28 days of C1D1
  • Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of GS-5829, including any unresolved nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea that is Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade > 1
  • Minor surgical procedure(s) within 7 days of enrollment or randomization, or not yet recovered from prior surgery (placement of central venous access device, fine needle aspiration, or endoscopic biliary stent ≥ 1 day before enrollment or randomization is acceptable)
  • History of a concurrent or second malignancy, except for: adequately treated local basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin; cervical carcinoma in situ; superficial bladder cancer; adequately treated Stage 1 or 2 cancer currently in complete remission; any other cancer that has been in complete remission for ≥ 5 years
  • Anti-tumor therapy (chemotherapy, chemoradiation, radiation, molecular targeted therapy) within 21 days or 5 half-lives whichever is longer, of study drug dosing (6 weeks for nitrosoureas, mitomycin C, or molecular agents with t1/2 > 10 days); 5 half-lives of any investigational drug; concurrent use of goserelin for pre-/peri-menopausal breast cancer and exemestane or fulvestrant per the protocol are permitted
  • History of long QT syndrome or whose corrected QT interval (QTc) measured (Fridericia method) at screening is prolonged (> 470 ms). Individuals who screen fail due to this criterion are not eligible to be re-screened
  • Prior exposure to any bromodomain (BET) inhibitors
  • Known hypersensitivity to the study drugs (GS 5829, fulvestrant or exemestane), the metabolites, or formulation excipients
  • Immunotherapy within 6 months of C1D1
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or clinically significant bleeding, within 28 days of C1D1 or history of hemoptysis of > 2.5 mL/1 teaspoon within 6 months of C1D1
  • Anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy within 7 days of C1D1, including acetylsalicylic acid, low molecular weight heparin, or warfarin
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg) positive
  • Hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody positive with HCV RNA positive
  • Use of moderate/strong cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 inhibitors or moderate/strong CYP3A4 inducers within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug
  • History of high grade esophageal or gastric varices

Note: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02983604


Locations
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United States, California
Stanford Women's Cancer Center
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Massachusetts
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Minnesota
Allina Health, Virginia Piper Cancer Institute
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55407
United States, Tennessee
The Sarah Cannon Research Institute
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37203
United States, Texas
Baylor University Medical Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Washington
Medical Oncology Associates, PS (dba Summit Cancer Centers)
Spokane, Washington, United States, 99208
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
Investigators
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Study Director: Gilead Study Director Gilead Sciences

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Responsible Party: Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02983604     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GS-US-350-1937
2016-002365-63 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 6, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 24, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Gilead Sciences:
Exemestane
Aromasin
Fulvestrant
Faslodex
Breast Cancer,
HER 2-
Estrogen receptor positive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Estrogens
Fulvestrant
Exemestane
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action