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Effective Methods of Reducing Lower Back, Neck and Shoulder Pain Among Office Workers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02874950
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 22, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ardalan Shariat, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Brief Summary:

Background:Musculoskeletal discomforts (MSD), especially in the neck, lower back and shoulder areas, are some of the most common issues among office workers. The Social Security Organization (SOCSO) in Malaysia caps number of cases involving musculoskeletal injuries at a maximum of 10,000 per year.

Objectives: The primary aims of this research were to: 1. Measure the prevalence of MSD in a sample of office workers; 2. Test effective methods of reducing lower back, neck and shoulder pain in this sample by training exercise, or ergonomics modification, or both of them; and 3. Assess discomfort scores and the range of motion of the lower back, neck and shoulder muscles among the office workers after undertaking the different methods for a period of 6 months.

Methods: In a true experimental design, from 10,000 staff in Telecom Malaysia,onehundred and forty two office workers (of whom 50 were male), aged 20-50 y, were allocated randomly, from 3 different locations (Bangsar, Puchung, and Damansara), to one of three intervention groups (receiving training exercise, receiving modified ergonomics, receiving a combination of exercise and ergonomics modification) and a control group (receiving none of these interventions). The Cornell MSD Questionnaire was used to measure musculoskeletal discomforts, with focus on pain severity, before treatment and after 2, 4 and 6 months of the interventions. The range of motion (ROM) of the hip, neck, shoulder and knee were measured by a 12 inch goniometer, and the Borg CR10 scale was used to measure the perceived exertion of training exercises. The rapid office strain assessment (ROSA) questionnaire was used to assess the strain associated with office work. Height and weight were also measured to calculate the body mass index (BMI).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Musculoskeletal Pain Low Back Pain Other: office exercise training Other: ergonomic modification Other: Exercise and ergonomic Other: Control Phase 1

Detailed Description:
It is expected that, 6 months intervention including exercise training, ergonomic modification and mixture of these 2 intervention, maybe can decrease the severity of pain in lower back, neck and shoulder among office workers.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 142 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Effect of Exercise Training and Ergonomic Modification on Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Office Workers
Study Start Date : March 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Office exercise training
A package of exercise raining was defined by the researcher and one of the intervention group did it for 6 months.
Other: office exercise training
The exercise group, did 6 months office exercise training.

Experimental: Ergonomic modification
The ergonomic group, followed 6 months ergonomic modification.
Other: ergonomic modification
The ergonomic modification group, followed 6 months modified office ergonomic modification.

Experimental: Exercise and ergonomic
The mixture group, did 6 months exercise training and also followed 6 months ergonomic modification.
Other: Exercise and ergonomic
The mixture group, did 6 months exercise training and also followed 6 months modified office ergonomic modification.

Experimental: Control
Control group did not do any exercise and did not follow any ergonomic modification.
Other: Control
Control group did not do any exercise and did not follow any ergonomic modification.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measuring the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder By Cornell questionniare [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The Cornell MSD Questionnaire was used to measure musculoskeletal discomforts.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measure the effects of exercise training on decrease the musculoskeletal disorder by measuring the range of motion in neck, shoulder and lower back, and severity of pain will be measured by Cornell questionniare [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline musculoskeletal disorder at 6 months ]
    range of motion was measured by Goniometer.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Working in office

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any physical or mental disease any surgery in background any limitation by Dr
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Ardalan Shariat, Principal Investigator, Universiti Putra Malaysia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02874950    
Other Study ID Numbers: UPM/TNCPI/1.4.18.1(JKEUPM)/F2
First Posted: August 22, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2016
Last Verified: August 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: We have not decided about it yet.
Keywords provided by Ardalan Shariat, Universiti Putra Malaysia:
Exercise
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Musculoskeletal Pain
Low Back Pain
Back Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases