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Wonders & Worries: A Clinical Trial of a Psychosocial Intervention for Children Who Have a Parent With Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02758639
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 2, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 10, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Wonders & Worries
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Texas at Austin

Brief Summary:
Parental cancer can cause substantial behavioral and emotional distress in both parent and child. Parents struggle with talking with their child about their cancer and supporting the child during treatment. Over 73% of patients with children desire information and services to support their children yet only 9% of these families report receiving this support. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Wonders & Worries psychosocial intervention designed for children ages 5-14 who have a parent diagnosed with early stage cancer.This study is a randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT) evaluating the Wonders & Worries group and individual intervention for school age children (5 -14 years old) who have a parent with cancer. Families will be enrolled at the time of initial parent consultation, given informed consent, and then randomized either to the intervention group of 30 families or the wait-listed control group of 30 families. Both groups will be given a series of standardized validated assessment instruments including the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS), the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and the Family Communication Scale FACES IV at baseline, post intervention, and 8 week follow up. Upon completion of the follow up measures, families in the wait-listed control group will be enrolled into the intervention. Parent exit interviews for both groups will be used to measure parent-reported child outcomes and program utility.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer Psychological Adjustment Behavioral: Wonders & Worries Psychosocial Intervention Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Wonders & Worries psychosocial intervention designed for children ages 5-14 who have a parent diagnosed with early stage cancer. The Wonders & Worries program curriculum is a psychosocial intervention that was designed to address the communication and distress issues raised in prior descriptive research and to respond to the limitations of current research. The goals of the program are to improve children's behavioral-emotional adjustment to their parent's cancer, improve parenting behavior (parenting quality, skills and self-efficacy), and increase family communication about the illness. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the efficacy of the Wonders & Worries program on child and parent outcomes within a randomized clinical trial.

Wonders & Worries is an Austin based non-profit agency. Wonders & Worries works with families in all stages of survivorship, who are affected by any serious or chronic physical illness.

The fully scripted intervention involves 6 group or individual sessions for the children, each of which is briefly summarized, in Table 1. Families will be enrolled at the time of initial parent consultation at Wonders & Worries, given informed consent, and then randomized either to the intervention group of 30 families or the wait-listed control group of 30 families. Both groups will be given a series of standardized validated assessment instruments including the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS), the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), the Family Communication Scale FACES IV, and the AMMI-EC3- About My Mommy's Illness at baseline, post intervention, and 8 week follow up. Upon completion of the follow up measures, families in the wait-listed control group will be enrolled into the intervention. Parent exit interviews for both groups will be used to measure parent-reported child outcomes and program utility.

The intervention will be provided by Wonders & Worries certified child life specialists. Child life specialists are professionals trained to help children and their families understand and manage challenging life events and stressful health care experiences. By using play, recreation, education, self-expression and theories of child development, these specialists help promote the psychological well-being and optimum development of children and families faced with stressful situations. At Wonders & Worries all services are provided by master's prepared certified child life specialists.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Actual Study Start Date : September 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 19, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : August 19, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: W & W Intervention
Wonders & Worries Psychosocial intervention is a 6 week group or individual sessions for children who have a parent with cancer focusing on psycho-educational information about cancer, treatment and its side effects, feelings expression, positive coping strategies, and family communication about the illness.
Behavioral: Wonders & Worries Psychosocial Intervention
Session 1: Getting to Know Each Other The goal is to create a sense of safety within the group so that the children feel comfortable discussing difficult topics. Session 2: Cancer Education to provide developmentally appropriate education about the illness, treatment, and side effects. Session 3: Cancer Treatment Center Tour: This session consists of a treatment center tour and education about treatment plan involved in family's care in a safe environment. Session 4: Feelings: The focus of this session is expression and validation of all feelings the children may experience. Session 5: Stress and Coping: Goal is to emphasize the different ways individuals cope and differentiate positive vs. negative coping strategies. Session 6: Hopes for the Future/Closure: An emphasis is made on the idea that positive things may evolve from the most difficult circumstances.

Wait list control
Wait list group will complete baseline, 6 week and 8 week follow up measures and then will be enrolled to receive W & W intervention.
Behavioral: Wonders & Worries Psychosocial Intervention
Session 1: Getting to Know Each Other The goal is to create a sense of safety within the group so that the children feel comfortable discussing difficult topics. Session 2: Cancer Education to provide developmentally appropriate education about the illness, treatment, and side effects. Session 3: Cancer Treatment Center Tour: This session consists of a treatment center tour and education about treatment plan involved in family's care in a safe environment. Session 4: Feelings: The focus of this session is expression and validation of all feelings the children may experience. Session 5: Stress and Coping: Goal is to emphasize the different ways individuals cope and differentiate positive vs. negative coping strategies. Session 6: Hopes for the Future/Closure: An emphasis is made on the idea that positive things may evolve from the most difficult circumstances.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Child's Anxiety level (RCMAS) from baseline to 6 weeks and 8 week follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week, 8 week follow up ]
    Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale - child self report

  2. Change in Child's Emotional/Behavioral Status (CBCL) from baseline to 6 weeks and 8 week follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week, 8 week follow up ]
    Child Behavior Checklist - parent report

  3. Change in Family Communication Scale FACES IV from baseline to 6 weeks and 8 week follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week, 8 week follow up ]
    parent & child report

  4. Change in The Family Quality of Life Scale (FQOL) from baseline to 6 weeks and 8 week follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week, 8 week follow up ]
    parent & child report

  5. Change in Cancer Self-Efficacy Scale (CASE) from baseline to 6 weeks and 8 week follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week, 8 week follow up ]
    parent report of parenting self efficacy

  6. Change in Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) from baseline to 6 weeks and 8 week follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week, 8 week follow up ]
    parent self report of anxiety

  7. Change in Depression scale (CES-D) from baseline to 6 weeks and 8 week follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week, 8 week follow up ]
    parent self report of depression

  8. Change in Parenting Concerns Questionnaire (PCQ) for adults with cancer from baseline to 6 weeks and 8 week follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week, 8 week follow up ]
    parent self report

  9. Change in child's worries about their parent's illness from baseline to 6 weeks and 8 week follow up [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 week, 8 week follow up ]
    child self report of worries related to parent's illness AMMI-EC3- About My Mommy's Illness



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Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 14 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Families with children ages 5-14 at time of study. Children have a parent with early stage cancer, and are English-speaking.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children are not living in the home with the ill parent at least 50% of the time. Non-English speaking families.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02758639


Locations
United States, Texas
University of Texas at Austin
Austin, Texas, United States, 78712
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas at Austin
Wonders & Worries
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Farya Phillips, PhD University of Texas at Austin

Publications:
Responsible Party: University of Texas at Austin
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02758639     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201502573
First Posted: May 2, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 10, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by University of Texas at Austin:
parental cancer
children psychosocial adjustment
psychosocial intervention