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Combination Therapy With Pembrolizumab and sEphB4-HSA in Previously Treated Urothelial Carcinoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02717156
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 23, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Southern California

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein and pembrolizumab work in treating patients with urothelial (bladder) cancer that has spread from the primary site to other places in the body or has come back and does not respond to certain chemotherapy drugs. Combinations of biological substances in recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein may be able to carry tumor-killing substances directly to urothelial cancer cells. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Giving recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein and pembrolizumab together may be a better treatment for patients with urothelial cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage IV Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma Procedure: Computed Tomography Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Pembrolizumab Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography Biological: Recombinant EphB4-HSA Fusion Protein Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the feasibility of using pembrolizumab-recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein (sEphB4-HSA) combination in patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma.

II. To measure the overall survival (OS).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To measure the progression-free survival (PFS). II. To measure the objective response rate (ORR) by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To examine programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1), programmed cell death 1 ligand 2 (PD-L2) and EPH receptor B4 (EphB4) expression by tumor cells (TC) as well as immune cells (IC)- macrophages and T cells- in tumor tissue and correlate them with ORR, PFS and OS.

II. To examine the tumor tissue T cell frequency (counts), tumor tissue T cell clonality using T cell receptor (TCR) sequencing, and peripheral blood T cell clonality, pre-treatment and post-treatment and correlate these with ORR, PFS and OS.

III. To measure the phenotype of lymphocytes and myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC), in pre and post-treatment blood samples and correlate these with ORR, PFS and OS; an extra blood sample for future studies will also be collected and banked.

IV. To examine peripheral blood circulating tumor cells (CTCs) for enumeration and molecular analysis in pre and post-treatment blood samples, and correlate these with ORR, PFS and OS.

V. To collect and bank tumor tissue. VI. To examine the role of adding positron emission tomography (PET) to a contrast computed tomography (CT) for evaluation of response to treatment.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 6-12 weeks.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of sEphB4-HSA in Combination With Anti PD1 Antibody Pembrolizumab (MK-7435) for Metastatic Urothelial Cancer Refractory to Platinum
Actual Study Start Date : November 21, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 21, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 21, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (EphB4-HSA and pembrolizumab)
Patients receive recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein IV over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Procedure: Computed Tomography
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • CAT
  • CAT Scan
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Tomography
  • CT
  • CT SCAN
  • tomography

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • Medical Imaging, Positron Emission Tomography
  • PET
  • PET SCAN
  • Positron Emission Tomography Scan
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging

Biological: Recombinant EphB4-HSA Fusion Protein
Given IV
Other Name: sEphB4-HSA




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of toxicities and adverse events classified according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.03 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    All observed toxicities will be summarized in terms of type (organ affected or laboratory determination, severity, and time of onset. Tables will be created to summarize these toxicities and side effects, overall and by course. The proportion of patients who are eligible to begin the 3rd planned cycle will be calculated, using the number of eligible patients who began treatment as the denominator; 95% confidence intervals will be constructed.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. OR defined as complete response or partial response according to RECIST v 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The proportion of patients who experience an overall objective response (CR or PR will be calculated as the ratio of the number of eligible patients who experienced the response, divided by the total number of eligible patients who began treatment; 95% confidence intervals will be constructed.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
  • Advanced (metastatic or recurrent) pathologically proven urothelial carcinoma which is refractory to platinum based due to disease progression on a platinum containing regimen; patients progressing within 12 months of their last dose of platinum-based neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy will be considered platinum refractory
  • Have measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1
  • Be willing to provide tissue from a newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion; newly-obtained is defined as a specimen obtained for up to 6 weeks (42 days) prior to initiation of treatment on day 1; subjects for whom newly-obtained samples cannot be provided (e.g. inaccessible or subject safety concern) may submit an archived specimen only upon agreement from the Sponsor; an optional core biopsy will be requested from an accessible metastatic site after 2 cycles of treatment
  • Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (within 7 days of assessment)
  • Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 30mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN or direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN or =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
  • Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Recovered to grade 1 from the effects (excluding alopecia) of any prior therapy for their malignancies
  • Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
  • Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
  • Has a known history of active TB (bacillus tuberculosis)
  • Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients
  • Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (ie, =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (ie, =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent; Note: subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study; Note: if subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or early stage carcinoma of the cervix that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer; patients with incidental prostate cancer diagnosed at cystectomy or deemed appropriate for surveillance based on national guidelines will be allowed to enroll
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment; this exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
  • Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent, or sEsphB4-HSA
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
  • Has known active Hepatitis B (eg, hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or Hepatitis C (eg, hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Major systemic infection requiring antibiotics 72 hours or less prior to first dose of study drug
  • Has New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 3 or 4, myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, diabetes mellitus with ketoacidosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring hospitalization in the preceding 6 months; or any other intercurrent medical condition that contraindicates treatment with sEphB4HSA or pembrolizumab (MK-3475) or places the patient at undue risk for treatment related complications
  • Any other condition, including mental illness or substance abuse, deemed by the investigator to be likely to interfere with a patient's ability to sign informed consent, cooperate and participate in the study, or interferes with the interpretation of the results
  • Any active bleeding in the last =< 4 weeks or have an otherwise known bleeding diathesis
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy; Note: seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (eg, flu-mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02717156


Contacts
Contact: Cheryl Kefauver, RN 323-865-0459 Cheryl.Kefauver@med.usc.edu

Locations
United States, California
City of Hope Recruiting
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Contact: Valerie Mira    626-218-0171    vmira@coh.org   
Contact: Tina Moore    626-218-5282    timoore@coh.org   
Principal Investigator: Tanya Dorff, MD         
USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Contact: Sarmad Sadeghi    323-865-0553    sarmad.sadeghi@usc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Sarmad Sadeghi         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern California
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sarmad Sadeghi, MD University of Southern California

Responsible Party: University of Southern California
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02717156     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4B-15-11
NCI-2016-00147 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
4B-15-11 ( Other Identifier: USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA014089 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 23, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents