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Exploratory Trial to Estimate Proportion of Patients With Tumor Cell Contaminated Leukapheresis Products With and Without Bortezomib With In-vivo Purging - Multiple Myeloma (MM)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02703779
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Siddhartha Ganguly, University of Kansas Medical Center

Brief Summary:
Explore stem cell collection with or without bortezomib with in-vivo purging in multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: Bortezomib Drug: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) Drug: Mozobil Phase 2

Detailed Description:

High dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplant has resulted in improved overall survival and is currently considered an effective first line therapy applicable to the majority of patients with multiple myeloma. However disease relapse is inevitable and remains the primary cause of mortality in this cohort.

The purpose of this study is to estimate the proportion of subjects with plasma cell contamination of harvested stem cell product in standard and treatment arms. The study will explore whether or not in-vivo purging of malignant tumor plasma cells will improve progression free survival (PFS) for patients.

The study will consist of two groups:

Group A: Standard of Care (SOC) stem cell collection without in-vivo purging with bortezomib. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and Mozobil used if needed.

Group B: Bortezomib 1.3mg/m^2 will be given subcutaneously (SQ) on days -11 and -8 followed by Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on days -4 through -1 prior to stem cell harvest (day 0).


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Exploratory Trial to Estimate the Proportion of Patients With Tumor Cell Contaminated, Flow Positive Leukapheresis Products Collected With and Without Bortezomib as In-vivo Purging Prior to Autologous Stem Cell Harvest for Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : March 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Stem cell collection without in-vivo purging with Bortezomib

Standard of Care Stem cell collection without in-vivo purging with Bortezomib. Standard of Care drugs Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) +/- Mozobil (the latter if needed).

NOTE: Multiparametric Flow Cytometry to be performed on samples for BOTH groups A and B

Drug: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) will be given to all participants by injection under the skin 4 days and 1 day before stem cell collection, and then continued until the stem cell collection is completed.
Other Names:
  • NEUPOGEN
  • filgrastim
  • filgrastim-sndz
  • Zarxio

Drug: Mozobil
Mozobil will be given to all participants by injection under the skin only if needed per Investigator.
Other Name: plerixafor

Experimental: Stem cell collection with in-vivo purging with Bortezomib

Bortezomib will be given subcutaneously (SQ) at 1.3 mg/m2 on day -11 and day -8 followed by Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) given SQ on day -4 thru day -1 and continued until the collection is completed. Mozobil will be given if needed.

There must be at least 72 hours between each dose of bortezomib. NOTE: Multiparametric Flow Cytometry to be performed on samples for BOTH groups A and B

Drug: Bortezomib
Bortezomib will be given to Group B participants by injection under the skin 11 days and 8 days before stem cell collection.
Other Name: VELCADE

Drug: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) will be given to all participants by injection under the skin 4 days and 1 day before stem cell collection, and then continued until the stem cell collection is completed.
Other Names:
  • NEUPOGEN
  • filgrastim
  • filgrastim-sndz
  • Zarxio

Drug: Mozobil
Mozobil will be given to all participants by injection under the skin only if needed per Investigator.
Other Name: plerixafor




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Multiparametric Flow Cytometry - Minimum Residual Disease [ Time Frame: Day 0 for all subjects (Day 0 is the day of stem cell collection) ]
    Estimate the proportion of subjects with plasma cell contamination (defined as >0.01% and at least 100 cellular events) of harvested stem cell product by multi parametric flow cytometry (MFC) from patients with myeloma undergoing autologous stem cell collection 1) by standard of care mobilization using Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) with or without Mozobil and 2) after two doses of bortezomib as in vivo purging plus standard of care using G-CSF with or without Mozobil.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Multiparametric Flow Cytometry - Cluster of Differentiation 34 (CD34)assessment [ Time Frame: Within the first 30 days after stem cell collection ]
    Estimate the proportion of subjects who have a successful collection of stem cells (> 2 million Cluster of Differentiation 34 (CD34) cells/Kg of body weight) for autologous transplant in both treatment groups.

  2. Cluster of Differentiation 34 (CD34) enumeration [ Time Frame: Within the first 30 days after stem cell collection ]
    Estimate the percentage of Cluster of Differentiation 34 (CD34) positive cells in circulating peripheral blood as a measure of mobilization on the days of collection.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must meet all of the inclusion criteria to participate in this study.
  • Ability to understand, and the willingness to sign a written Informed Consent Form
  • Diagnosis of multiple myeloma undergoing planned autologous stem cell transplantation
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) 70 or above, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0, 1 or 2
  • Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes ≥ 3,000/micro Liter (mcL)
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mcL
    • platelets ≥ 100,000/mcL
    • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits NOTE: For this study, subjects with bilirubin levels > 1.5 Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) are excluded from enrollment in this study.
    • Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) ( Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase [SGOT]) ≤ 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) (Serum Pyruvic Glutamic Transaminase [SPGT]) ≤ 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • creatinine within normal institutional limits
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men with partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 30 days following completion of therapy. Should a woman or partner become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician and the investigator immediately.
  • A woman of child-bearing potential is any female (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:

    • Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
    • Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects meeting any of the exclusion criteria at baseline will be excluded from study participation.
  • Current or anticipated use of other investigational agents. NOTE the following clarification for this study: Prohibited Concurrent Therapy:

Participation in clinical trials with other investigational agents that are not included in this trial, within 14 days of the start of this trial until 2 weeks after participant has received the last dose of bortezomib for mobilization.

  • Hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron or mannitol or Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)
  • Subject has received > 6 months of lenalidomide (Revlimid®) therapy prior to stem cell collection
  • Subject has known brain metastases. Presence of brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of poor prognosis and because patients often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.
  • Grade 3 or higher peripheral neuropathy
  • Bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
  • Uncontrolled inter-current illness including, but not limited to

    • ongoing or active infection
    • symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • unstable angina pectoris
    • cardiac arrhythmia
    • psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant or nursing: There is a potential for congenital abnormalities and for this regimen to harm nursing infants.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02703779


Contacts
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Contact: Kerry Hepler ctnursenav@kumc.edu

Locations
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United States, Kansas
The University of Kansas Medical Center Recruiting
Westwood, Kansas, United States, 66205
Contact: Kerry Hepler, PhD       ctnursenav@kumc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Siddhartha Ganguly, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Joseph McGuirck, DO         
Sub-Investigator: Anurag Singh, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Leyla Shune, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Tara Lin, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Siddhartha Ganguly
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Siddhartha Ganguly, MD The University of Kansas - Cancer Center

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Siddhartha Ganguly, Medical Doctor, University of Kansas Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02703779     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2015-IIT-BMT-MM-AutoSCT
First Posted: March 9, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 2, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by Siddhartha Ganguly, University of Kansas Medical Center:
Multiple Myeloma
Bortezomib
Autologous
Stem Cell
Purging
In-vivo purging
Ex-vivo purging
Leukapheresis
Contaminated
Stem Cell Harvest
Stem Cell Transplant
Transplantation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Bortezomib
Lenograstim
Sargramostim
Plerixafor octahydrochloride
Antineoplastic Agents
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents