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Management of Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With Oligometastases (PCS IX)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02685397
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 18, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 18, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Tamim Niazi, Sir Mortimer B. Davis - Jewish General Hospital

Brief Summary:
This adaptive phase II/III randomized trial is designed to demonstrate that eradication of oligometastases by SBRT is a promising and emerging way to delay disease progression and postpone second line systemic therapies in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients. Only CRPC patients with an oligometastatic recurrence will be eligible to take part in this trial. All participating patients will receive either the standard of care (i.e. LHRH agonist in combination with the new generation of hormonal therapy [Enzalutamide]) or the experimental treatment (i.e. LHRH agonist in combination with the new generation of HT [Enzalutamide] plus the additional SBRT treatment). The patients will undergo different evaluations before treatment, such as imaging to confirm oligometastatic recurrence and blood tests. Patients will be stratified according to the location of metastasis (visceral [with or without bone metastases] vs. bone metastases alone) and PSA doubling time (≤ 3 vs. > 3 months). As per the standard of care, patients will have PSA testing performed every 6-12 weeks and re-imaging at 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months or at PSA progression, whichever occurs first.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer Patients With Oligometastases Drug: Leuprolide Acetate Drug: Goserelin Acetate Drug: Triptorelin Drug: Enzalutamide Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common type of cancer to affect men and, unfortunately, for the majority of PCa patients, death is attributed to metastatic disease. Lifelong androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with LHRH agonists can help delay cancer progression in metastatic PCa patients. However, patients eventually become castration-resistant (disease progression despite ADT) and develop progressive metastatic disease. This in turn impacts the patient's quality of life and survival. Recently, a new generation of hormonal therapy (such as Enzalutamide) has become available to these castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients. We believe that the benefits from this new generation of hormonal therapy can be prolonged in CRPC patients who develop oligometastases by treating the metastatic lesions using stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). This new radiation technique allows for the treatment of many different metastases throughout the body in a very precise manner. This metastases-directed therapy is a new treatment option for patients with a limited number of metastases (less than 5) at the time of recurrence.

This adaptive phase II/III randomized trial is designed to demonstrate that eradication of oligometastases by the new technique SBRT is a promising and emerging way to delay disease progression and to postpone second line systemic therapies. Only patients with an oligometastatic recurrence after local treatment with curative intent will be eligible to take part in this trial. All participating CRPC patients with oligometastases will receive either the standard of care (i.e. LHRH agonist in combination with the new generation of hormonal therapy [Enzalutamide]) or the experimental treatment (i.e. LHRH agonist in combination with the new generation of HT [Enzalutamide] plus the additional SBRT treatment). The patients will undergo different evaluations before treatment, such as imaging to confirm oligometastatic recurrence and blood tests. Patients will be stratified according to the location of metastasis (visceral [with or without bone metastases] vs. bone metastases alone) and PSA doubling time (≤ 3 vs. > 3 months). As per the standard of care, patients will have PSA testing performed every 6-12 weeks and re-imaging at 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months or at PSA progression, whichever occurs first.

The primary objective of this study will be to evaluate the radiographic progression-free survival. We also want to determine the time to the start of second line systemic therapy, the prostate-cancer specific survival, the overall survival as well as to assess the quality of life, the toxicity and the PSA response. This study is the first randomized study in this setting and will employ a randomized phase II design to determine if a larger scale phase III trial is needed, thus the phase II/III design. The Phase II will consist of 130 CRPC patients with oligometastases, and the phase III will consist of the already randomized 130 patients plus an estimated 244 patients for a total sample size of 374 patients. This study will be conducted through the Genitourinary Radiation Oncology Group of Quebec (GROUQ) in different radiation oncology centres across Canada and the recruitment should be completed within 30 months of activation.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 130 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Role of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy in the Management of Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With Oligometastases: An Adaptive Phase II/III Randomized Trial.
Actual Study Start Date : October 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2041

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: LHRH agonist + Enzalutamide
Subjects will receive LHRH agonist in combination with the new generation of hormonal therapy (enzalutamide, 40mg)
Drug: Leuprolide Acetate
Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist administered by subcutaneous injection. Only one of the LHRH agonists described here will be administered during the course of treatment.
Other Names:
  • Eligard
  • Lupron

Drug: Goserelin Acetate
Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist administered by subcutaneous injection. Only one of the LHRH agonists described here will be administered during the course of treatment.
Other Name: ZOLADEX

Drug: Triptorelin
Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist administered by subcutaneous injection. Only one of the LHRH agonists described here will be administered during the course of treatment.
Other Name: Trelstar

Drug: Enzalutamide
Anti-androgen medication for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. 160 mg (four 40 mg capsules) taken as a single oral daily dose, with or without food, until disease progression.
Other Name: Xtandi

Experimental: LHRH agonist + Enzalutamide + SBRT
Subjects will receive LHRH agonist in combination with the new generation of hormone therapy (enzalutamide, 40mg) plus the additional SBRT treatment
Drug: Leuprolide Acetate
Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist administered by subcutaneous injection. Only one of the LHRH agonists described here will be administered during the course of treatment.
Other Names:
  • Eligard
  • Lupron

Drug: Goserelin Acetate
Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist administered by subcutaneous injection. Only one of the LHRH agonists described here will be administered during the course of treatment.
Other Name: ZOLADEX

Drug: Triptorelin
Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist administered by subcutaneous injection. Only one of the LHRH agonists described here will be administered during the course of treatment.
Other Name: Trelstar

Drug: Enzalutamide
Anti-androgen medication for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. 160 mg (four 40 mg capsules) taken as a single oral daily dose, with or without food, until disease progression.
Other Name: Xtandi

Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a treatment modality in radiation oncology that delivers a very high dose of radiation to the tumour target with high precision using a single or a small number of fractions.
Other Name: SBRT




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Radiographic Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Time from randomization until disease progression confirmed by radiographic imaging or the start of new antineoplastic therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Evaluate the impact of the treatment on the patient's quality of life using the FACT-P questionnaire

  2. Quality of Life - Fatigue [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Evaluate the impact of the treatment on the patient's quality of life using the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) questionnaire

  3. Quality of Life - Pain [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Evaluate the impact of the treatment on the patient's quality of life using the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) questionnaire

  4. Toxicity [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To determine acute and late toxicity due to radiotherapy, scored using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.3

  5. Prostate Cancer Specific Survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Time from randomization until death due to prostate cancer.

  6. Time to Skeletal-related Event [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Time from randomization until the occurrence of a skeletal related event (SRE).

  7. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Time from randomization until death from any cause.

  8. Local Control [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To evaluate the impact of SBRT on oligometastases progression by radiographic imaging or the start of new antineoplastic therapy.

  9. Time to Systemic Antineoplastic Therapy [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Time from randomization to the administration of subsequent antineoplastic systemic therapy

  10. PSA response [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To evaluate PSA or the onset of biochemical failure

  11. Predictive Value of Biomarkers [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To evaluate the predictive value of the biomarkers in radiographic progression-free survival by analyzing for the presence or absence of biomarkers and evaluating for possible correlation with radiographic progression-free survival.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18 or older and willing and able to provide informed consent;
  2. Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without neuroendocrine differentiation or small cell features;
  3. Ongoing androgen deprivation therapy with a Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue or bilateral orchiectomy (i.e., surgical or medical castration);
  4. Patients who have not had a bilateral orchiectomy must have a plan to maintain effective GnRH analogue therapy for the duration of the trial;
  5. Serum testosterone level ≤ 1.7 nmol/L (50 ng/dL) at the Screening visit;
  6. Patients receiving bisphosphonate therapy/Xgeva must have been on stable doses for at least 4 weeks;
  7. Progressive disease at study entry defined as one or more of the following three criteria that occurred while the patient was on androgen deprivation therapy as defined in eligibility criterion #3:

    1. PSA progression defined by a minimum of two rising PSA levels with an interval of ≥ 1 week between each determination. Patients who received an anti-androgen must have progression after withdrawal (≥ 4 weeks since last flutamide or ≥ 6 weeks since last bicalutamide or nilutamide). The PSA value at the Screening visit should be ≥ 2 μg/L (2 ng/mL);
    2. Metastatic disease documented by bone lesions on bone scan or by measurable soft tissue disease by CT/MRI. Patients whose disease spread is limited to regional pelvic lymph nodes, and previously radiated, are not eligible;

    i. Up to 5 metastatic sites ii. ≤ 4 tumours within any given organ system, excluding brain and liver (e.g. up to 4 bone metastases, or 4 lung metastases) iii. All sites of disease must be amenable to SBRT with no history of the metastases being irradiated; iv. In the case of a suspicious lesion in an unusual location such as lung or thoracic lymph nodes (without other abdominal lymph nodes), a biopsy should confirm prostate cancer origin.

  8. No prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for prostate cancer;
  9. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 or Karnofsky performance status of > 70% or higher;
  10. Patients and their female partners of childbearing potential must be willing to use two forms of contraception (one of which must include a condom as a barrier method of contraception during sexual activity) throughout the duration of the study starting at screening and continuing for 3 months after the last dose of study drug or per local guidelines where these require additional description of birth control methods. These contraceptive methods must include the following:

    1. The use of condoms (barrier method)

      AND one of the following:

    2. the use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception by a female partner;
    3. placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) by a female partner;
    4. additional barrier method, such as occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault cap) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository by a female partner;
    5. tube ligation in the female partner;
    6. vasectomy or other procedure resulting in infertility (eg. bilateral orchiectomy) for ≥ 6 months.

    If the patient's partner is a pregnant woman, the patient must use a condom during sexual activity during and for 3 months after treatment with enzalutamide.

  11. Patients must agree to not donate sperm while taking study drug
  12. Estimated life expectancy of ≥ 6 months;
  13. Ability to swallow the study drug whole and comply with study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Severe concurrent disease, infection, or co-morbidity that, in the judgment of the Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment;
  2. Known or suspected brain metastasis or active leptomeningeal disease;
  3. History of another malignancy within the previous 5 years other than curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer;
  4. Absolute neutrophil count < 1,500/μL, platelet count < 100,000/μL, or hemoglobin < 5.6 mmol/L (9 g/dL) at the Screening visit (NOTE: patients may not have received any growth factors within 7 days or blood transfusions within 28 days of the hematologic laboratory values obtained at the Screening visit);
  5. Total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2.5 times the upper limit of normal at the Screening visit;
  6. Creatinine > 177 μmol/L (2 mg/dL) at the Screening visit;
  7. Albumin < 30 g/L (3.0 g/dL) at the Screening visit;
  8. History of seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure (e.g., prior cortical stroke or significant brain trauma). Also, history of loss of consciousness or transient ischemic attack within 12 months of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  9. Clinically significant cardiovascular disease including:

    1. Myocardial infarction within 6 months;
    2. Uncontrolled angina within 3 months;
    3. Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 3 or 4, or patients with history of congestive heart failure NYHA class 3 or 4 in the past, unless a screening echocardiogram or multi-gated acquisition scan performed within three months results in a left ventricular ejection fraction that is ≥ 45%;
    4. History of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (e.g., ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, torsades de pointes);
    5. History of Mobitz II second degree or third degree heart block without a permanent pacemaker in place;
    6. Hypotension as indicated by systolic blood pressure < 86 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) at the Screening visit;
    7. Bradycardia as indicated by a heart rate of < 50 beats per minute on the Screening ECG;
    8. Uncontrolled hypertension as indicated by systolic blood pressure > 170 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 105 mmHg at the Screening visit.
  10. Gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption (e.g., gastrectomy, active peptic ulcer disease within last 3 months);
  11. Major surgery within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 Visit);
  12. Use of opiate analgesics (eg. morphine, fentanyl, etc.) for pain from prostate cancer within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit). This does not apply to non-morphine drugs like codeine;
  13. Radiation therapy for treatment of the primary tumour within 3 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  14. Radiation or radionuclide therapy for treatment of metastasis;
  15. Primary disease not treated
  16. More than 5 metastases
  17. Hormone naïve prostate cancer patients
  18. Treatment with flutamide within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  19. Treatment with bicalutamide or nilutamide within 6 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  20. Treatment with 5-α reductase inhibitors (finasteride, dutasteride), estrogens, cytproterone within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit)
  21. Treatment with systemic biologic therapy for prostate cancer (other than approved bone targeted agents and GnRH-analogue therapy) or other agents with anti-tumour activity within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  22. History of prostate cancer progression on ketoconazole;
  23. Prior use, or participation in a clinical trial, of an investigational agent that blocks androgen synthesis (e.g., abiraterone acetate, TAK-700, TAK-683, TAK-448) or targets the androgen receptor (e.g., BMS 641988);
  24. Participation in a previous clinical trial of enzalutamide;
  25. Use of an investigational agent within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  26. Use of herbal products that may have hormonal anti-prostate cancer activity and/or are known to decrease PSA levels (e.g., saw palmetto) or systemic corticosteroids greater than the equivalent of 10 mg of prednisone per day within four weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  27. Any condition or reason that, in the opinion of the Investigator, interferes with the ability of the patient to participate in the trial, which places the patient at undue risk, or complicates the interpretation of safety data.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02685397


Contacts
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Contact: Tarika Liyanage, M.Sc 514-340-8222 ext 24785 tarika.liyanage.ccomtl@ssss.gouv.qc.ca

Locations
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Canada, British Columbia
BC CANCER Vancouver Recruiting
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 4E6
Contact: Isabel Serrano       isabel.serranomartinez@bccancer.bc.ca   
Principal Investigator: Scott Tyldesley, MD         
Canada, Manitoba
CancerCare Manitoba Recruiting
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3E 0V9
Contact: Sandra Yap       syap@cancercare.mb.ca   
Principal Investigator: Rashmi Koul, MD         
Canada, Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia Cancer Centre Recruiting
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, B3H 1V7
Contact: Kendra Dill       Kendra.Dill@nshealth.ca   
Principal Investigator: Nikhilesh Patil, MD         
Canada, Ontario
Juravinski Cancer Centre Recruiting
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8V 5C2
Contact: Lindsay Maharaj       maharajli@hhsc.ca   
Principal Investigator: Theodoros Tsakiridis, MD         
London Regional Cancer Program - London Health Sciences Centre Recruiting
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 5W9
Contact: Laura Bailey       LauraD.Bailey@lhsc.on.ca   
Principal Investigator: Michael Lock, MD         
Canada, Quebec
Hopital Charles-Lemoyne Recruiting
Longueuil, Quebec, Canada, J4V2H1
Contact: Genevieve Bujold       genevieve.bujold.cssscclm16@ssss.gouv.qc.ca   
Principal Investigator: George Wakil, MD         
Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM) - Hopital Notre Dame Recruiting
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2L 4M1
Contact: Diane Trudel       diane.dt.trudel.chum@ssss.gouv.qc.ca   
Principal Investigator: Guila Delouya, MD         
McGill University Health Center Recruiting
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H4A 3J1
Contact: Marianna Perna       marianna.perna@muhc.mcgill.ca   
Principal Investigator: Fabio Cury, MD         
Jewish General Hospital, McGill University Recruiting
Montréal, Quebec, Canada, H3T 1E2
Contact: Tarika Liyanage, M.Sc    514-340-8222 ext 24785    tarika.liyanage.ccomtl@ssss.gouv.qc.ca   
Principal Investigator: Tamim Niazi, MD         
CHU de Quebec-Universite Laval Recruiting
Québec, Quebec, Canada, G1R 2J6
Contact: Josée Allard       josee.allard@chudequebec.ca   
Principal Investigator: Isabelle Thibault, MD         
Centre Hospitalier régional de Trois-Rivières Recruiting
Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada, G8Z 3R9
Contact: Marie-Eve Caron       marie-eve_caron_chrtr@ssss.gouv.qc.ca   
Principal Investigator: Rafika Dahmane, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sir Mortimer B. Davis - Jewish General Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Tamim Niazi, MD Jewish General Hospital

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Responsible Party: Dr. Tamim Niazi, Principal Investigator, Sir Mortimer B. Davis - Jewish General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02685397     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PCS IX
First Posted: February 18, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 18, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Hormones
Prolactin Release-Inhibiting Factors
Leuprolide
Goserelin
Triptorelin Pamoate
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Fertility Agents, Female
Fertility Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Luteolytic Agents
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Contraceptive Agents