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Impact of FBB PET Amyloid Imaging in Change of Diagnosis in Patients With AD

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02681172
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 12, 2016
Results First Posted : November 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Piramal Imaging Limited

Brief Summary:

This phase 4 study will explore, in the context of the present French clinical practice, the impact of florbetaben 18F (FBB) in patients evaluated for AD who require a biomarker for etiologic determination of the cognitive and functional impairment, but in whom:

  1. lumbar puncture was not feasible for medical conditions
  2. results of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis were considered ambiguous by treating physicians
  3. lumbar puncture (LP) was refused by the patient

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) Drug: Neuraceq (florbetaben 18F) Procedure: PET Phase 4

Detailed Description:

It will be conducted in an outpatient setting at the tertiary memory clinics (CMRR) in France in patients with a preliminary diagnosis based on the completion of a prior, full diagnostic workup, not more than 12 months previously - which could include, but will not be limited to brain imaging if needed (magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)), neuropsychological evaluation including a Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), CSF examination and other examinations according to "Haute Autorité de santé" (HAS, National Authority of Health, France) Recommendations - and in whom:

  1. lumbar puncture was not feasible for medical conditions
  2. results of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis were considered ambiguous by treating physicians
  3. lumbar puncture (LP) was refused by the patient

For all subjects the study will comprise 3 outpatient clinic visits to record information on previous work ups and to perform the FBB Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan (Visit 1: screening/ baseline, Visit 2: PET scan, Visit 3: subject informed on the FBB PET scan result).

At Visit 1, the initial diagnosis based on previous work up will be collected and rated on a five-point Likert confidence scale by the Physician.

At Visit 2, the FBB PET scan will be performed. Adverse events will be reported during the exam and up to 7 days after the PET procedure.

At Visit 3, based on the amyloid PET scan results, change of diagnosis will be collected, in addition to physician confidence.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 218 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Multicenter Study to Explore the Impact of Florbetaben (FBB) in Change of Diagnosis in Patients Who Are Evaluated for AD and in Whom Lumbar Puncture is Contraindicated or CSF Results Are Ambiguous
Study Start Date : October 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2016


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Neuraceq (florbetaben 18F) PET scan

A single dose of 300 Megabecquerels (8.1 millicuries) Neuraceq will be administered per subject.

The applied florbetaben radioactive dose will be ± 20%.

Drug: Neuraceq (florbetaben 18F)
Florbetaben 18F is given as an i.v. injection followed by a flush of sodium chloride solution to ensure full delivery of the dose.
Other Name: FBB

Procedure: PET
A brain PET scan is usually taken 90 minutes after the i.v. injection of florbetaben 18F.
Other Name: Positron Emission Tomography




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With a Change of Diagnosis Comparing Pre- and Post-scan Outcomes [ Time Frame: Visit 1 (baseline evaluation) and Visit 3 (up to 6 months later) ]
    The Physician's diagnosis was assessed before and after FBB PET scan. The initial Physician's diagnosis was collected before the PET scan, at Visit 1, based on key diagnostic results of current or previous workup. After the PET scan, the final Physician's diagnosis was collected at Visit 3, based on the amyloid PET scan results.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Subjects With Improved Level of Physician Confidence in Diagnosis at Visit 3 [ Time Frame: Visit 1 (baseline evaluation) and Visit 3 (up to 6 months later) ]
    The Physician's diagnostic confidence was rated on a five-point Likert scale before and after FBB PET scan. Likert scales consisted of the categories: "very weak", "weak", "moderate", "high", and "very high".

  2. Number of Participants With a Change of Management Plan Comparing Pre- and Post-scan Outcomes [ Time Frame: Visit 1 (baseline evaluation) and Visit 3 (up to 3 months later) ]
    For all subjects, concomitant medications were reported and any change of the management plan (e.g. new medications initiated, medications withdrawn, additional diagnostic tests ordered, referred to another specialist) was noted.

  3. Number of Subjects With Positive FBB PET Scan [ Time Frame: Visit 3 (up to 6 months after baseline evaluation) ]
    PET image interpretation was performed locally in each centre by readers who had undergone training for appropriate interpretation of scans. Scans were interpreted as either "positive" or "negative" according to the approved visual assessment method.

  4. Number of Subjects With Negative FBB PET Scans [ Time Frame: Visit 3 (up to 6 months after baseline evaluation) ]
    PET image interpretation was performed locally in each centre by readers who had undergone training for appropriate interpretation of scans. Scans were interpreted as either "positive" or "negative" according to the approved visual assessment method.

  5. Number of Subjects With Contraindicated or Failed Lumbar Puncture [ Time Frame: Visit 1 (baseline evaluation) ]
    Number of subjects with contraindicated or failed LP (anticoagulant therapy, thrombocytopenia, lumbar puncture failed, spinal problems)

  6. Number of Subjects With Available CSF Analysis But Results Considered as Non-contributory by the Clinician [ Time Frame: Visit 1 (baseline evaluation) ]
    Non-contributory CSF results (ambiguous CSF result, CSF result inconsistent with clinical information, uninterpretable CSF result for technical reasons)

  7. Number of Subjects Who Refused Lumbar Puncture. [ Time Frame: Visit 1 (baseline evaluation) ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients being evaluated for Alzheimer disease and related dementias according to the HAS recommendations (atypical dementia, early onset and rapid progressive dementia)
  • Patients who have previously been evaluated for AD and related dementias to whom a CSF examination was recommended in the last 12 months, but lumbar puncture was contraindicated or refused or CSF results were ambiguous, or
  • Patients currently being evaluated for AD and related dementias to whom a CSF examination is recommended but lumbar puncture is contraindicated or refused
  • Patients have a study partner who is willing and able to accompany him/her to all clinic visits for the duration of the protocol
  • Patients able to complete all clinical visits according to the protocol
  • Patients able to tolerate a 20-minute FBB PET scan
  • Patient or legal representative to provide informed consent for study participation, visits and data source verification.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The subject had a previous beta amyloid imaging scan
  • Any significant systemic illness or unstable medical condition which could lead to difficulty complying with the protocol
  • Is currently receiving any investigational pharmaceutical product or has participated in a clinical trial with an investigational pharmaceutical product within 30 days prior to screening and/or was administered a radiopharmaceutical within 10 radioactive half-lives prior to study drug administration in this study
  • For females of childbearing age, a positive pregnancy test

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02681172


Locations
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France
Coordinating center (Hôpital de La Timone) and 18 associated centers in France
Marseille, France, 13385
Sponsors and Collaborators
Piramal Imaging Limited
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mathieu Ceccaldi, Prof. MD. Hôpital de La Timone, Marseille, France
Principal Investigator: Eric Guedj, Prof. Hôpital de la Timone, Marseille, France

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Piramal Imaging Limited
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02681172     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: FBB_01_02_2015
2015-002606-37 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 12, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 2, 2018
Last Update Posted: November 2, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Piramal Imaging Limited:
CSF
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and related dementia
HAS recommendations

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders