A Study to Determine the Feasibility and Acceptability of Conducting a Phase III Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy With Surgery in paTients With Peripheral Stage I nOn-small Cell Lung Cancer cOnsidered Higher Risk of Complications From Surgical Resection (SABRTOOTHv1)
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Stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is curable and surgery is considered the standard of care for fit, good performance status patients. However, a high proportion of patients with stage 1 NSCLC are elderly and/or have medical co-morbidities and are therefore at higher risk of surgical complications. The optimal treatment for these patients is unknown. SABR may be an equally appropriate treatment but this need to be formally assessed. Funded by the NIHR Research for Patient Benefit, SABRtooth is a UK multi-centre, two-group individually randomised controlled feasibility study of patients with peripheral stage I non-small cell lung cancer considered at higher risk from surgery. In total, 54 patients are planned to be recruited from 4 treatment sites and 2 referral sites. This study aims to determine the feasibility and acceptability of performing a largescale definitive randomised phase III trial comparing surgery with stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR). The qualitative substudy is an exploration of the reasons for nonparticipation in the SABRTooth trial. As the two treatments are very different, patients may have a strong preference for either surgery or SABR, or may feel uncomfortable to have a decision between such distinct options taken out of their hands. Understanding why patients choose not to participate or do not take up their treatment allocation will be crucial in demonstrating that recruiting to a larger scale phase III trial is feasible. We will explore what patients, who have declined particpation in the study or who intiailly consented but subsequently fail to take up their randomimsed treatment arm, understand, perceive and feel about, how the SABRTooth trial was presented to them and their expectations of study burden.
Condition or disease
Procedure: Treatment by Surgical resectionProcedure: Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SABR)
A Study to Determine the Feasibility and Acceptability of Conducting a Phase III Randomised Controlled Trial Comparing Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SABR) With Surgery in paTients With Peripheral Stage I nOn-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) cOnsidered Higher Risk of Complications From Surgical Resection
Actual Study Start Date :
July 1, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date :
January 31, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date :
January 31, 2017
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Acheivment of a 'steady state' of recruitment. [ Time Frame: Rate of recruitment over months 7 to 21. ]
Recruitment rate/month over months 7-21 Recruitment rate/month over months 7-21 In order to demonstrate that recruitment targets for the main trial can be met within an adequate timeframe, the key objective of this feasibility study, a 'steady state' of recruitment must be observed. A formal monitoring of recruitment period will begin 6 months after the start of recruitment (allowing a run-in period for set-up), and an average of 3 patients per month must be recruited (randomised) over a consecutive 15 month period (a minimum of 45 patients) in order to demonstrate a 'steady state' of recruitment
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 100 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Primary tumour characteristics.
Peripherally located tumour as defined in the RTOG 0236 study and UK SABR Consortium guidelines. This states that the tumour must be more than 2cm in axial diameter from a major airway.
This includes the trachea, carina, right and left main bronchus and extends to the bifurcation of the right upper, right middle, right lower, left upper and left lower lobe bronchioles
No evidence of hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes involvement.
Any hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes that are either
PET positive or >1cm in axial dimension must be sampled by mediastinoscopy, endobronchial ultrasound or oesophageal endoscopic ultrasound and demonstrate negative cytology and/or pathology
Local lung cancer MDT consensus opinion that patient is considered suitable for either surgical resection or SABR treatment AND also to be at higher risk complications from surgical resection
Age ≥ 18
Female patients must satisfy the investigator that they are not pregnant (negative pregnancy test within 72hrs of surgery of day 1 surgery/SABR), or are not of childbearing potential
Able and willing to provide written informed consent
Previous radiotherapy within the planned treatment volume.
History of clinically significant diffuse interstitial lung disease
Any history of concurrent or previous invasive malignancy that in the opinion of the investigator could impact on trial outcomes
Clinical or radiological evidence of metastatic spread
History of psychiatric or addictive disorder or other medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude the patient from meeting the trial requirements
Previous systemic therapies, including targeted and experimental treatments, for their current lung cancer diagnosis