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Study of Pembrolizumab With REOLYSIN® and Chemotherapy in Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02620423
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 3, 2015
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Oncolytics Biotech

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this Phase 1b study is to investigate whether intravenous administration of REOLYSIN® in combination with chemotherapy and pembrolizumab is effective and safe in the treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Biological: REOLYSIN® Drug: Chemotherapy Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Irinotecan Drug: Leucovorin Drug: 5-fluorouracil Drug: Pembrolizumab Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Reovirus Serotype 3 - Dearing Strain (REOLYSIN®) is a naturally occurring, ubiquitous, non-enveloped human reovirus. It's primary mode of activity is to infect and selectively target tumors with activating Ras pathway mutations. Up to 70% of pancreatic cancers have activating Ras pathway mutations and/ or over-expressions.

This is an open label, Phase 1b study of REOLYSIN® and chemotherapy in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with advanced (unresectable or metastatic) histologically confirmed pancreatic adenocarcinoma that progressed after (or did not tolerate) first-line therapy. It is thought that Reovirus when combined with chemotherapy would lead to increased viral replication and oncolysis preferentially in RAS activated tumors, with resulting immunogenic response than can be further enhanced by checkpoint inhibition using pembrolizumab. The study is designed to characterize the efficacy and safety of REOLYSIN® given intravenously in combination with one of the three chemotherapy backbone regimens, Gemcitabine, Irinotecan or Leucovorin/ 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and pembrolizumab, the treatment cycle of which will be repeated every 3 weeks. It will follow a 3+3 design with no dose escalations. 3 patients will be initially enrolled. If no dose limiting toxicities (DLT) are observed, the cohort will be expanded. Provided patients do not develop intolerable toxicity (that does not respond to either supportive care or dose reduction) or clinically meaningful disease progression, treatment with additional cycles may be continued so long as patients experience clinical benefit in the judgement of the Investigator.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1b Study of Pembrolizumab (KEYTRUDA®) in Combination With REOLYSIN® (Pelareorep) and Chemotherapy in Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Study Start Date : December 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Intervention Details:
  • Biological: REOLYSIN®
    4.5x10E10 TCID50 1 hour intravenous infusion, administered on Day 1 and 2 of a 21-day cycle
    Other Name: Pelareorep
  • Drug: Chemotherapy
    Patients may be treated with one of three chemotherapy backbone regimens. The decision on the chemotherapy backbone is based on physician preference.This includes either: a) Gemcitabine or b) Irinotecan or c)Leucovorin followed by 5-fluorouracil
  • Drug: Gemcitabine
    1000 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 30 minutes on Day 1 of a 21-day cycle or
  • Drug: Irinotecan
    125 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 90 minutes on Day 1 of a 21-day cyle or
  • Drug: Leucovorin
    Leucovorin (LV) followed by 5-fluorouracil (5FU). LV 200 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 2 hours on Day 1, 5FU 200 mg/m2 intravenous infusion bolus over 5-10 minutes on Day 1, followed by 5FU 1200 mg/m2 continuous intravenous infusion over 22 hours on Day 1 of a 21-day cycle
  • Drug: 5-fluorouracil
    Leucovorin (LV) followed by 5-fluorouracil (5FU). LV 200 mg/m2 intravenous infusion over 2 hours on Day 1, 5FU 200 mg/m2 intravenous infusion bolus over 5-10 minutes on Day 1, followed by 5FU 1200 mg/m2 continuous intravenous infusion over 22 hours on Day 1 of a 21-day cycle
  • Drug: Pembrolizumab
    Pembrolizumab, 2 mg/kg intravenous infusion 30 minutes on Day 8 of a 21-day cycle
    Other Name: KEYTRUDA®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine the safety and DLTs of REOLYSIN® and chemotherapy (gemcitabine OR irinotecan OR 5FU) in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma who have progressed after (or did not tolerate) first line treatment [ Time Frame: During the first cycle of treatment (3 week cycle) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine the overall response rate (ORR), and progression-free survival (PFS) by immune-related response criteria, as well as overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Assessed every 9 weeks until disease progression or death. Post treatment scans every 3 months, if applicable. ]
  2. Determine the effects of REOLYSIN® and pembrolizumab when administered in combination as determined by analysis of pre- and post-treatment biopsies and blood based immune markers [ Time Frame: Biopsies (or available archival tumor tissue) performed before treatment begins and post treatment between Cycle 2 Day 15 and Cycle 3 Day 1. Immune marker analysis performed at start of treatment, Cycle 1 Day 1, Cycle 1 Day 8 and Cycle 2 Day 1 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria: Each patient MUST:

  • Have histologically confirmed advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma and have failed or did not tolerate first-line therapy.
  • Have either archival tissue available for immune testing OR if not, a baseline biopsy of a primary or metastatic lesion (including ascites) which is accessible for a biopsy that can be accomplished with reasonable safety.
  • Be available and agree to; a post-treatment tumor biopsy of either a primary or metastatic lesion (including ascites).
  • Have measurable disease.
  • Have no continuing acute toxic effects (except alopecia) of any prior anticancer treatment, i.e., all such effects must have resolved to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4.02 [2], Grade ≤1. Any major surgery (except biopsies) must have occurred at least 28 days prior to study enrolment.
  • Have an ECOG Performance Score ≤ 2.
  • Have baseline laboratory results as follows:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10E9 [SI units 10E9/L].
    • Platelets ≥ 100 x10E9 [SI units 10E9/L] (without platelet transfusion)
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN.
    • Creatinine clearance (measured over 24 hours) OR calculated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula) of ≥ 60 mL/min.
    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN.
    • AST/ALT ≤ 3 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN if patients have liver metastasis).
    • TSH, T4 and ACTH must be within normal range.
    • Proteinuria with normal or grade 1 OR Urinary protein < 1 g/24hr.
    • Negative pregnancy test for females of childbearing potential.
  • Have signed an informed consent indicating that the patient is aware of the neoplastic nature of their disease and have been informed of the procedures of the protocol, the experimental nature of the therapy, alternatives, potential benefits, side effects, risks, and discomforts.
  • Be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, the treatment plan, and laboratory tests.

Exclusion Criteria: Each patient MUST NOT:

  • Receive concurrent therapy with any other investigational anticancer agent while on study.
  • Be on immunosuppressive therapy or have known HIV infection or active hepatitis B or C.
  • Receive radiotherapy within 28 days prior to receiving study drug.
  • Be a pregnant or breast-feeding woman. Female patients of childbearing potential must agree to use effective contraception, must be surgically sterile, or must be postmenopausal. Male patients must agree to use effective contraception or be surgically sterile. Barrier methods are a recommended form of contraception.
  • Have clinically significant cardiac disease (New York Heart Association, Class III or IV) including pre-existing arrhythmia, uncontrolled angina pectoris, myocardial infarction 1 year prior to study entry, or grade 2 or higher compromised left ventricular ejection fraction.
  • Have dementia or altered mental status that would prohibit informed consent.
  • Have any other severe, acute, or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the Principal Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for this study.
  • Have HIGH BURDEN/SYMPTOMATIC brain metastases. LOW VOLUME / ASYMPTOMATIC and pre-treated clinically stable brain metastases ARE allowed.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02620423

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United States, Texas
Cancer Therapy & Research Center at UTHSCSA
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oncolytics Biotech
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Principal Investigator: Sukeshi Patel Arora, MD Cancer Therapy & Research Center at UTHSCSA
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Responsible Party: Oncolytics Biotech
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02620423    
Other Study ID Numbers: REO 024
First Posted: December 3, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Keywords provided by Oncolytics Biotech:
Oncolytic virus
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Protective Agents
Vitamin B Complex