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LCI-GU-URO-CRI-001: Crizotinib in Patients With c-MET or RON-Positive Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02612194
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study closed to accrual due to low accrual numbers.)
First Posted : November 23, 2015
Results First Posted : June 9, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 3, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Brief Summary:

This is a single arm two-stage phase II study with crizotinib (Xalkori®) in the treatment of subjects with metastatic urothelial cancer of the bladder, upper (ureter or renal pelvis) or lower (urethra) urinary tracts. The purpose of this study is to see if this experimental drug has a potential benefit in subjects with stage 4 urothelial cancer.

This study tests crizotinib used alone in subjects with urothelial cancer, previously treated with chemotherapy, and whose tumors have certain proteins. Proteins are complex natural substances essential to the structure and function of all living cells. These proteins, c-MET or RON, may trigger molecular pathways that are involved in the growth and spread of bladder or upper urinary tract cancer. Crizotinib is a drug taken by mouth that blocks these pathways. Early laboratory research suggests that crizotinib may benefit patients with urothelial and other cancers with these molecular pathways.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms Ureteral Neoplasms Urethral Neoplasms Drug: Crizotinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a single arm two-stage phase II study designed to evaluate the objective response rate in subjects with metastatic urothelial cancer demonstrating c-MET or RON overexpression who have received prior therapy with a cisplatin or carboplatin containing regimen.

Subjects will be recruited at Levine Cancer Institute (LCI) and other participating sites.

Immunohistochemistry will be utilized to define tumor sample c-MET and RON protein expression patterns for assignment into molecular cohorts as described in section 12.1.

In the first stage of this study, subjects will be enrolled in parallel to three molecularly defined cohorts as follows:

  1. c-MET high (>50%), RON null (0-9%) (n = 14 subjects)
  2. c-MET-positive (10-100%), RON-positive (10-100%) (n = 7 subjects)
  3. c-MET null (0-9%), RON-positive (10-100%) (n = 7 subjects)

All enrolled subjects will continue with study treatment until criteria for treatment discontinuation has been met.

If Stage 1 response criteria are met in a cohort, the cohort may be considered for expansion, and additional subjects (16 in Cohort 1 or 25 in Cohorts 2 or 3) may then be enrolled into that cohort in Stage 2. An expansion cohort will be defined by the Sponsor- Investigator following review of all available trial data which will be conducted after the first Stage 1 cohort has completed accrual and at least every six months thereafter until all Stage 1 cohorts have completed accrual.

If more than one cohort meets Stage 1 response criteria (2 responses out of 14 subjects for Cohort 1 or 1 response out of 7 subjects for each of Cohorts 2 and 3), then the cohort showing the highest response rate will be given highest consideration for expansion.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: LCI-GU-URO-CRI-001: A Phase II Study of Crizotinib in Patients With c-MET or RON-Positive Metastatic Urothelial Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : September 27, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 17, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : November 21, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Crizotinib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1
c-MET high (> 50%), RON null (0-9%)
Drug: Crizotinib
Crizotinib was administered orally at 250mg twice daily
Other Name: Xalkori

Experimental: Cohort 2
c-MET + (10-100%), RON + (10-100%)
Drug: Crizotinib
Crizotinib was administered orally at 250mg twice daily
Other Name: Xalkori

Experimental: Cohort 3
c-MET null (0-9%), RON + (10-100%)
Drug: Crizotinib
Crizotinib was administered orally at 250mg twice daily
Other Name: Xalkori

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response [ Time Frame: From enrollment to best response while on crizotinib; Subjects remained on treatment until disease progression or death or unacceptable toxicity (subjects were on treatment for an average of 6 weeks) ]
    Overall response will be determined as the best treatment response for each patient as a binary variable indicating whether or not the patient achieved a Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) as determined by RECIST v1.1 criteria. Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.1):Complete Response (CR) is the disappearance of all lesions (target and non target); Partial Response (PR) is at least 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions from baseline and no new lesions or unequivocal progression in non target lesions from baseline; Stable Disease (SD) is neither sufficient shrinkage in target lesions to qualify for PR (less than 30% decrease) nor sufficient increase in target lesions (versus smallest sum of diameters) to qualify for PD (less than 20% increase), with no new lesions or unequivocal progression in non target lesions from baseline. For the purposes of response determination, confirmatory scan for CR and PR is required.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From date of treatment start to date of death, or censored as described above; assessed for approximately 2 years. ]
    Overall survival was defined as the duration from enrollment date to the date of death from any cause. Subjects who were alive or lost to follow-up at the time of the analysis were censored at the last known date they were alive.

  2. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: From date of treatment start to date of progression or death, or censored as described above; assessed for approximately 2 years. ]
    PFS was defined as duration of time from enrollment to the study to time of progression or death. Disease progression (PD) can be objectively determined as per RECIST v1.1 (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, where PD is defined as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions) or progression can be subjective as determined by the investigator. Evidence for subjective progressions must be documented in medical records. For surviving subjects who do not have documented PD, PFS will be censored at last radiologic assessment. For subjects who receive subsequent anti-cancer therapy prior to documented PD, PFS will be censored at last radiologic assessment prior to commencement of subsequent therapy. Subjects who experience a PFS event following an interval equal to two or more scheduled assessments will be censored at date of last assessment prior to first missed assessment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects must meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Histologically confirmed stage IV urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, upper urinary tract or urethra.
  2. Prior treatment for metastatic disease with at least one cisplatin or carboplatin-based multi-agent chemotherapeutic regimen. Prior immunotherapy with anti-PD-L1 or anti-PD1 agents is allowed.

    o Chemotherapy received peri-operatively for non-metastatic bladder cancer will be considered a prior regimen if less than 24 months have elapsed since treatment.

  3. Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1. See Section 10 for the evaluation of measurable disease.
  4. Tissue Pre-screen: Archived tissue must have been obtained within 60 months of subject signing tissue pre-screen consent. Biopsy accessible disease if adequate archival tissue does not exist for molecular characterization.

    Treatment: Available tumor specimen C-MET/RON expression results that meet the criteria for one of the three molecularly defined cohorts per Section 4.2

  5. Age ≥ 18 years
  6. ECOG performance status ≤ 2
  7. Adequate liver function: AST and ALT ≤ 2x upper limit of normal, bilirubin ≤ 1.5x upper limit of normal
  8. Adequate bone marrow function: Platelets ≥ 100,000 cells/mm3, hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dL and ANC ≥ 1,500 cells/mm3
  9. Adequate renal function with a creatinine clearance (based on Cockgroft-Gault formula) ≥ 45 mL/min
  10. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  11. Able to swallow oral medication

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects must not meet any of the following criteria

  1. Currently receiving any other investigational agents, a prior c-MET inhibitor, or crizotinib
  2. Pregnant or breast feeding, because crizotinib can cause fetal harm
  3. Uncontrolled and current illness including, but no limited to:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia, or
    • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  4. Presence of any of the following within the previous 3 months of treatment consent:

    • Myocardial infarction
    • Severe/unstable angina
    • Coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft
    • Congestive heart failure, or
    • Cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemia attack
  5. History of active malignancy other than urothelial carcinoma within the prior 12 months of the date of treatment consent (except non-melanoma skin cancer or localized, treated prostate cancer)
  6. Prolonged QT interval (QTc > 480 msec), symptomatic bradycardia, ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of CTCAE version 4.0 grade 2 ≥ or uncontrolled atrial fibrillation of any grade
  7. Pulmonary disorder requiring supplemental oxygen or history of pulmonary fibrosis. Sleep apnea considered to be a sleep disorder (and not a pulmonary disorder) by the investigator will be allowed.
  8. Subjects receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A are ineligible. Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently updated list such as http://medicine.iupui.edu/clinpharm/ddis/table/aspx; medical reference texts such as the Physicians' Desk Reference may also provide this information. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the subject will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the subject is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product.

    • Medical condition requiring the use of strong CPY3A inhibitors, including but not limited to atazanavir, clarithromycin, indinavir, itraconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, suboxone, telithromycin, troleandomycin, and voriconazole.
    • Use of grapefruit or grapefruit juice, which are considered strong CYP3A inhibitors.
    • Medical condition requiring the use of strong CYP3A inducers, including but not limited to carbamazepine, efavirenz, modafinil, nevirapine, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, pioglitazone, rifabutin, rifampin, St. John's Wort, and troglitazone.
  9. Receiving any medications that are CYP3A substrates with a narrow therapeutic range (alfentanil, cyclosporine, dihydroergotamine, fentanyl, pimozide, quinidine, sirolimus and tacrolimus)
  10. Subjects may be screened for study participation though may not begin study treatment:

    • Within 4 weeks of major surgery
    • Within 2 weeks of prior systemic therapy
    • Within 2 weeks of prior non-palliative radiotherapy
    • Within 48 hours of completion of palliative radiotherapy (≤ 10 fractions)
    • Until recovery of adverse events due to prior therapies to ≤ 1 (except alopecia)
  11. Presence of untreated brain metastases or ≤ 6 months from prior treatment (from the time of enrollment), active neurologic symptoms or the use of prohibited medications in subjects with a history of brain metastases

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02612194

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United States, North Carolina
Levine Cancer Institute
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28204
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
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Principal Investigator: Earle Burgess, MD Atrium Health (formerly Carolinas HealthCare System)
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Wake Forest University Health Sciences:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] July 6, 2018

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Responsible Party: Wake Forest University Health Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02612194    
Other Study ID Numbers: LCI-GU-URO-CRI-001
First Posted: November 23, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 9, 2021
Last Update Posted: November 3, 2022
Last Verified: May 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Ureteral Neoplasms
Urethral Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Female Urogenital Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Urogenital Diseases
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Male Urogenital Diseases
Ureteral Diseases
Urethral Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action