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Paid Price Information on Image and Procedure Ordering Rates

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02611999
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 23, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Atrius Health
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alyna Chien, Boston Children’s Hospital

Brief Summary:
The investigators' study seeks to explore the impact of price information on physicians' ordering behavior and care quality. The investigators will evaluate the impact of the physician price transparency initiative at Atrius Health (ATRIUS) on rate of overall procedure and test orders, clinically inappropriate orders, and appropriate orders. Ultimately, this study will help stakeholders understand the degree to which price information can help improve the value of healthcare.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Behavioral: Single median price information Behavioral: Paired inside/outside price information Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The investigators' study team worked with Atrius Health (ATRIUS) to design a physician price transparency (PPT) intervention aimed at providing primary and specialty care physicians with price information on commonly-ordered outpatient procedures (e.g., Pap smears, ECHOs, colonoscopies) and imaging tests (e.g., CTs and MRIs). The 2014 PPT intervention was built upon a pilot that ATRIUS conducted in 2010. Starting January 1, 2014, ATRIUS randomized its physicians to 3 different study arms, those receiving:

  1. No price display for common outpatient procedures or imaging tests,
  2. A single price for each procedure or test, or
  3. A pair of prices for each procedure or test (that allowed physicians to compare prices that would be charged if the test was conducted at a facility within the ATRIUS network versus outside of it).

The mode for delivering this PPT intervention was ATRIUS' common electronic medical record (EMR), which all of its physicians use to place all orders related to outpatient procedures and imaging studies.

The investigators used a blocked randomized-controlled study design to quantitatively and qualitatively evaluate the effect of No, Single and Paired procedure and imaging test price information on: rate of overall procedure and test orders, clinically inappropriate orders, and appropriate orders.

The investigators used ATRIUS' administrative and EMR Data Repository to assess the quantitative outcomes proposed within this study. This repository contains the information the investigators need to block randomize at the practice level and to describe practices (e.g., size, location) and physicians (e.g., age, gender, specialty). It also captures all of the actions that physicians take when caring for patients (all orders are placed through their common EMR) and collects all of the information needed to assess clinical care quality using Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures. Data from this system have been used in numerous prior analyses of healthcare quality.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1205 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: The Effect of Paid Price Information on Image and Procedure Ordering Rates
Study Start Date : January 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control
Physicians in this Arm received only a paper memo with a list of common imaging tests and procedures.
Experimental: Single Price
Physicians in this Arm received a single median price in the electronic medical record at the time of ordering in addition to the paper memo.
Behavioral: Single median price information
Physicians in this Arm received a single median price in the electronic medical record at the time of ordering in addition to the paper memo.

Experimental: Paired Inside/Outside Prices
Physicians in this Arm received two prices (the inside and outside price) in the electronic medical record at the time of ordering in addition to the paper memo.
Behavioral: Paired inside/outside price information
Physicians in this Arm received two prices (the inside and outside price) in the electronic medical record at the time of ordering in addition to the paper memo.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall procedure and imaging test ordering rate [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  2. Choosing Wisely-based clinically inappropriate ordering rate [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  3. HEDIS-based clinically appropriate ordering rate [ Time Frame: 1 year ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

• Providers who can place orders in the EMR independently and who have worked at ATRIUS since 2013.

Exclusion Criteria:

• Providers who do not use the common electronic medical record system, cannot place orders in the electronic medical record independently (e.g., registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, registered dieticians), worked after hours Telecom, or were per diem.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02611999


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Boston Children's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston Children’s Hospital
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Atrius Health
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alyna T Chien, MD, MS Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Department of General Pediatrics, Division of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital

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Responsible Party: Alyna Chien, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Boston Children’s Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02611999     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P00011096
First Posted: November 23, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 31, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017
Keywords provided by Alyna Chien, Boston Children’s Hospital:
Physicians' ordering behavior with price information