Natural History and Genetics of Food Allergy and Related Conditions
- About 15 million Americans have a food allergy. Because there are no cures or effective prevention or treatment for food allergies, researchers want to learn more about them.
- To learn more about the causes and effects of food allergy and related conditions.
- People ages 2 99 who have food allergy and/or a related genetic or other condition
- Their relatives
- Healthy relatives and volunteers
- Participants will have at least 3 visits over 1 2 years, and then once a year for up to 12 years. Each may last a day or longer.
- Participants will be screened with medical history, physical exam, and questionnaires.
- Participants may have the following:
- Blood tests
- Allergy skin prick tests: Drops of allergens are placed on the back or arm. The skin is scratched under each drop.
- Leukapheresis: blood is taken from a needle in one arm, passed through a machine, and returned through a needle in the other arm.
- Esophageal string test: One end of a string is taped to the cheek and the other end is packed into a capsule. When the capsule is swallowed, the string unwinds; it is left in for at least 1 hour.
- EGD and colonoscopy: Biopsies are taken from the gastrointestinal system.
- Tiny biopsies of skin
- Photographs of the body
- Collection of cells through:
- Swab of nose, inside of cheek, or skin
- Gentle skin scrape
- Tape stripping: piece of tape is put on the skin and pulled off.
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Natural History and Genetics of Food Allergy and Related Conditions|
- Investigate the key genetic, cellular, immunologic, microbial, and biochemical pathways that lead to the development of food allergy [ Time Frame: 06/15/2025 ]
- Identify biomarkers that predict the clinical course and natural history of patients with food allergy [ Time Frame: 06/15/2025 ]
- The prevalence of eosinophilic GI disease in patients who might be considered to be at high risk for these conditions, including those patients with atopic dermatitis and/or multiple food sensitivities/allergies [ Time Frame: 06/15/2026 ]
- Identification of nutritional deficiencies and their effect on the growth and overall health of patients with food allergy and related conditions [ Time Frame: 06/15/2026 ]
- In vitro testing of novel therapies for food allergy using cells and other biological specimens obtained from patients with food allergy [ Time Frame: 06/15/2026 ]
|Study Start Date:||June 30, 2015|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 15, 2026|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 15, 2025 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
There are approximately 15 million Americans, including 6 million children, who have a potentially life-threatening food allergy. The prevalence of this disease has increased over the last three decades, in both the United States and other developed countries. There are no cures or effective prevention or treatment strategies for food allergy. Moreover, little is known about the factors that account for the rising prevalence and severity of these diseases in recent years. Both genetic and environmental factors likely contribute to the development of food allergy, but the complex interaction between these variables has frustrated efforts to elucidate pathogenesis and develop mechanism-targeted therapies. Children with food allergy are 2 to 4 times more likely to be diagnosed with asthma or other allergic conditions than children without food allergy, and food allergy may also be an important trigger for atopic dermatitis and eosinophilic esophagitis. The Laboratory of Allergic Diseases within the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has a longstanding interest in the genetics and pathogenesis of allergic inflammatory disorders, and with the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, it provides the ideal environment for the proposed translational studies. In this study, we will: (1) investigate the key genetic, cellular, immunologic, and biochemical pathways that lead to the development of food allergy, and (2) identify biomarkers that predict the clinical course and natural history of patients with food allergy.
Subjects eligible for enrollment in this study include children and adults with food allergy and patients with a known/suspected genetic or congenital disorder potentially associated with these phenotypes. Unaffected relatives (children and adults) of an enrolled subject and healthy volunteers (children and adults) will also be eligible for enrollment as controls. Most participants will be followed for 2 years, although participants with an identified genetic or congenital disorder and a subset of participants with food allergy may be followed until this study ends (up to 12 years).
Data obtained from analysis of blood, skin, saliva, stool, gastrointestinal biopsies, and other specimens will be used to explore the immunologic, biochemical, microbial, and genetic basis of food allergy. Results of research studies will be correlated with the scope and severity of their clinical phenotype, their response to treatment, and the natural history of their allergic disease(s).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02504853
|Contact: Hye Jeong C Bolan||(301) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike||Recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL) 800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Pamela A Guerrerio, M.D.||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|