LEE011 (Ribociclib) in Combination With Docetaxel Plus Prednisone in mCRPC
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02494921|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 10, 2015
Results First Posted : August 31, 2022
Last Update Posted : August 31, 2022
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This is a Phase Ib/II open label clinical trial in patients with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer. The objective of the phase Ib portion of the study is to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose limiting toxicities (DLT) of docetaxel (75 mg/m2 IV q21 days) and prednisone (5mg orally BID) in combination with ribociclib in escalating oral daily doses in patients with metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) with prior resistance to abiraterone and/or enzalutamide who have not undergone prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease. Up to three cohorts will be enrolled to determine the MTD and DLT profile of this combination during Phase 1b. Dose escalation will follow the standard 3+3 design. The dosing schedule is being chosen to allow patients to be exposed to the most efficacious dosing schedule of docetaxel (75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks). If there is excess toxicity observed with the treatment combination at the first dose level (dose level I), an alternative dosing schema may be pursued with weekly docetaxel treatment (35 mg/m2 weekly), which has demonstrated activity in mCRPC and decreased risk of cytopenias compared with every 3 week dosing schedule.
The Phase II portion (N = 29) of the study is a single arm, two stage, open-label study of ribociclib (dosed at the RP2D) in combination with docetaxel and prednisone to determine the efficacy and further define the safety of the treatment combination. Patients will be treated with the combination of ribociclib plus docetaxel + prednisone for up to 9 cycles. If there is no evidence of radiographic or clinical disease progression after 9 cycles of protocol therapy, patients may continue on single agent maintenance ribociclib until the time of disease progression. Patients will have the option of starting maintenance ribociclib after 6 cycles of docetaxel if stable disease or better on re-staging scans. The dose of ribociclib used during maintenance will be the same dose as that immediately preceding cessation of docetaxel treatment.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Prostate Cancer||Drug: Docetaxel-PNP Drug: Ribociclib Drug: Prednisone Drug: Filgrastim||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||43 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase 1b/2 Study of the Oral CDK4/6 Inhibitor LEE011 (Ribociclib) in Combination With Docetaxel Plus Prednisone in Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer|
|Actual Study Start Date :||November 20, 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 30, 2021|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 30, 2021|
Experimental: Treatment (Phase 1b)
The starting cohort dose level (1) for docetaxel will be 75 mg/m2, administered on day 1 of each cycle. Prednisone will be fixed at 5 mg twice a day. The starting dose level and schedule for ribociclib will begin at 200 mg orally once daily, starting on day 1 of the 21-day cycle. If dose level 1 is not tolerated, then alternative dosing schedules of docetaxel will be evaluated, starting with dose level 1A of 60mg/m2 docetaxel.
Other Name: Kisqali
Other Name: Prednisone Oral
Other Name: Neupogen
Experimental: Treatment (Phase 2)
Participants in Phase 2 will receive the Recommended Phase 2 Dose for docetaxel and ribociclib
Other Name: Kisqali
Other Name: Prednisone Oral
Other Name: Neupogen
- Maximally Tolerated Dose (MTD) (Phase 1b) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]Maximally tolerated dose (MTD) of ribociclib in combination with docetaxel and prednisone is based upon evaluation of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and adverse events for all participants who received treatment in Phase Ib. If 1 of 3 participants in a cohort experiences a DLT, then the cohort will be expanded to treat an additional 3 participants. If only 1 of 6 participants experiences a DLT, the next cohort of participants will be treated at the next higher dose level. If 2 or more participants in a cohort experience a DLT, then MTD has been exceeded and the previous dose level will be considered the MTD. If more than 1 of 6 patients experience a DLT at dose level IA then the study will be terminated, as the MTD cannot be determined and de-escalation from dose level IA is not planned. Per Investigator discretion the Recommended Phase 2 Dose (RP2D) schedule of ribociclib and docetaxel may be established in the absence of reaching MTD.
- RP2D of Docetaxel (Phase 1b) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]The RP2D of docetaxel will be reported when used in combination with ribociclib and prednisone based upon evaluation of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and adverse events for all participants in the Phase Ib group. Per Investigator discretion, the RP2D schedule of docetaxel and ribociclib may be established in the absence of reaching MTD, based on the cumulative safety data of the treatment regimen.
- Percentage of Participants With Radiographic Progression-free Survival at 6 Months (Phase 1b/2 RP2D) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]Radiographic progression-free survival will be assessed using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. The percent of participants has been estimated using the Kaplan-Meier product limit method. Duration will be measured from day 1 of study treatment to first date of radiographic progression or death, whichever occurs first, for all Phase 1b or Phase 2 participants receiving the RP2D. Participants who discontinue study therapy for toxicity, withdrawal from study, or prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-only progression, will be censored at the date of last radiographic tumor assessment for this analysis. Patients who discontinue therapy for evidence of clinical progression/clinical deterioration will be included in this analysis.
- Median Radiographic Progression-free Survival (Phase1b/2 RP2D) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]Radiographic progression-free survival will be assessed using RECIST version 1.1. Median duration will be Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier product limit method. Duration will be measured from day 1 of study treatment to first date of radiographic progression or death, whichever occurs sooner for participants in Phase 1b and Phase 2 who receive the RP2D. Participants who discontinue study therapy for toxicity, withdrawal from study, or prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-only progression, will be censored at the date of last radiographic tumor assessment for this analysis. Participants who discontinue therapy for evidence of clinical progression/clinical deterioration will be included in this analysis.
- Objective Response Rate (ORR) (Phase1b/2 RP2D) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]ORR will be assessed using RECIST version 1.1 criteria, and defined as participants who were determined to have demonstrated a complete response (CR) and/or partial response (PR). Participants must have measurable disease at baseline with at least one restaging scan on treatment to be included in the analysis.
- Median Duration of Response (Phase1b/2 RP2D) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]For participants with both measurable disease at baseline and at least one restaging scan on treatment, duration of response will be defined as the time criteria are met for CR or PR until recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented.
- Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response Rate (Phase 1b/2 RP2D) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]PSA progression occurs when the PSA value has increased 25% or greater above nadir and an absolute increase of 2 ng/mL or more from the nadir is documented. Where no decline is observed, PSA progression similarly occurs when a 25% increase from baseline value along with an increase in absolute value of 2 ng/mL or more per the Prostate Cancer Working Group 2 (PCWG2) Criteria.
- Median PSA Progression-Free Survival (Phase 1b/2 RP2D) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]The PSA response duration commences on the date of the first 50% decline in PSA. The response duration ends when the PSA value increases by 25% above the nadir, provided that the increase in the absolute-value PSA level is at least 5 ng/mL or back to baseline, whichever is lower. The probability distribution of the median time to PSA progression will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier product limit method.
- Number of Participants With Treatment-Related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]The number of participants with reported adverse events related to the treatment regimen will be descriptively reported using the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03. Analyses will be performed for all patients having received at least one dose of study drug.
- Mean Area Under Curve (AUC) 0-24 Hour (Phase 1b) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose on day 1, and 1, 2, 4, and 24 hours post-dose ]The estimated AUC for serum concentration of ribociclib for a 24 hour interval after dose will be reported using descriptive statistics for all participants in Phase 1b who received at least one dose of study treatment and completed a serum blood draw.
- Mean Maximum Serum Concentration of Ribociclib (Cmax) (Phase 1b) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose on day 1, and 1, 2, 4, and 24 hours post-dose ]The maximum concentration (Cmax) is shown to reflect not only the rate but also the extent of absorption. The mean Cmax for serum concentration of ribociclib will be reported using descriptive statistics for all participants in Phase 1b who received at least one dose of study treatment and completed a serum blood draw.
- Estimated Steady-state Serum Concentration (Csteady-state) (Phase 1b) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]Steady-state serum concentration occurs when the amount of a drug being absorbed is the same amount that is being cleared from the body when the drug is given continuously. Steady-state concentration is the time during which the concentration of the drug in the body stays consistent. The estimated steady state for serum concentration of ribociclib will be reported using descriptive statistics for all participants in Phase 1b who received a steady dosing schedule of study treatment and completed a serum blood draw.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||Male|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Histologically confirmed prostate cancer. Small cell/neuroendocrine differentiated allowed but not required for study participation.
- Progressive metastatic prostate cancer (as defined below in Item #5) despite castrate levels of testosterone (< 50 ng/dL).
- Patients may have either non-measurable disease OR measurable disease
Progressive disease during (or within 4 weeks of completion) with abiraterone, enzalutamide, and/or ARN-509 based on any one of the following:
- For patients with measurable disease, progression by the RECIST criteria.
- PSA evidence for progressive prostate cancer consists of a PSA level of at least 2 ng/ml which has risen on at least 2 successive occasions, at least one week apart. If the confirmatory PSA (#3) value is less (i.e., #3b) than the screening PSA (#2) value, then an additional test for rising PSA (#4) will be required to document progression for the purposes of eligibility.
- Radionuclide bone scan: At least two new foci consistent with metastatic lesions
- Testosterone < 50 ng/dL. Patients must continue primary androgen deprivation with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogue if they have not undergone orchiectomy.
- Patients treated with first generation anti-androgen as most recent systemic therapy (bicalutamide, nilutamide) must have at least 4 weeks elapsed from treatment discontinuation to start of protocol therapy with evidence of disease progression by Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group 2 (PCWG2) criteria following discontinuation of prior anti-androgen.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0 or 1.
- Patient has adequate bone marrow and organ function as defined by the following laboratory values:
- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 × 109/L.
- Platelets ≥ 100 × 109/L.
- Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dl.
- Potassium, total calcium (corrected for serum albumin) and magnesium within normal limits for the institution or corrected to within normal limits before first dose of study medication.
- International normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5 unless on direct thrombin inhibitor at time of study entry.
- Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5mg/dL or estimated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 ml/min
- In the absence of liver metastases, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN). If the patient has liver metastases, ALT and AST <5 x ULN
- Total bilirubin < ULN; or total bilirubin ≤3.0 x ULN or direct bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN in patients with well-documented Gilbert's Syndrome.
- No other systemic therapies for prostate cancer within 28 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter, prior to day 1 of study therapy.
- Sexually active males must use a condom during intercourse while taking the drug and for 30 days after stopping treatment and should not father a child in this period. A condom is required to be used also by vasectomized men in order to prevent delivery of the drug via seminal fluid. Fertile males must use a condom with spermicide (double barrier method).
- Age ≥ 18 years
- Written informed consent must be obtained prior to any screening procedures and according to local guidelines.
- Patient has a known hypersensitivity to ribociclib or any of its excipients, or prior treatment with cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor.
- Prior chemotherapy for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Chemotherapy administered in the castration-sensitive setting is allowed provided last dose of chemotherapy was greater than 6 months prior to study entry
- Patient has a concurrent malignancy or malignancy within 3 years of randomization, with the exception of adequately treated, basal cell skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma, non-melanomatous skin cancer or curatively resected cervical cancer.
- Patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement unless they meet all of the following criteria:
- At least 4 weeks from prior therapy completion (including radiation and/or surgery) to starting the study treatment
- Clinically stable CNS tumor at the time of screening and not receiving steroids and/or enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic medications for brain metastases.
- Baseline screening for CNS metastases is not required unless presence of signs and/or symptoms of involvement
- Patient is not able to swallow oral medication and/or has impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of the study drugs (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or significant small bowel resection).
- Clinically significant, uncontrolled heart disease and/or recent events including any of the following:
- History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary angioplasty or stenting) or symptomatic pericarditis within 12 months prior to screening
- History of documented congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional classification III-IV)
- Patient has a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% as determined by Multiple Gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO) obtained during Screening.
- History of any cardiac arrhythmias, e.g., ventricular, supraventricular, nodal arrhythmias, or conduction abnormality within 12 months of screening. Patients with rate-controlled atrial fibrillation or flutter are permitted.
- Bradycardia (heart rate < 50 bpm at rest), by ECG or pulse, at screening
- Congenital long QT syndrome or family history of long QT syndrome
- Any of the following abnormalities on screening 12-lead ECG:
- QT interval with Fridericia's correction (QTcF) > 450 msec
- Bradycardia (heart rate < 50 bpm at rest)
- Tachycardia (heart rate > 100 bpm at rest)
- P-R interval > 220msec,
- QRS interval >109 msec
- Documented cardiomyopathy
- Systolic blood pressure >160 mmHg or <90 mmHg at screening
- AST and/or ALT > 1.5 x ULN with concomitant alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 x ULN
- Patient receiving any of the following medications within 7 days of day 1 of study treatment.
- Known strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4/5, including grapefruit, grapefruit hybrids, pummelos, star-fruit, and Seville oranges
- That have a narrow therapeutic window and are predominantly metabolized through CYP3A4/5.
- That have a known risk to prolong the QT interval or induce Torsades de Pointes.
- Herbal preparations/medications
- Patient is currently receiving or has received systemic corticosteroids ≤2 weeks prior to starting study drug at a dose greater than the equivalent of 10 mg prednisone/day, or who have not fully recovered from the side effects of such treatment
- The following uses of corticosteroids are permitted: short duration (<5 days) of systemic corticosteroids; any duration of topical applications (e.g., for rash), inhaled sprays (e.g., for obstructive airways diseases), eye drops or local injections (e.g., intra-articular).
- Patient is currently receiving warfarin or other coumarin-derived anticoagulant for treatment, prophylaxis or otherwise. Therapy with heparin, direct thrombin inhibitors, low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) or fondaparinux is allowed.
- Participation in a prior investigational study within 30 days prior to enrollment or within 5 half-lives of the investigational product, whichever is longer
- Major surgery within 14 days prior to starting study drug or has not recovered from major side effects (tumor biopsy is not considered as major surgery).
- Patient who has received radiotherapy ≤4 weeks or limited field radiation for palliation ≤2 weeks prior to starting study drug, and who has not recovered to grade 1 or better from related side effects of such therapy (exceptions include alopecia), and/or in whom ≥25% of the bone marrow was irradiated.
- Patient has a known history of HIV infection (testing not required)
- Patient has not recovered from all toxicities related to prior anticancer therapies to NCI-CTCAE version 4.03 to less than or equal to Grade 1 (Exception to this criterion: patients with grade 1 taxane-induced neuropathy, any grade of alopecia, amenorrhea or other toxicities not considered a safety risk for the patient as per investigator's discretion, are allowed to enter the study).
- Patients with chronic liver disease with a Child-Pugh score B or C.
- Patients with serious intercurrent infections, or nonmalignant medical illnesses that are uncontrolled or whose control may be jeopardized by the complications of this therapy.
- Patients with severe psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements in the judgment of study investigator.
- History of bleeding diathesis. Patients receiving anti-coagulation must be able safely interrupt treatment for tumor biopsy (Phase 2 only)
- Patient has a history of non-compliance to medical regimen or inability to grant consent
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02494921
|United States, California|
|University of California, San Francisco|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94143|
|United States, Illinois|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611|
|University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637|
|United States, Michigan|
|University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109|
|United States, Minnesota|
|University of Minnesota Masonic Cancer Center|
|Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455|
|United States, Rhode Island|
|Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02912|
|Principal Investigator:||Rahul Aggarwal, MD||University of California, San Francisco|
Documents provided by Rahul Aggarwal, University of California, San Francisco:
|Responsible Party:||Rahul Aggarwal, Assistant Clinical Professor, University of California, San Francisco|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
NCI-2015-01797 ( Registry Identifier: Clinical Trials Reporting Program )
|First Posted:||July 10, 2015 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||August 31, 2022|
|Last Update Posted:||August 31, 2022|
|Last Verified:||August 2022|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
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