Working… Menu

Smartphone Application-Based Vital Sign Monitors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02482779
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 26, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John Alexander, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:

Health-related applications for smartphones represent a new and popular market for consumer oriented products. These applications are generally not considered medical devices and, as such, are not under the purview of the Federal Drug Administration. Some of these applications purport to measure vital signs, but do not have any published data to confirm accuracy of such measurements and their developers have not been willing to divulge the methods by which vital sign readings are produced.

Use of unvalidated application derived data may contribute to patient harm as patients may make healthcare decisions based on the results these applications provide. This study aims to assess the accuracy of several such applications by comparing their findings to those of clinical vital sign monitors commonly used in the perioperative setting.

Condition or disease
Signs and Symptoms

Detailed Description:

Recruitment of volunteers take place via announcement at the Anesthesiology Departmental Grand Rounds as well as by flyers posted in the UT Southwestern Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Management.

After verbal consent is obtained, each volunteer will be placed in the seated position. Upper-arm non-invasive blood pressure will be measured using WelchAllyn Propaq CS via a standard size cuff placed in the standard fashion between the elbow and shoulder. Pulse oximetry measurement will be obtained using the WelchAllyn Propaq CS via the 4th digit of the hand.

The smart phone applications are Instant Blood Pressure, Instant Blood Pressure Pro, Pulse Oximeter and Pulse Oximeter Pro and purchased by the principal investigator and downloaded via the iTunes App Store onto an iPhone 5S with iOS 7.1.2 owned by the principal investigator. The application-based measurements will be performed by the volunteer according to the instructions from the application to the user without explanation from the investigators.

Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (SBP), pulse (P) and peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) will be collected from 100 volunteers. Serial measurements will be taken in the following fashion: right upper extremity, smartphone application measurements, left upper extremity and repeat smartphone application measurements. Thus, for each volunteer each data point referenced above will be recorded six times: two times using standard equipment readings (one per extremity) and four times with application-based readings (two times per application).

The two applications to measure blood pressure (Instant Blood Pressure and Instant Blood Pressure Pro) both utilize the camera and flashlight on the iPhone. In addition, the Instant Blood Pressure application also utilizes the microphone and instructs the user to hold the iPhone against the chest in a specific fashion to complete its measurement. Both applications also request the user to input certain demographic data: Gender, Age, Height and Weight. In addition, one application (Instant Blood Pressure Pro) also instructs the user to input data on "Body Condition" and provides the following options: Poor, Below Average, Average, Above Average, Good, Excellent and Athlete. The application does not provide any direction on how one is to distinguish between these options. If these applications measure data based on some yet unexplained function using the iPhone's onboard technology, then changing the demographic data should not alter the result of the measurement. In the same way, a sphygmomanometer or pulse oximeter does not need to know one's gender, height, weight or age to accurately measure blood pressure or pulse.

The application based vital sign readings may change in concert with changes to demographic variables even though clinical vital sign monitors remain relatively consistent. To test this hypothesis, in a subgroup (n=20), serial measurements using both clinical vital sign and application based vital sign readings will be evaluated by changing demographic variables in the application based vital sign monitors.

For this subgroup the volunteer will perform serial measurements with the following changes in demographic data for each application: Correct data, Age + 10, Age + 20, Age - 10, Age - 20, Weight - 10%, Weight - 25%, Weight + 10% and Weight +25%. Additionally, for the Instant Blood Pressure Pro application additional readings will be taken changing the "Body Condition" demographic as follows: Poor, Average, Good and Athlete. For each measurement taken using the applications another will be taken using the clinical monitor, or thirteen total readings per volunteer.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 120 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Comparison of Smartphone Application-Based Vital Sign Monitors to Devices Used in Clinical Practice
Study Start Date : January 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Vital Signs

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Measurements of blood pressure within approximately 15 to 45 minutes. ]
    A series of blood pressure measurements with apps following standard monitor.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Measurements of blood pressure within approximately 15 to 45 minutes. ]
    A series of blood pressure measurements with apps before and after demographic information changes.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Volunteers from the UT Southwestern Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Management

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Volunteers from the UT Southwestern Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Management

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of Hypertension,
  • History of Cardiac Disease,
  • History of Peripheral Vascular Disease
  • History of Upper extremity amputation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02482779

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: John Alexander, MD UT Southwstern Medical Center

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: John Alexander, Medical Doctor, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Identifier: NCT02482779     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 082014-039
First Posted: June 26, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 22, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Signs and Symptoms