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Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Advanced Uveal Melanoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02359851
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 10, 2015
Last Update Posted : February 9, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with uveal melanoma that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage IIIA Uveal Melanoma Stage IIIB Uveal Melanoma Stage IIIC Uveal Melanoma Stage IV Uveal Melanoma Biological: Pembrolizumab Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate objective response rate (ORR) in patients with advanced uveal melanoma receiving pembrolizumab.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced uveal melanoma receiving pembrolizumab.

II. To evaluate safety, tolerability and adverse experience profile of pembrolizumab in uveal melanoma.

III. To evaluate overall survival (OS) in patients with advanced uveal melanoma receiving pembrolizumab.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate objective response rate (ORR; complete response + partial response) in patients with advanced uveal melanoma receiving pembrolizumab as stratified by programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression and guanine nucleotide-binding protein (GNA)Q/GNA11 mutation status.

II. To evaluate ORR in patients previously treated with ipilimumab or with mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitors.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 24 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 12 weeks.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 29 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter Phase II Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Patients With Advanced Uveal Melanoma
Study Start Date : May 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2019


Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (pembrolizumab)
Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 24 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR), defined as the percentage of patients achieving a confirmed complete or partial response, as defined by immune-related response criteria (irRC) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Of note, response rates by RECIST 1.1 criteria will also be assessed although irRC will be used for the primary endpoint. ORR will be stratified by PD-L1 expression and GNAQ/GNA11 mutation status. Differences in ORR between subgroups will be assessed by the Pearson chi-square test.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) as defined by RECIST 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: Time from the first dose of pembrolizumab to progression, assessed up to 3 years ]
    PFS will be summarized in the method of Kaplan and Meier. Median PFS and PFS at one year will be reported with 95% confidence intervals. PFS analysis based on investigator's assessment using irRC will also be carried out.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Interval between the first dose of pembrolizumab and death for any reason, assessed up to 3 years ]
    The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate the overall survival. The treatment difference in survival will be assessed by the stratified log-rank test. Median survival and its 95% confidence interval will be estimated and reported.

  3. Response duration [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    If sample size permits, response duration will be summarized descriptively using Kaplan-Meier medians and quartiles. Only the subset of patients who show a complete response or partial response will be included in this analysis.

  4. Number of Patients With Each Worst‐Grade Toxicity. Incidence of adverse events, using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after the last dose of trial treatment ]
    Count of patients according to the worst‐grade toxicity experienced by each, where worst‐grade toxicity is per NCI common toxicity criteria: grade 1, mild; grade 2, moderate; grade 3, severe; grade 4, life‐threatening; grade 5, death. This endpoint will be reported descriptively without formal statistical analysis.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Changes in GNAQ/GNA11 mutation status on each patient per institutional protocol [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2 years ]
    Differences in PFS and OS between subgroups will be assessed by the stratified logrank test. Differences in ORR between subgroups will be assessed by the Pearson chi-square test. No adjustments will be made for multiple comparisons.

  2. Change in PD-L1 expression status on archival or fresh tissue from all patients and correlate with ORR [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2 years ]
    Differences in PFS and OS between subgroups will be assessed by the stratified logrank test. Differences in ORR between subgroups will be assessed by the Pearson chi-square test. No adjustments will be made for multiple comparisons.

  3. Changes in molecular characteristics of uveal melanoma when treated with pembrolizumab [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2 years ]
    Each relevant clinical characteristic will be recorded by the use of tables and/or graphs. The number and percentage of patients treated, and the primary reason for discontinuation will be displayed. Demographic variables (such as age) and baseline characteristics will be summarized by descriptive statistics. Compliance with pembrolizumab administration will be measured by patients: 1) receiving unscheduled study agent infusions/injections; 2) missing an infusion/injection. Numbers and percentages of patients and infusion/injection visits with any deviation in these measures will be reported.


Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
  • Have measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
  • Have provided tissue from an archival tissue sample or newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion
  • Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN; creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN OR =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
  • Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or using an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
  • Has had a prior monoclonal antibody within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent

    • Note: subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study
    • Note: if subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment
  • Has an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents; subjects with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be an exception to this rule; subjects that require intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections would not be excluded from the study; subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjögren's syndrome will not be excluded from the study
  • Has evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, or anti-cluster of differentiation (CD)137; patients who received anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4) (ipilimumab, tremelimumab) will NOT be excluded and are eligible for inclusion
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
  • Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02359851


Locations
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Douglas Johnson Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Douglas Johnson, Principal Investigator, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02359851     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VICC MEL1486
NCI-2015-00020 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
P30CA068485 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 10, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 9, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Uveal Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Eye Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Eye Diseases
Uveal Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents