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Efficacy of Education With Balance Exercise in Improving Balance and Reducing the Fear of Falls in Elderly

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02333994
First Posted: January 8, 2015
Last Update Posted: January 8, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
DIVYA MIDHA, Maharishi Markendeswar University
  Purpose
The aim of the study was to evaluate the Efficacy of Education With Balance Exercise in Reducing Fear of Falls in Elderly Population . In the present study the educational program along with balance training was delivered to group A, (Experimental group) and only Balance training was delivered to group B, (Control group) for 6 weeks for 1 hr duration once weekly. Education program included education about the risk factors of falls such as environmental hazards, importance of good nutrition, use of stick while walking, avoiding slippery surfaces. Balance training consists of stance activities and balance exercise program. The outcome measures for this intervention were Activities specific balance confidence scale and berg balance scale.

Condition Intervention
Distorted; Balance Device: GROUP A education programme as well as balance training exercises Other: GROUP B on-platform training

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of Education With Balance Exercise in Improving Balance and Reducing the Fear of Falls in Elderly

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by DIVYA MIDHA, Maharishi Markendeswar University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • BERG BALANCE SCALE [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • ACTIVITY BALANCE CONFIDENCE SCALE [ Time Frame: 6 WEEKS ]

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: March 2013
Study Completion Date: January 2014
Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: GROUP A
EDUCATION PROGRAMME AND BALANCE TRAINING EXERCISES
Device: GROUP A education programme as well as balance training exercises
Group A received education programme as well as balance training exercises.The intervention group attended one-hour training classes once a week for 6 consecutive weeks. The classes involved both lectures and discussions and were guided through with handouts and worksheets. Each session began by giving a summary of the previous session and continued with the main topic of the session. The intervention program also engaged the participants in discussions about their concerns regarding falling and on topics pertaining to identifying and reducing the risk factors of falls, including environmental hazards in and out of the house
Active Comparator: GROUP B
BALANCE EXERCISES
Other: GROUP B on-platform training
on-platform training was performed while standing and while sitting on a 22-inch therapeutic ball, 1 eyes open or closed 2 normal or reduced area of foot support 3 on foam or floor 4 with or without manual p
Other Name: BALANCE TRAINING

Detailed Description:

Present study was an experimental design. A total of 60 elderly subjects were selected as per the selection criteria and they were randomly allocated in two equal groups i.e.Group A- (Experimental Group)- Balance Exercises and Education Program Group B - (Control Group) - Balance exercises.procedure of study was explained to each subject and written consent was taken from them.

Aim:

The aim of the study was to evaluate the Efficacy of Education With Balance Exercise in Reducing Fear of Falls in Elderly Population .

Materials and Methods In the present study the educational program along with balance training was delivered to group A, (Experimental group) and only Balance training was delivered to group B, (Control group) for 6 weeks for 1 hr duration once weekly. Education program included education about the risk factors of falls such as environmental hazards, importance of good nutrition, use of stick while walking, avoiding slippery surfaces. Balance training consists of stance activities and balance exercise program. The outcome measures for this intervention were Activities specific balance confidence scale and berg balance scale.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Elderly
  • Both males and females were included in the study.
  • Individuals with Mini Mental Status Examination score >23.
  • History of falls in last 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any musculoskeletal disorder
  • Any visual deficit
  • Any systemic disease
  • Any Neurological Disorder
  • Any Cardiovascular and Respiratory Disorder
  • Now cooperative Individuals
  • Any Psychological disorder
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02333994


Sponsors and Collaborators
Maharishi Markendeswar University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: DIVYA MIDHA, MPT(NEURO) MAHARISHI MARKANDESHWAR UNIVERSITY
  More Information

Responsible Party: DIVYA MIDHA, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, Maharishi Markendeswar University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02333994     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D3456
First Submitted: January 1, 2015
First Posted: January 8, 2015
Last Update Posted: January 8, 2015
Last Verified: January 2015