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Phase II Study of MEDI4736, Tremelimumab, and MEDI4736 in Combination w/ Tremelimumab Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02319044
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 18, 2014
Results First Posted : June 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
PRA Health Sciences
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of investigational medical products (MEDI4736 monotherapy, tremelimumab monotherapy, and MEDI4736 + tremelimumab combination therapy) in the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic carcinoma of the head and neck who have progressed during or after treatment with a platinum containing regimen for recurrent/metastatic disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent/Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head & Neck Drug: MEDI4736 Drug: Tremelimumab Drug: MEDI4736 + Tremelimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, open-label, multi-center, global, Phase II study to determine the efficacy and safety of MEDI4736 + tremelimumab combination therapy, MEDI4736 monotherapy and tremelimumab monotherapy in the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic PD-L1-negative squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) who have progressed during or after treatment with only 1 systemic palliative regimen for recurrent or metastatic disease, that must have contained a platinum agent.

Patients will be randomized in a stratified manner according to prognostic factors, including human papillomavirus (HPV) status and smoking status to achieve a balance between treatments for each of the factors. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1:2 fashion to receive MEDI4736 monotherapy, tremelimumab monotherapy, or MEDI4736 + tremelimumab combination.

All treatments will be administered beginning on Day 0 for 12 months or until confirmed progression of disease; unless, in the Investigator's opinion, the patient continues to receive benefit from the treatment), initiation of alternative cancer therapy, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, or another discontinuation criterion is met. Patients with confirmed progression of disease who, in the Investigator's opinion, continue to receive benefit from their assigned investigational product and who meet the criteria for treatment in the setting of progression of disease may continue to receive their assigned investigational product treatment for a maximum of 12 months after consultation with the Sponsor and at the Investigator's discretion. The monotherapy arms (tremelimumab and MEDI4736) should be discontinued if there is confirmed progression of disease following a previous response in target lesions (complete response or partial response).

Tumor assessments will be performed using computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Efficacy for all patients will be assessed by objective tumor assessments every 8 weeks (q8w) for the first 48 weeks (relative to the date of the first infusion) then q12w in patients who have disease control after 12 months until confirmed objective disease progression.

Following completion or discontinuation of treatment, patients will enter a follow-up period.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 267 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Randomized, Open-Label, Multi-Center, Global Study of MEDI4736 Monotherapy, Tremelimumab Monotherapy, and MEDI4736 in Combination With Tremelimumab in Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)
Actual Study Start Date : April 15, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 26, 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 28, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Durvalumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MEDI4736
MEDI4736 monotherapy
Drug: MEDI4736
MEDI4736 monotherapy

Experimental: Tremelimumab
Tremelimumab monotherapy
Drug: Tremelimumab
Tremelimumab monotherapy

Experimental: MEDI4736 + Tremelimumab
MEDI4736 + Tremelimumab combination therapy
Drug: MEDI4736 + Tremelimumab
MEDI4736 + Tremelimumab combination therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate at 6 Months [ Time Frame: After 6 months ]
    Objective response rate, primary analysis, based on BICR assessments according to RECIST v1.1. The number (%) of patients with a response excludes unconfirmed responses

  2. Objective Response Rate at 12 Months [ Time Frame: After 12 months ]
    Objective response rate (per RECIST 1.1 as assessed by blinded independent central review [BICR]) is defined as the number (%) of patients with a confirmed complete response or confirmed partial response and will be based on all treated patients who are PD-L1-positive with measurable disease at baseline per BICR. Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1. criteria are: Complete response [CR] = disappearance of all target lesions since baseline; and partial response [PR] = at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Best Objective Response [ Time Frame: After 12 months ]
    The best response a patient has had during their time in the study

  2. Duration of Response - Participants Remaining in Response [ Time Frame: After 12 months ]
    Participants remaining in response - based on BICR assessments according to RECIST v1.1. An ongoing response was defined as a patient who had documented objective response and was still alive and progression-free at the time of the data cut-off.

  3. Time to Response [ Time Frame: After 12 months ]
    Time to response in patients with objective response based on BICR assessments according to RECIST 1.1

  4. Time to Onset of Response From First Dose [ Time Frame: After 12 months ]
    Time to onset of response in patients with objective response based on BICR assessments according to RECIST 1.1

  5. Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: After 6 months ]
    Disease control rate (DCR) at 6 months based on BICR assessments according to RECIST v1.1. DCR at 6 months was evaluated using 2 different approaches to the length of stable disease (SD). -Method 1: Patients who had a best objective response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) within 24 weeks or had demonstrated SD for a minimum interval of 24 weeks following randomization. -Method 2: Patients who had a best objective response of CR or PR in the first 24 weeks or who had demonstrated SD for a minimum interval of 16 weeks following randomization.

  6. Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: After 12 months ]
    Disease control rate (DCR) at 12 months based on BICR assessments according to RECIST v1.1. DCR at 6 months was evaluated using 2 different approaches to the length of stable disease (SD). -Method 1: Patients who had a best objective response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) within 24 weeks or had demonstrated SD for a minimum interval of 24 weeks following randomization. -Method 2: Patients who had a best objective response of CR or PR in the first 24 weeks or who had demonstrated SD for a minimum interval of 16 weeks following randomization.

  7. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: After 6 months ]
    Progression status at 6 months based on BICR assessments according to RECIST v1.1 at time of Progression Free Survival (PFS) analysis. Progression was defined as the time from the data of randomization until the date of objective disease progression or death (by any cause in the absence of progression) regardless of whether the patient withdrew from therapy or received another anti-cancer therapy prior to progression. -Target Lesions, Non Target Lesions and New Lesions are not necessarily mutually exclusive categories. -Progression death refers to death in the absence of RECIST 1.1 progression.

  8. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: After 12 months ]
    Progression status at 12 months based on BICR assessments according to RECIST v1.1 at time of Progression Free Survival (PFS) analysis. Progression was defined as the time from the data of randomization until the date of objective disease progression or death (by any cause in the absence of progression) regardless of whether the patient withdrew from therapy or received another anti-cancer therapy prior to progression. -Target Lesions, Non Target Lesions and New Lesions are not necessarily mutually exclusive categories. -Progression death refers to death in the absence of RECIST 1.1 progression.

  9. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: After 12 months ]
    Survival status at time of overall survival analysis. 'Still in survival follow-up' includes patients known to be alive at data cut-off. 'Terminated prior to death' includes patients with unknown survival status or patients who were lost to follow-up.

  10. Quality of Life [ Time Frame: After 12 months ]
    Improvement in quality of life was assessed using European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) questionnaires: -The impact of treatment on Health-Related Quality of Life, functioning, and symptoms was evaluated using the EORTC QLQ-C30 v3. -Head and neck cancer-specific symptoms were evaluated using the EORTC QLQ-H&N35. The symptom and QoL/function improvement rate was defined as the number (%) of patients with 2 consecutive assessments at least 14 days apart that showed a clinically meaningful improvement (a decrease from baseline score ≥10 or EORTC QLQ-C30 scales) in that symptom/function from baseline. For QLQ-H&N35A a minimum clinically meaningful change was defined as a change in the score from baseline of >10 for scales/items

  11. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: After 12 months ]
    Duration of objective response in patients with objective response based on BICR assessments according to RECIST v1.1. Duration of response was the time from the first documentation of Complete response/Partial response (which was subsequently confirmed) until the date of progression, death, or the last evaluable RECIST assessment for patients that did not progress. An ongoing response was defined as a patient who had documented objective response and was still alive and progression-free at the time of the data cut-off (per RECIST v1.1 as assessed by BICR).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 96 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥18 years;
  • Written informed consent obtained from the patient/legal representative;
  • Histologically confirmed recurrent or metastatic SCCHN; tumor progression or recurrence during or after treatment with only 1 systemic palliative regimen for recurrent or metastatic disease that must have contained a platinum agent; Patients who have only received chemo-radiation with curative intent for treatment of their locally advanced disease or recurrent disease are not eligible. Patients who received concurrent chemo-radiation as part of treatment of their recurrent disease are also not eligible.
  • Written consent to provide newly acquired tumor tissue (preferred) or archival tissue for the purpose of establishing PD-L1 status.
  • Confirmed PD-L1-negative SCCHN by Ventana SP263;
  • WHO/ECOG performance status of 0 or 1;
  • At least 1 measurable lesion at baseline;
  • No prior exposure to immune-mediated therapy;
  • Adequate organ and marrow function; Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of any other primary anatomic location in the head and neck;
  • Received more than 1 regimen for recurrent or metastatic disease
  • Any concurrent chemotherapy, Investigational Product, biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment;
  • Receipt of any investigational anticancer therapy within 28 days or 5 half-lives;
  • Receipt of last dose of an approved (marketed) anticancer therapy (chemotherapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy, mAbs, etc) within 21 days prior to the first dose of study treatment;
  • Major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to the first dose of Investigational Product;
  • Any unresolved toxicity NCI CTCAE Grade ≥2 from previous anticancer therapy with the exception of alopecia, vitiligo, and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion criterion;
  • Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of their assigned Investigational Product;
  • History of allogeneic organ transplantation;
  • Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders;
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness;
  • another primary malignancy
  • Patients with history of brain metastases, spinal cord compression, or a history of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis;
  • History of active primary immunodeficiency;
  • Known history of previous tuberculosis;
  • Active infection including hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV);
  • Receipt of live, attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of Investigational Product;
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding female patients;
  • Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) ≥470 ms calculated from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs) using Fridericia's Correction
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to Investigational Product.
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would interfere with evaluation of the IP or interpretation of patient safety or study results

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02319044


  Show 125 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
AstraZeneca
PRA Health Sciences
Investigators
Study Director: Magdalena Wrona Medical Scientist AstraZeneca Magdalena.Wrona@astrazeneca.com
Principal Investigator: Lillian Siu, MD Princess Margaret Hospital in Toronto, Ontario

Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02319044     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D4193C00003
First Posted: December 18, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 19, 2018
Last Update Posted: June 19, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by AstraZeneca:
Head and neck cancer; SCCHN

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Tremelimumab
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents