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Safety, Tolerability, and Immunogenicity Study of Homologous Ad26 Mosaic Vector Vaccine Regimens or Heterologous Ad26 Mosaic and MVA Mosaic Vector Vaccine Regimens With Glycoprotein 140 (gp140) for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Prevention

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02315703
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 12, 2014
Results First Posted : November 4, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 29, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
US Military HIV Research Program
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of various regimens containing adenovirus serotype 26-Mosaic -Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Ad26.Mos.HIV), Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA)-Mosaic, and/or HIV type 1 Clade C glycoprotein 140 drug product (gp140 DP) components and to compare envelope binding antibody responses between the different vaccine regimens.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Biological: Ad26.Mos.HIV Biological: MVA-Mosaic Biological: gp140 DP Low-dose Biological: gp140 DP High-dose Drug: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a multicenter (more than 1 hospital or medical school team work on a study), randomized (the study drug is assigned by chance), parallel group (each group of participants will be treated at the same time), placebo-controlled (study in which the experimental treatment or procedure is compared to a pretend treatment with no drug in it to test if the drug has a real effect), and double-blind (neither physician nor participant knows the treatment that the participant receives) study. All eligible participants will be randomly assigned to receive 1 of the 8 vaccine regimens. Participants will receive study vaccines (Ad26.Mos.HIV, MVA-Mosaic, gp140 DP, and placebo) 4 times as per assigned regimen. The study comprises a Screening Period (up to 4 weeks), a Vaccination Period (participants will be vaccinated at Baseline (Week 0), Week 12, Week 24 and Week 48), and a Follow-up Period (up to 48 weeks). A long-term follow-up period (approximately 2 years after Week 96) will continue for participants randomized to the regimen subsequently selected for future studies, based on analysis of Week 28 data. If Week 28 data are inconclusive, Week 52 data will be considered for regimen selection. If no clear decision can be made, the extended follow-up period could include participants from more than 1 group for assessing durability of immune responses. Participants' safety will be monitored throughout the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 393 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 1/2a Trial to Evaluate the Safety/Tolerability and Immunogenicity of Homologous Ad26 Mosaic Vector Regimens or Ad26 Mosaic and MVA Mosaic Heterologous Vector Regimens, With High-Dose, Low-Dose or no Clade C gp140 Protein Plus Adjuvant for HIV Prevention
Actual Study Start Date : December 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1
Participants will receive adenovirus serotype 26-Mosaic -Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Ad26.Mos.HIV) vaccine at Week 0 and 12; followed by Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine + HIV type 1 Clade C glycoprotein 140 drug product (gp140 DP) vaccine containing 250 microgram (mcg) of total protein mixed with adjuvant (aluminum phosphate) at Week 24 and 48.
Biological: Ad26.Mos.HIV
Recombinant replication-deficient Ad26 vectored vaccine and consists of 3 Ad26 vectors, one containing a mosaic insert of envelop (Env) sequence, and 2 vectors containing mosaic inserts of Gag and Pol sequences (Ad26.Mos.1.Env + Ad26.Mos1.Gag-Pol + Ad26.Mos2.Gag-Pol). Total dose is 5*10^10 viral particle per 0.5 milliliter (mL) injection administered intramuscularly.

Biological: gp140 DP High-dose
The gp140 DP vaccine containing 250 mcg of total protein, mixed with aluminum phosphate adjuvant, per 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Experimental: Group 2
Participants will receive Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine at Week 0 and 12; followed by Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine + gp140 DP vaccine containing 50 mcg of total protein mixed with adjuvant at Week 24 and 48.
Biological: Ad26.Mos.HIV
Recombinant replication-deficient Ad26 vectored vaccine and consists of 3 Ad26 vectors, one containing a mosaic insert of envelop (Env) sequence, and 2 vectors containing mosaic inserts of Gag and Pol sequences (Ad26.Mos.1.Env + Ad26.Mos1.Gag-Pol + Ad26.Mos2.Gag-Pol). Total dose is 5*10^10 viral particle per 0.5 milliliter (mL) injection administered intramuscularly.

Biological: gp140 DP Low-dose
The gp140 DP vaccine containing 50 mcg of total protein, mixed with aluminum phosphate adjuvant (0.425 mg aluminum), per 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Experimental: Group 3
Participants will receive Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine at Week 0 and 12; followed by Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine + placebo injection at Week 24 and 48.
Biological: Ad26.Mos.HIV
Recombinant replication-deficient Ad26 vectored vaccine and consists of 3 Ad26 vectors, one containing a mosaic insert of envelop (Env) sequence, and 2 vectors containing mosaic inserts of Gag and Pol sequences (Ad26.Mos.1.Env + Ad26.Mos1.Gag-Pol + Ad26.Mos2.Gag-Pol). Total dose is 5*10^10 viral particle per 0.5 milliliter (mL) injection administered intramuscularly.

Drug: Placebo
Normal saline, 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Experimental: Group 4
Participants will receive Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine at Week 0 and 12; followed by modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA)-Mosaic vaccine + gp140 DP vaccine containing 250 mcg of total protein mixed with adjuvant at Week 24 and 48.
Biological: Ad26.Mos.HIV
Recombinant replication-deficient Ad26 vectored vaccine and consists of 3 Ad26 vectors, one containing a mosaic insert of envelop (Env) sequence, and 2 vectors containing mosaic inserts of Gag and Pol sequences (Ad26.Mos.1.Env + Ad26.Mos1.Gag-Pol + Ad26.Mos2.Gag-Pol). Total dose is 5*10^10 viral particle per 0.5 milliliter (mL) injection administered intramuscularly.

Biological: MVA-Mosaic
Recombinant live attenuated MVA virus-vectored vaccine that has been genetically engineered to express 2 mosaic Gag, Pol, and Env sequences (Mosaic 1 and Mosaic 2). Total dose is 10^8 plaque-forming unit per 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Biological: gp140 DP High-dose
The gp140 DP vaccine containing 250 mcg of total protein, mixed with aluminum phosphate adjuvant, per 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Experimental: Group 5
Participants will receive Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine at Week 0 and 12; followed by MVA-Mosaic vaccine + gp140 DP vaccine containing 50 mcg of total protein mixed with adjuvant at Week 24 and 48.
Biological: Ad26.Mos.HIV
Recombinant replication-deficient Ad26 vectored vaccine and consists of 3 Ad26 vectors, one containing a mosaic insert of envelop (Env) sequence, and 2 vectors containing mosaic inserts of Gag and Pol sequences (Ad26.Mos.1.Env + Ad26.Mos1.Gag-Pol + Ad26.Mos2.Gag-Pol). Total dose is 5*10^10 viral particle per 0.5 milliliter (mL) injection administered intramuscularly.

Biological: MVA-Mosaic
Recombinant live attenuated MVA virus-vectored vaccine that has been genetically engineered to express 2 mosaic Gag, Pol, and Env sequences (Mosaic 1 and Mosaic 2). Total dose is 10^8 plaque-forming unit per 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Biological: gp140 DP Low-dose
The gp140 DP vaccine containing 50 mcg of total protein, mixed with aluminum phosphate adjuvant (0.425 mg aluminum), per 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Experimental: Group 6
Participants will receive Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine at Week 0 and 12; followed by MVA-Mosaic vaccine + placebo injection at Week 24 and 48.
Biological: Ad26.Mos.HIV
Recombinant replication-deficient Ad26 vectored vaccine and consists of 3 Ad26 vectors, one containing a mosaic insert of envelop (Env) sequence, and 2 vectors containing mosaic inserts of Gag and Pol sequences (Ad26.Mos.1.Env + Ad26.Mos1.Gag-Pol + Ad26.Mos2.Gag-Pol). Total dose is 5*10^10 viral particle per 0.5 milliliter (mL) injection administered intramuscularly.

Biological: MVA-Mosaic
Recombinant live attenuated MVA virus-vectored vaccine that has been genetically engineered to express 2 mosaic Gag, Pol, and Env sequences (Mosaic 1 and Mosaic 2). Total dose is 10^8 plaque-forming unit per 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Drug: Placebo
Normal saline, 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Experimental: Group 7
Participants will receive Ad26.Mos.HIV vaccine at Week 0 and 12; followed by gp140 DP vaccine containing 250 mcg of total protein mixed with adjuvant + placebo injection at Week 24 and 48.
Biological: Ad26.Mos.HIV
Recombinant replication-deficient Ad26 vectored vaccine and consists of 3 Ad26 vectors, one containing a mosaic insert of envelop (Env) sequence, and 2 vectors containing mosaic inserts of Gag and Pol sequences (Ad26.Mos.1.Env + Ad26.Mos1.Gag-Pol + Ad26.Mos2.Gag-Pol). Total dose is 5*10^10 viral particle per 0.5 milliliter (mL) injection administered intramuscularly.

Biological: gp140 DP High-dose
The gp140 DP vaccine containing 250 mcg of total protein, mixed with aluminum phosphate adjuvant, per 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Drug: Placebo
Normal saline, 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.

Placebo Comparator: Group 8
Participants will receive 1 placebo injection at Week 0 and 12; followed by 2 placebo injections at Week 24 and 48.
Drug: Placebo
Normal saline, 0.5 mL injection administered intramuscularly.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Local Adverse Events (AEs) Post Vaccination [ Time Frame: Up to Week 49 (7 days post any dose) ]
    Solicited local AEs (at injection site) included erythema, induration, swelling, itching and warmth were collected within 7 days after vaccination.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Solicited Systemic Adverse Events (AEs) Post Vaccination [ Time Frame: Up to Week 49 (7 days post any dose) ]
    Solicited systemic AEs included fever (defined as body temperature of 38.0-degree celsius or higher), headache, fatigue, myalgia, nausea, vomiting were collected within 7 days after vaccination.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Unsolicited Adverse Events Post Vaccination [ Time Frame: Up to Week 52 (28 days post vaccination) ]
    Unsolicited AEs were defined as events that participants experienced but were not specifically asked about.

  4. Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) Post Vaccination [ Time Frame: Up to Week 96 ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant administered a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product. An AE does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the study vaccine. An AE can be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product, whether or not related to that medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product. A SAE is any AE that results in death, is life-threatening, requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect and is a suspected transmission of any infectious agent via a medicinal product.

  5. Percentage of Responders for Envelop (Env) Clade A, B and C-specific Binding Antibody Titers at Week 28 [ Time Frame: Week 28 ]
    The Env Clade A (92UG037.1), B (1990a), and C (Con C), (C97ZA.012)- specific binding antibody titer were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The response was defined as post-baseline value greater than (>) lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) if baseline less than (<) LLOQ or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline greater than or equal to (>=) LLOQ. The lower limits of quantification (LLOQs) for this assay were 625, 156.25, 625, and 156.25 endotoxin units per milliliter (EU/mL) for Clade A (92UG037.1), Clade B (1990a), Clade C (Con C), and Clade C (C97ZA.012) respectively.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Responders for Clade C (C97ZA.012) Env Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1), IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 Gylcoprotein (gp) 140 Binding Antibody [ Time Frame: Week 28, 52 and 96 ]
    Vaccine-induced binding antibody IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 subclass responses were investigated using Clade C (C97ZA.012) specific ELISAs. The response was defined as post-baseline value >LLOQ if baseline <LLOQ or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline >=LLOQ. The LLOQs for this assay were 12.3, 28.7, 12.4, and 13.2 for IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 respectively. Samples taken after Week 48 (W48) from PPI set, who missed 4th vaccine or deviated schedule were excluded. As planned, the data reported for this endpoint at specified time points only for each reported category.

  2. Percentage of Responders for Env ELISA Including Consensus C and Mos1 Antigens [ Time Frame: Week 28, 52 and 96 ]
    The response was defined as post-baseline value >LLOQ if baseline <LLOQ or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline >=LLOQ. The LLOQ for this assay is a 50 percent (%) inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 20 (fold-dilution). The lower limits of quantification (LLOQs) for this assay were 625 and 78.125 EU/mL for Clade C (Con C) and Mos1 respectively. Samples taken after W48 from PPI set, who missed 4th vaccine or deviated schedule were excluded. As planned, the data reported for this endpoint at specified time points only for each reported category.

  3. Percentage of Responders for Env Antibody-dependent Cellular Phagocytosis (ADCP) gp Antibody [ Time Frame: Week 16, 26, 28, 52, 78, and 96 ]
    The functionality of vaccine-induced antibody responses was investigated by the determination of ADCP. The response was defined as post-baseline value > limit of detection (LOD) if baseline <LOD or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline >=LOD. The lower limits of detection (LODs) for this assay were 5.16, 6.43, 6.49, 4.32 and 4.28 (phagocytic score) for Clade A (92UG037.1), Clade B (1990a), Clade C (Con C), Clade C (C97ZA.012), and Mos1, respectively. Samples taken after W48 from PPI set, who missed 4th vaccine or deviated schedule were excluded. As planned, the data reported for this endpoint at specified time points only for each reported category of Clade A, B, C and Mos 1.

  4. Percentage of Responders for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Neutralizing Antibody (HIV nAb) [ Time Frame: Week 28 and 52 ]
    The functionality of vaccine-induced antibody responses was investigated by the determination of nAb activity in a virus neutralization assay (VNA) using TZM-bl cells and Env-pseudotyped viruses. The response was defined as post-baseline value >LLOQ. The LLOQ for this assay is an inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 20 (fold-dilution). Data reported for the responses against Tier 1 HIV strain Clade C (MW965.26) was reported. Samples taken after W48 from PPI set, who missed 4th vaccine or deviated schedule were excluded. As planned, the data reported for this endpoint at specified time points only for each reported category.

  5. Percentage of Responders for Binding Antibody Multiplex Assay (BAMA) IgG1-IgG4 and IgA and IgG-t Breadth Antibody [ Time Frame: Week 16, 28, 52, 78, and 96 ]
    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 BAMA employs flow-cytometric-based technology that also utilizes antibody and antigen interactions to test for the presence of specific antibodies in an unknown sample with the added advantage of multiplexing the antigens of interest. Positive and negative control standards were run with each assay to ensure specificity. The positivity threshold was determined per antigen based on the plus (+) 3 standard deviation (SD) on the non-specific background. Sample values had to be greater than or equal to this value and had to be 3-fold over the baseline values with a minimum median fluorescent intensities (MFI) value of 100. Samples taken after W48 from PPI set, who missed 4th vaccine or deviated schedule were excluded. As planned, the data reported for this endpoint at specified time points only for each reported category.

  6. Percentage of Responders With Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) T Cell Responses Enzyme-linked Immunospot Assay (ELISpot) [ Time Frame: Week 26, 50, 78 and 96 ]
    Frozen peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMCs) were analyzed by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) (ELISpot). The response was defined as post-baseline value >P95 if baseline <P95 or missing or defined as post-baseline value >3-fold increase from baseline if baseline >=P95. The threshold for ELISpot test was based on the 95th percentile (P95) from the baseline values of participants on that test in the study. Samples taken after W48 from PPI set, who missed 4th vaccine or deviated schedule were excluded. As planned, the data reported for this endpoint at specified time points only for each reported category.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant must be healthy on the basis of physical examination, medical history, electrocardiogram (ECG) and laboratory criteria, and vital signs measurement performed at Screening
  • Participants are negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at Screening
  • All female participants of childbearing potential must have a negative serum (beta human chorionic gonadotropin) at Screening, and a negative urine pregnancy test pre-dose on Week 0, 12, 24, and 48
  • A woman must agree not to donate eggs (ova, oocytes) for the purposes of assisted reproduction until 3 months after receiving the last dose of study vaccine. A man must agree not to donate sperm until 3 months after receiving the last dose of study vaccine
  • Participants are assessed by the clinic staff as being at low risk for HIV infection

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant has chronic active hepatitis B or active hepatitis C, active syphilis infection, chlamydia, gonorrhea, or trichomonas. Active syphilis documented by exam or serology unless positive serology is due to past treated infection
  • In the 12 months prior to enrollment, participant has a history of newly acquired herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), syphilis, gonorrhea, non-gonococcal urethritis, chlamydia, pelvic inflammatory disease, trichomonas, mucopurulent cervicitis, epididymitis, proctitis, lymphogranulomavenereum, chancroid, or hepatitis B
  • Participant has any clinically significant acute or chronic medical condition that in the opinion of the investigator would preclude participation (for example, history of seizure disorders, bleeding/clotting disorder, autoimmune disease, active malignancy, poorly controlled asthma, active tuberculosis or other systemic infections)
  • Participant has had major surgery within the 4 weeks prior to study entry or planned major surgery through the course of the study
  • Participant has had a thyroidectomy, or thyroid disease requiring medication during the last 12 months
  • Participant has a history of myocarditis, pericarditis, cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure with permanent sequelae, clinically significant arrhythmia (including any arrhythmia requiring medication, treatment, or clinical follow up)
  • Participant has an ECG (per examination and interpretation of a cardiologist) with clinically significant findings, or features that would interfere with the assessment of myo/pericarditis, including any of the following: a) conduction disturbance (complete left or complete right bundle branch block or nonspecific intraventricular conduction disturbance with QRS >=120 millisecond [ms], PR interval >=220 ms, any 2nd or 3rd degree AV block, or QTc prolongation [>450 ms]); b) significant repolarization (ST segment or T wave) abnormality; c) significant atrial or ventricular arrhythmia, frequent atrial or ventricular ectopy (for example frequent premature atrial contractions, 2 premature ventricular contractions in a row); d) ST elevation consistent with ischemia, or evidence of past or evolving myocardial infarction
  • Participant has a history of anaphylaxis or other serious adverse reactions to vaccines or vaccine products, or neomycin or streptomycin or egg products

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02315703


Locations
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United States, Colorado
Aurora, Colorado, United States
United States, Florida
Miami, Florida, United States
United States, Maryland
Rockville, Maryland, United States
United States, Massachusetts
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
United States, Texas
Austin, Texas, United States
Rwanda
Kigali, Rwanda
South Africa
Cape Town, South Africa
Durban, South Africa
Johannesburg, South Africa
Thailand
Bangkok, Thailand
Uganda
Entebbe, Uganda
Kampala, Uganda
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
US Military HIV Research Program
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V. Clinical Trials Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.:
Study Protocol  [PDF] December 21, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 15, 2018

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02315703    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR106152
HIV-V-A004 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V. )
IPCAVD009 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V. )
First Posted: December 12, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 4, 2020
Last Update Posted: September 29, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.:
Healthy
Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Virus
adenovirus serotype 26
Ad26.Mos.HIV
Modified Vaccinia Ankara
Glycoprotein
Adjuvant
Vaccine
Placebo