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MMV390048 Against Early Plasmodium Falciparum Blood Stage Infection in Healthy Participants

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02281344
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Inconsistent and unpredictable exposures were observed. Drug needed to be reformulated.)
First Posted : November 2, 2014
Results First Posted : June 9, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 9, 2020
Q-Pharm Pty Limited
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medicines for Malaria Venture

Brief Summary:
A single-centre, open-label, study using induced blood stage malaria infection to characterize the activity of MMV390048 against early Plasmodium falciparum blood stage infection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malaria, Falciparum Drug: MMV390048 20mg Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Study using induced blood stage malaria infection to characterize the activity of MMV390048 against early Plasmodium falciparum blood stage infection. There will be two or more cohorts of 8 subjects. In the first cohort a single dose of 20 mg of MMV390048 will be investigated. Depending on the data obtained, the dose in Cohort 2 may be adjusted but will not exceed the maximum tolerated dose (or highest achieved dose based on a predefined exposure cap) as determined in an ongoing single ascending dose study. Each participant will be inoculated on Day 0 with ~1,800 viable parasites of Plasmodium falciparum-infected human erythrocytes intravenously. On an outpatient basis, participants will be monitored daily until positive for presence of malaria parasites. Once positive they will be monitored twice-daily until treatment, for adverse events and the unexpected early onset of symptoms, signs or parasitological evidence of malaria. On the day designated for commencement of treatment, participants will be admitted to the study unit and monitored. The threshold for commencement of treatment will be when quantification of all participants is ≥ 1,000 parasites/mL. If the quantification of any participant is ≥ 5,000 parasites/mL, and is accompanied by a clinical symptom score >5, or if clinical or parasitological evidence of malaria occurs in any participant before all participants have reached the treatment threshold (quantification of ≥ 1,000), then treatment of that participant will begin within a 24 h period.

Following treatment with MMV390048, participants will be followed up as inpatients for at least 72 hours to ensure tolerance of the treatment and clinical response, then on an outpatient basis if clinically well for monitoring of safety and clearance of malaria parasites. Compulsory treatment with Riamet® (artemether-lumefantrine) will start on day 16 (±3 days) post study treatment unless required earlier. Early intervention can occur if either poor responses or fast responses are seen following MMV390048 treatment. This is to ensure participant safety and to avoid participant inconvenience if useful data cannot be obtained. Pre-emptive treatment with Riamet® can commence whenever necessary. Participants will be treated with a single dose (45 mg) of primaquine (Primacin™) at the end of their Riamet® treatment if gametocytes are identified, to ensure complete clearance of any gametocytes present.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Proof-of-concept Study to Assess the Effect of MMV390048 Against Early Plasmodium Falciparum Blood Stage Infection in Healthy Participants.
Actual Study Start Date : October 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 19, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : December 19, 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1
Cohort 1 will receive a single dose of 20mg MMV390048.
Drug: MMV390048 20mg
Supplied as a powder to be prepared as a suspension for oral use

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. MMV390048 Area Under the Plasma Concentration Versus Time Curve (AUClast) up to Day 21 Post-dose [ Time Frame: At pre-dose, and 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24 (D1), 30, 36, 48 (D2), 72 (D3), and 144 hours (D6) and Days 8, 10, 14, 18 and D21. ]

    Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationship of MMV390048 on clearance of Plasmodium falciparum parasites from the blood in healthy participants following infection with blood stage parasites.

    The area under the plasma concentration time curve from time zero to the last measured time point.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Parasite Reduction Rate (PRR) Following MMV390048 Treatment [ Time Frame: From dosing up to Day 21 Post-dose ]
    The clearance of malaria parasitemia by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) measurement.

  2. MMV390048 Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: At pre-dose, and 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24 (D1), 30, 36, 48 (D2), 72 (D3), and 144 hours (D6) and Days 8, 10, 14, 18 and D21. ]
    Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of MMV390048

  3. MMV390048 Time to Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) [ Time Frame: From dosing up to Day 21 Post-dose ]
    Time to Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) of MMV390048

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who do not live alone from Day 0 until at least the end of the antimalarial drug treatment, and are contactable and available for the duration of the trial (≤4 months)
  • Body weight ≥50kg, body mass index between 18.0 and 32.0 kg/m2, inclusive
  • Healthy by clinical assessment
  • Normal vital signs
  • Normal 12-lead electrocardiogram
  • Lab tests in normal range
  • Agrees to use a double barrier method of contraception including condom plus diaphragm or condom plus intrauterine device or condom plus stable oral / transdermal / injectable hormonal contraceptive by female partner for ≥14 days prior to the first dose of study drug until 90 days after the last dose
  • Written informed consent before any study procedure

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of malaria or participation in a previous malaria challenge study
  • Must not have travelled to or lived >2 weeks in a malaria-endemic area in past 12 months nor plan to travel to one during study
  • Evidence of increased cardiovascular disease risk
  • History of splenectomy
  • Presence / history of drug hypersensitivity, or allergic disease diagnosed and treated or history of a severe allergic reaction, anaphylaxis or convulsions following any vaccination or infusion
  • Presence of current / suspected serious chronic diseases such as cardiac or autoimmune disease, diabetes, progressive neurological disease, severe malnutrition, acute or progressive hepatic or renal disease, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, epilepsy or obsessive compulsive disorder, skin carcinoma excluding non-spreadable skin cancers such as basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma, schizophrenia, bi-polar disease, or other severe (disabling) chronic psychiatric diagnosis
  • History of photosensitivity
  • History of schizophrenia, bi-polar disease, or other severe (disabling) chronic psychiatric diagnosis, including depression or receiving psychiatric drugs or hospitalized in past 5 yrs for psychiatric illness, history of suicide attempt or confinement for danger to self/others
  • Frequent headache and/or migraine, recurrent nausea, and/or vomiting (≥2 / month)
  • Acute infectious disease/fever in 5 days pre-inoculation with malaria parasites
  • Acute illness in 4 weeks pre-screening which may compromise subject safety
  • Any significant intercurrent disease, in particular liver, renal, cardiac, pulmonary, neurologic, rheumatologic, or autoimmune disease by history, physical exam or lab test
  • Clinically significant disease or any condition that might affect drug absorption distribution or excretion
  • Participation in any investigational study in last 12 weeks
  • Any blood sampling/donation in last 8 weeks
  • Unwilling to defer blood donation for 6 months
  • Any blood donation, in 1 month before inclusion.
  • Medical requirement for intravenous immunoglobulin or blood transfusion
  • Ever had a blood transfusion
  • Symptomatic postural hypotension, irrespective of the decrease in blood pressure, or asymptomatic postural hypotension
  • History or presence of alcohol abuse (≥40g per day) or drug habituation, or any prior intravenous use of an illicit substance
  • Smoking ≥5 cigarettes or equivalent /day and unable to stop smoking during confinement period
  • Poppy seeds in 24h pre-screening
  • Excessive consumption of xanthine bases, including red bull, chocolate
  • Any medication (including St John's Wort) in 14 days pre-study or within 5 times the medication half-life if longer
  • Vaccination in the last 28 days
  • Any corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulators or anticoagulants. Any currently or previous immunosuppressive therapy, including systemic steroids including adrenocorticotrophic hormone or inhaled steroids in dosages associated with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis suppression or chronic use of inhaled high potency corticosteroids
  • Recent or current systemic therapy with an antibiotic / potential antimalarial
  • Likely to be noncompliant, or unable to cooperate
  • Not contactable in case of emergency throughout and for 2 weeks after end of study
  • Staff directly involved in study conduct
  • Without good peripheral venous access
  • Positive for: hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-hepatitis B core antibodies, anti-hepatitis C virus antibodies, or anti-human immunodeficiency virus 1/2 antibodies
  • glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
  • Positive urine drug screen or alcohol urine or breath test
  • Cardiac/QT risk: Known pre-existing prolongation of the QTcB/QTcF interval considered clinically significant. Family history of sudden death or of congenital prolongation of the corrected QT interval interval or known congenital prolongation of the corrected QT interval or any clinical condition known to prolong the corrected QT interval interval. History of symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias or with clinically relevant bradycardia. Electrolyte disturbances, particularly hypokalaemia, hypocalcaemia or hypomagnesaemia. Clinically relevant 12-lead electrocardiogram abnormality at screening or which will interfere with the analysis, or history of clinically significant abnormalities
  • Known hypersensitivity to MMV390048 or any of its excipients or 4-aminoquinolines, artemether or other artemisinin derivatives, lumefantrine, or other arylaminoalcohols
  • Unwillingness to abstain from citrus (grapefruit, Seville orange, etc.) or juice, as well as quinine containing foods/beverages for the study period
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Unwilling to restrict exposure to direct sunlight during the study. Must use sunglasses and sunblock for the study period

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02281344

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Australia, Queensland
Q-Pharm Clinics, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4006
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medicines for Malaria Venture
Q-Pharm Pty Limited
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Principal Investigator: James McCarthy, Dr. Q-Pharm Pty Limited
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Medicines for Malaria Venture Identifier: NCT02281344    
Other Study ID Numbers: QP14C11
First Posted: November 2, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 9, 2020
Last Update Posted: June 9, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Keywords provided by Medicines for Malaria Venture:
induced blood stage malaria infection
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Malaria, Falciparum
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases