Value of Immediate Post-operative Intravesical Epirubicin in Intermediate&High Risk Non Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (NMIBCIVT)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02214602|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 12, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Carcinoma of Urinary Bladder, Superficial||Drug: Epirubicin||Phase 4|
Preoperative evaluation will be carried out in the form of routine laboratory investigations, abdominal and pelvic US and computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abdomen and pelvis if necessary. Then, the patients will be subjected to complete TURBT.
The patients will be transferred to the recovery room, careful monitoring of the patients will be carried out for the 1st 30 min, and then after confirming the patient eligibility for enrollment in the study by exclusion of cases with hematuria and suspicious bladder perforation, patients will be enrolled randomly into one of the two groups. The randomization process will be performed using computer-generated simple random tables in a 1:1 ratio or by the method of closed envelopes.
The 1st group will not receive intravesical instillation of epirubicin -Placebo-(control group), and, the 2nd group will receive intravesical instillation of epirubicin 50 mg in 50 ml saline 0.9% (study group) with clamping of the urethral catheter for 1 hour after instillation and during this period the patients are monitored for local or systemic adverse events (acute abdomen, chills, fever, hot flushes, abdominal rigidity, hematuria after de-clamping of the catheter).
Intraoperative and early postoperative parameters of interest will be recorded and compared between the two groups like EUA findings, tumor characteristics during cystoscopy as the tumor size, site, shape, number, suspicion of CIS, post instillation adverse events, cytology and biopsy results.
The patients will be discharged after removal of urethral catheter. They will be stratified into either intermediate or high risk histopathologically confirmed NMIBC, followed up at the outpatient clinic (OPC) and will receive adjuvant intravesical instillation of chemotherapy or immunotherapy according to the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines for each risk group. The patients will be evaluated by office cystoscopy and urine cytology at the OPC after 12 weeks, and thereafter every 3 months during the first 2 years and then every 3 to 6 months according to the risk category.
During the follow-up period, all histopathologically confirmed tumors will be classified as recurrences. Time to first recurrence will be the primary end point of the study, and the length of follow-up will be defined as the time from inclusion to the last cystoscopy control.
Methods of evaluation and follow-up:
All the patients will be evaluated on entry and at follow-up intervals. On study entry patients will be evaluated by urinalysis, urine culture, serum creatinine, fasting blood sugar level, complete blood count, chest X-ray, excretory urography (IVU) and or CT urography and bladder wash for cytology. CT with contrast will be performed annually in cases of high risk tumor category and when otherwise indicated. Complete TURBT of all visible tumors will be conducted in all patients and the stage and grade will be determined according to the 1987 staging classification and World Health Organization (WHO) grading system in 1973+ 2004 WHO grading system.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||240 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||The Value of Immediate Post-operative Intravesical Epirubicin Instillation in Intermediate and High Risk Non Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (NMIBC): A Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Study Start Date :||July 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 2017|
Experimental: Study group(Epirubicin)
in this arm -study group(Epirubicin)- : patients will receive immediate intravesical instillation of 50 mg of epirubicin in 50 ml of saline 0.9 % after 30 min after compete transurethral resection of bladder tumor
Experimental: Study group(Epirubicin)
in the arm -study group(Epirubicin)- : patients will receive immediate intravesical instillation of 50 mg of epirubicin in 50 ml of saline 0.9 % after 30 min after compete transurethral resection of bladder tumor
No Intervention: Control group
in this arm -control group- : patients will not receive immediate intravesical instillation of of epirubicin after compete transurethral resection of bladder tumor.
- Recurrence, progression and/or death from cancer. [ Time Frame: within the 1st year after complete Transurethral resection of bladder tumor ]
- Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability [ Time Frame: within 1st 24 hours following intravesical instillation of the used drug ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02214602
|Urology and Nephrology Center|
|Mansoura, Egypt, 35516|
|Study Chair:||Bedeir A El-Dein, Professor||Urology And Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura|