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Brief Trainings to Buffer Against Acute Stress Effects

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02214264
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : August 12, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of several brief trainings based on contemplative practices and positive psychology to buffer against the negative effects that acute stress has on behavior and cognitive abilities. The investigators hypothesize that training will buffer against negative effects of acute stress.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stress Behavioral: Loving-Kindness meditation training Behavioral: Breath Awareness meditation training Behavioral: Gratitude Behavioral: Control Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Participants will be taught a stress reducing training (breath awareness, loving kindness practice, gratitude exercise) and will practice using this technique for 10-15 minutes. Following this, all participants will undergo the Cold Pressor Task (CPT) for up to 3 minutes.

Before and after these tasks, participant data related to attention, working memory, self regulation, affect, and prosociality will be collected.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 350 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Brief Trainings to Buffer Against Acute Stress Effects
Study Start Date : October 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Loving-Kindness training
Participants receive Loving-Kindness meditation training for approximately 12 minutes.
Behavioral: Loving-Kindness meditation training
Participants undergo training for approximately 12 minutes. Training involves guided reflections and intentions related to feeling loving-kindness towards the self and others.

Experimental: Breath Awareness training
Participants receive Breath Awareness meditation training for approximately 12 minutes.
Behavioral: Breath Awareness meditation training
Participants undergo training for approximately 12 minutes. Training involves guided awareness focused on sensations of breathing.

Experimental: Gratitude training
Participants will receive Gratitude training for approximately 12 minutes.
Behavioral: Gratitude
Participants undergo training for approximately 12 minutes. Training involves reflections of gratitude for people, events, and things in one's life.

Control
Participants write and then think about the physical space in which they live (i.e., their home) for approximately 12 minutes.
Behavioral: Control
Participants will write and then think about the physical space in which they live (i.e., their home) for approximately 12 minutes.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline performance on Operational Span task [ Time Frame: Baseline and 10 minutes following post stress induction ]
  2. Change from baseline in time spent on hand grip self regulation task [ Time Frame: Baseline and 30 minutes post stress induction ]
  3. Change from baseline on likeability ratings of neutral stimuli [ Time Frame: Baseline and 1 minute post stress induction ]
  4. Number of trials completed in optional Generosity task [ Time Frame: 40 minutes post stress induction ]
  5. Positive and Negative Affect Schedule ratings at baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
  6. Positive and Negative Affect Schedule ratings after pre-test measures [ Time Frame: 2 minutes before training ]
  7. Positive and Negative Affect Schedule ratings after training [ Time Frame: 1 minute after training ]
  8. Positive and Negative Affect Schedule ratings after stress induction [ Time Frame: 1 minute after stress induction ]
  9. Positive and Negative Affect Schedule ratings after post-test [ Time Frame: 1 minute after post-test measures ]
  10. Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test at baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
  11. Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test after pre-test measures [ Time Frame: 2 minutes before training ]
  12. Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test after training [ Time Frame: 1 minute after training ]
  13. Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test after stress induction [ Time Frame: 1 minute after stress induction ]
  14. Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test after post-test [ Time Frame: 1 minute after post-test ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Participant interest in participating in future training [ Time Frame: 40 minutes post stress induction ]
    Interest will be rated using a visual analog scale.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • undergraduate psychology recruitment pool

Exclusion Criteria:

  • non-native English speakers, pregnant women

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02214264


Locations
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lisa Flook, PhD University of Wisconsin, Madison

Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02214264     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-0572
MLK2014 ( Other Identifier: Study Team )
First Posted: August 12, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 4, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018