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Functional Neuroimaging of Pain Using EEG and fMRI

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02212691
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 8, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 27, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research is to use non-invasive imaging technologies to study how the human brain processes pain. The investigators will use contact heat to induce pain and record data scalp EEG and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). What the investigators learn from this study will help us gain insights in pain management with broad socioeconomic impacts

Condition or disease
Sickle Cell Disease

Detailed Description:

Functional imaging of brain networks associated with pain processing is of vital importance to aid developing new pain-relief therapy and to better understand the mechanisms of brain function. The pain response in the brain is a complex process, which involves multiple cortical brain regions, such as primary and secondary somatosensory cortices, anterior cingulate cortex, and insular cortex . Recent advancement in neuroimaging techniques suggests the possibility to map the brain structure and networks that involve pain processing. Electroencephalography (EEG) is a noninvasive monitoring technique, which is widely used to probe neurological disorders with high temporal resolution. Few attempts have been made to use EEG to map the active brain regions in pain patients. Functional MRI (fMRI) measures the hemodynamic brain response and could image the active brain regions with high spatial resolution. Studies have shown that fMRI is a useful tool to delineate the brain regions associated with pain processing. Recent studies from simultaneous EEG and fMRI recording have suggested that the EEG response to the pain may be correlated with the fMRI response, and both EEG and fMRI could be used to image the brain pain processing regions, such as the primary somatosensory cortex and anterior cingulate cortex.

The aim of this research is to develop and evaluate a functional neuroimaging approach using EEG, fMRI and EEG-fMRI, in pain study. EEG, fMRI, or simultaneous EEG-fMRI will be collected in healthy subjects who receive external thermal stimulation inducing pain. The painful stimuli will be delivered at different intensity levels and the subject pain rating will be collected. The imaging technique combines the EEG signal with high temporal resolution and the fMRI signal with high spatial resolution to obtain a spatiotemporal imaging of the brain electrophysiological and hemodynamic activity in response to different levels of pain. Cross validation between this method and subject pain score will be used to quantitatively and qualitatively evaluate the technique. The successful completion of the current protocol will help establish an important imaging technology accessing pain level in an objective way.


Study Design

Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 25 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Functional Neuroimaging of Pain in Sickle Cell Disease Patients
Study Start Date : January 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Groups and Cohorts

Group/Cohort
Sickle cell disease
Sickle Cell Disease


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in EEG power and fMRI activity level [ Time Frame: up to four years ]
    The goal is to find biomarkers using EEG/fMRI to noninvasively quantify pain. The investigators will measure the differences in EEG power in patients with sickle cell disease comparing to healthy controls, changes of fMRI activity level comparing to healthy controls.


Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Healthy subjects Sickle cell patients
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy subjects with no known neurological disorders
  • Sickle cell patients with no metal implants

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age over 65 in either group
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02212691


Contacts
Contact: Michelle A Case, B.S. 612-624-0491 casex112@umn.edu

Locations
United States, Minnesota
Biomedical Engineering Department Recruiting
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55413
Principal Investigator: Bin He, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Bin He, PhD University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
More Information

Responsible Party: University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02212691     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: U01HL117664 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 8, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 27, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute:
Sickle Cell

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Hemoglobinopathies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn