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Phase III Radium 223 mCRPC-PEACE III (PEACE III)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02194842
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : June 13, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Bayer
Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd.
UNICANCER
Canadian Urologic Oncology Group
Latin American Cooperative Oncology Group
Cancer Trials Ireland
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of the trial is to assess if upfront combination of enzalutamide and Ra223 improves radiological progression-free survival (rPFS1) compared to enzalutamide single agent in CRPC patients metastatic to bone

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Drug: Ra223 Drug: Enzalutamide Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 416 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Multicenter Phase III Trial Comparing Enzalutamide vs. a Combination of Ra223 and Enzalutamide in Asymptomatic or Mildly Symptomatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer Patients Metastatic to Bone.
Study Start Date : October 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Enzalutamide
Enzalutamide will be given at a dose of 160 mg daily
Drug: Enzalutamide
Experimental: Enzalutamide and Ra223
Ra223 will be administered 55kBq/kg standard dose monthly for 6 months and given in combination with enzalutamide at a dose of 160 mg daily.
Drug: Ra223
Drug: Enzalutamide



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. radiological progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 46 months after first patient entry ]

    Radiological progression free survival (rPFS1) is defined according to the recommendations of the "Prostate-Cancer clinical trials Working Group" version 3 and referred to as the "PCWG3"; for the setting "delay/prevent" progression.

    An event of progression according to their definition is either of:

    • Objective progression of the disease according to RECIST criteria for soft tissue lesions with the additional requirement that progression at the first follow-up assessment be confirmed by a second scan ≥ 6 weeks apart
    • Appearance of ≥ 2 new bone lesions and for the first follow-up assessment only (i.e. within 12 weeks, during the flare period), a confirmatory scan performed ≥ 6 weeks later that shows a minimum of two or more additional new lesions (2+2 criterion)

    In this protocol:

    • PSA progression is not considered disease progression and should NOT trigger a change of treatment.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 63 months after first patient entry ]
    number of participants

  2. prostate cancer specific survival [ Time Frame: 63 months after first patient entry ]
    number of participants

  3. First symptomatic skeletal event [ Time Frame: 46 and 63 months after first patient entry ]
    number of participants

  4. Time and incidence of first skeletal progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 46 and 63 months after first patient entry ]
    number of participants

  5. Time from entry to initiation of next systemic anti-neoplastic therapy [ Time Frame: 46 and 63 months after first patient entry ]
    number of participants

  6. Treatments elected after first disease progression [ Time Frame: 46 and 63 months after first patient entry ]
    number of participants

  7. Second progression-free survival in sequential regimen [ Time Frame: 46 and 63 months after first patient entry ]
    number of participants

  8. Patient self-rate scale assessing the pain associated to prostate cancer [ Time Frame: 46 and 63 months after first patient entry ]
    Brief Pain Inventory questionnaire: BPI questionnaire is a validated instrument that is a patient self-rated scale assessing level of pain, effect of the pain on activities of daily living, and analgesic use. The BPI also measures how much pain has interfered with seven daily activities, including general activity, walking, work, mood, enjoyment of life, relations with others, and sleep. The short form of the BPI is used in this study. It is intended to capture two dimensions of pain: severity and interference. This short version of the BPI contains four pain severity items and seven pain interference items rated on 0-10 scales and uses a 24-hour recall period.

  9. Time to pain progression [ Time Frame: 63 months after first patient entry ]
    defined as an increase of 2 or more points in the "worst pain in 24 hours" score from baseline observed at 2 consecutive evaluations ≥ 4 weeks apart OR initiation of short or long-acting opioid use for pain

  10. Occurence of adverse events [ Time Frame: 63 months after first patient entry ]
    Adverse events will be graded according to the "Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse events" CTCAE, version 4.0

  11. Time to opiate use for cancer-related pain [ Time Frame: 63 months after first patient entry ]
    number of participants

  12. Patient self-rate scale assessing the Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 46 and 63 months after first patient entry ]

    EQ5D-5L questionnaire asks respondents to simply 'mark an X on the scale to indicate how your health is TODAY' and then to 'write the number you marked on the scale in the box below'. This information can be used as a quantitative measure of health outcome as judged by the individual respondents.

    The respondent is asked to indicate his health state by ticking (or placing a cross) in the box against the most appropriate statement in each of the 5 dimensions. This decision results in a 1-digit number expressing the level selected for that dimension. The digits for 5 dimensions can be combined in a 5-digit number describing the respondent's health state. It should be noted that the numerals 1-5 have no arithmetic properties and should not be used as a cardinal score.


  13. rate of skeletal fractures [ Time Frame: 63 months after first patient entry ]
    The rate of skeletal fractures per patient/year of follow-up will be estimated in each treatment arm using recurrent-event analysis methods. Analyses by type of fracture (e.g. pathological fracture) will also be conducted as appropriate.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma
  • Asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic (defined as short form question #3 in Brief Pain Inventory worst pain must be < 4, see Appendix E)
  • Metastatic to bone with ≥ 4 bone metastases (ambiguous areas of increased uptake on 99mTc Bone Scan (BS) should be confirmed by CT or MRI) with or without additional lymph node metastases.

Patients with visceral metastases are not allowed. Patients with multifocal bone lesions are allowed; while patients with diffuse confluent bone lesions (superscan) are not allowed in the trial.

  • Note: Patients must start treatment with a bone protecting agent (at doses used to reduce the incidence of skeletal related events) ideally before or at the time of randomization, if patient is not already on one. A minimum of two doses is recommended before the first administration of Ra223 in the experimental arm. The first administration of Ra223 should be scheduled at least 6 weeks after the first administration of bone protecting agent.
  • Note: For French sites only, patients must not have undergone a PET/CT scan for restaging prostate cancer using radiopharmaceuticals such as 18F-FDG, 18F-fluoride, 18F-Fluorocholine or a PSMA (prostate-specific membrane antigen) ligand or any other tracer.
  • Progressive CRPC according to Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) (Ref. 22) i.e. either:
  • For patients who manifest disease progression solely as a rising PSA level, PCWG3 criteria require documentation of a sequence of rising PSA values at a minimum of 1-week intervals with the last value > 2 ng/mL
  • For patients with disease progression manifest in the bone, irrespective of progression by rising PSA, PCWG3 guidelines require appearance of 2 or more new lesions. Ambiguous results should be confirmed by other imaging modalities than bone scan (e.g.: CT-scan or MRI)
  • For patients with disease progression manifest at nodal sites, irrespective of progression by rising PSA, PCWG3 requires progression according to RECIST 1.1
  • Ongoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist or antagonist or bilateral orchiectomy
  • No known central nervous system metastases or leptomeningeal tumor spread.
  • Patients must be at least 18 years old
  • WHO Performance status 0-1(see Appendix C)
  • Charlson score ≤ 3 (see Appendix G)
  • T-score ≥ -2.5 on a DXA scan done in the past 12 months Note: For French sites only, DXA scan done within 6 weeks of randomization
  • Castrate serum levels of testosterone < 50 ng/dL
  • Biochemistry and hematology:
  • Adequate bone marrow function (absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 109/L; platelets ≥100 109/L, and hemoglobin ≥ 10.0 g/dL)
  • Total bilirubin level ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN), except for patient with Gilbert's disease where ≤ 5.0 × ULN applies
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN
  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • Albumin > 25 g/L
  • Normal cardiac function according to local standard by 12-lead ECG (complete, standardized 12-lead recording)
  • No significant cardiovascular disease including:
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to screening
  • Uncontrolled angina within 3 months prior to screening
  • Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV, or patients with history of congestive heart failure NYHA class III or IV in the past, unless a screening echocardiogram or multi-gated acquisition scan (MUGA) performed within 3 months results in a left ventricular ejection fraction that is ≥ 45%
  • History of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (e.g., ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, torsades de pointes)
  • History of Mobitz II second degree or third degree heart block without a permanent pacemaker in place
  • Uncontrolled hypertension as indicated by a resting systolic blood pressure > 140 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg at screening.

Note: Initiation or adjustment of antihypertensive medication(s) is permitted prior to randomization. Blood pressure must be re-assessed on two occasions that are separated by a minimum of 1 hour. The mean SBP / DBP values from all blood pressure assessment timepoints must be ≤140/90 mm Hg in order for a patient to be eligible for the study.

  • Hypotension as indicated by systolic blood pressure < 86 mm Hg at screening
  • Bradycardia as indicated by a heart rate of < 45 beats per minute on the screening ECG and on physical examination
  • Uncontrolled hyperglycemia as indicated by a fasting glucose ≥ 7 mmol/L
  • Able to swallow the study drug and comply with study requirements
  • Prior or concomitant therapy
  • Prior docetaxel is permitted if given in the castration sensitive state and if it was started within 4 months of ADT initiation Note: patients having received docetaxel for CRPC are excluded.
  • Prior use of abiraterone is permitted if the patient had a response or stable disease on abiraterone for a minimum of 1 year for metastatic castration sensitive prostate cancer
  • Note: patients having received abiraterone for CRPC are excluded. Prior treatment with abiraterone is allowed if it was stopped at least 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • No prior treatment with enzalutamide, apalutamide, darolutamide or Ra223
  • No concomitant treatment with Cyp17 inhibitors (abiraterone, orteronel) and ketoconazole
  • Previous treatment with bicalutamide or flutamide is allowed if it was stopped at least 48 hours prior to randomization
  • Corticosteroids are allowed only at a dose ≤ 10 mg of prednisone (or equivalent) no matter the indication
  • No prior hemibody external radiotherapy. Patients who received other types of prior external radiotherapy are allowed provided that the bone marrow function is assessed and meets the protocol requirements for hemoglobin, absolute neutrophil count and platelets
  • No prior therapy with other radionuclides (e.g., strontium-89, samarium-153, rhenium-186, or rhenium-188)
  • No involvement in another therapeutic trial involving an experimental drug
  • No anticancer therapy (except ADT) or treatment with another investigational agent within the last 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • No known hypersensitivity to compounds related to enzalutamide or Ra223 (refer to Investigator's brochures)
  • No prior history of malignancies other than prostate adenocarcinoma (except patients with basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, in-situ carcinoma or low-grade superficial bladder cancer), or the patient has been free of malignancy for a period of 3 years prior to randomization date
  • No history of seizure, including any febrile seizure, loss of consciousness, or transient ischemic attack within 12 months of randomization, OR any condition that may pre-dispose to seizure (e.g., prior stroke, brain arterio-venous malformation, head trauma with loss of consciousness requiring hospitalization)
  • Drugs known to lower the seizure threshold or prolong QT interval are not permitted (refer to section 5.9.3.2)
  • No major surgery within 4 weeks prior to treatment
  • No drug or alcohol abuse
  • No other serious illness or medical condition, such as but not limited to:
  • Any infection ≥ Grade 2 according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) version 4
  • No gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption (e.g., gastrectomy or active peptic ulcer disease)
  • Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
  • Osteonecrosis of the jaw
  • Any bone disease with an osteoblastic activity
  • Bone marrow dysplasia
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Life-threatening illness unrelated to cancer
  • No condition which, in the investigator's opinion, makes the patient unsuitable for trial participation
  • Participants who have pregnant partners must use a condom and those with partners of childbearing potential must use a condom and another adequate birth control measure if engaging in sexual activities during the study treatment period and for at least 3 months after last dose of enzalutamide and 6 months after the last dose of Ra223. A highly effective method of birth control is defined as those which result in low failure rate (i.e. less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly
  • Absence of any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule; those conditions should be discussed with the patient before registration in the trial
  • Before patient randomization, written informed consent must be given according to ICH/GCP, and national/local regulations
  • For participation in translational research, specific consent must be given. Important note: All eligibility criteria must be adhered to, in case of deviation discussion with EORTC Headquarters and study coordinator is mandatory

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No known history of central nervous system metastases or leptomeningeal tumor spread.
  • No significant cardiovascular disease including:

    1. Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to screening
    2. Uncontrolled angina within 3 months prior to screening
    3. Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV, or patients with history of congestive heart failure NYHA class III or IV in the past, unless a screening echocardiogram or multi-gated acquisition scan (MUGA) performed within 3 months results in a left ventricular ejection fraction that is ≥ 45%
    4. History of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (e.g., ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, torsades de pointes)
    5. History of Mobitz II second degree or third degree heart block without a permanent pacemaker in place
    6. Uncontrolled hypertension as indicated by a resting systolic blood pressure > 170 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 105 mm Hg at screening
    7. Hypotension as indicated by systolic blood pressure < 86 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) at screening
    8. Bradycardia as indicated by a heart rate of < 45 beats per minute on the screening ECG and on physical examination
  • patients having received docetaxel for CRPC are excluded.
  • No prior treatment with enzalutamide or Ra223
  • No prior and concomitant treatment with Cyp17 inhibitors (abiraterone, orteronel) and ketoconazole
  • No prior hemibody external radiotherapy. Patients who received other types of prior external radiotherapy are allowed provided that the bone marrow function is assessed and meets the protocol requirements for hemoglobin, absolute neutrophil count and platelets
  • No prior therapy with other radionuclides (e.g., strontium-89, samarium-153, rhenium-186, or rhenium-188)
  • No involvement in another therapeutic trial involving an experimental drug
  • No anticancer therapy or treatment with another investigational agent within the last 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • No known hypersensitivity to compounds related to enzalutamide or Ra223
  • No prior history of malignancies other than prostate adenocarcinoma (except patients with basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, in-situ carcinoma or low-grade superficial bladder cancer), or the patient has been free of malignancy for a period of 3 years prior to randomization date
  • No history of seizure, including any febrile seizure, loss of consciousness, or transient ischemic attack within 12 months of enrollment (registration date), or any condition that may pre-dispose to seizure (e.g., prior stroke, brain arterio-venous malformation, head trauma with loss of consciousness requiring hospitalization)
  • No major surgery within 4 weeks prior to treatment
  • No intake of narcotic analgesia for bone pain
  • No drug or alcohol abuse
  • No other serious illness or medical condition, such as but not limited to:

    1. Any infection ≥ Grade 2 according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) version 4
    2. No gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption (e.g., gastrectomy or active peptic ulcer disease)
    3. Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
    4. Bone marrow dysplasia
    5. Fecal incontinence
    6. Life-threatening illness unrelated to cancer
  • No condition which, in the investigator's opinion, makes the patient unsuitable for trial participation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02194842


Contacts
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Contact: EORTC +32 2 774 16 46 1333@eortc.org

Locations
Show Show 73 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Bayer
Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd.
UNICANCER
Canadian Urologic Oncology Group
Latin American Cooperative Oncology Group
Cancer Trials Ireland
Investigators
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Study Chair: Bertrand Tombal, Prof Cliniques Universitaires de Saint Luc
Study Chair: Silke Gillessen, Prof Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland - Ospedale San Giovanni
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Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02194842    
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-1333-GUCG
2014-001787-36 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: July 18, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 13, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
metastatic
prostate cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases