An Adherence Tool to Manage Narcotic -Addicted HIV Patients
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02194764|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 18, 2014
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Healthy Adults||Drug: Naltrexone and 2-butanol Drug: 2-butanol which is encapsulated (size 3 capsule) plus 50 mg of naltrexone (HCl form)||Not Applicable|
This study will have two parts. In the first part we will create eight SMART capsule-based naltrexone systems using 4 general types of pharma formulation strategies. Model naltrexone (50mg) formulations containing the GRAS taggant, 2-butanol (40 or 80 mg) will be prepared and preliminary stability studies executed. Type 1 is a hydrophobic system, Type 2 is a hydrophilic system, Type 3 is a reverse micelle system and Type 4 is a water-in-oil microemulsion system. All formulations will be prepared using USP-grade excipients, 2-butanol, naltrexone base and naltrexone HCl. Naltrexone HCl has significant water solubility and will be used in the preparation of formulation types 2 and 4, whereas the more lipid soluble free base of naltrexone will be used in formulation types 1 and 3. Manufacturer's specifications supplied by Capsugel will be used to determine compatibility between the capsule material and the proposed excipients, and will guide capsule selection (gelatin or HPMC).Prepared formulations will be characterized by particle size analysis and analyzed to determine the actual concentrations of naltrexone and 2-butanol. Particle sizing will be accomplished by dynamic light scattering using a 90Plus particle size analyzer. With formulation types 1 and 2, the technique will demonstrate the homogeneity of the mixture and the absence of particulates. With types 3 and 4, particle size distributions will be measured to confirm the presence of monodisperse reverse micelles or nanoscale droplets. The concentration of naltrexone in each final formulation will be verified by Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and /or Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC). The concentration of 2-butanol will be determined by gas chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Following the initial characterization, the formulations will be stored in sealed vials and placed in ICH standard stability conditions and tested at weekly intervals over 1, 3 and 6 months. The three outstanding formulation candidates will be selected to use in part two of the study.
In the second part the three formulations will be selected from those meeting the criteria for stability, solubility, particle size, color and concentration of 2-butanol in the first part of the study. Each of these formulations will be prepared by a certified pharmacy. In addition to the three selected naltrexone formulations, a fourth dosage form, a capsule-in-capsule (CIC) design, will be prepared in the pharmacy by incorporating 40 or 80 mg (determined from the first part of the study) of 2-butanol which is encapsulated (size 3 capsule) plus 50 mg of naltrexone (HCI form) in a size 0 double blind hard gel capsule. This capsule-in-capsule design will serve as a formulation-free positive control.
Note: All naltrexone formulations, which will be administered to human subjects, will contain quantities of excipients/components already designated by the FDA as being safe (e.g., inactive ingredient list, permissible daily exposure [PDE], GRAS/direct food additive designation).
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||8 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)|
|Official Title:||A Breath-based Naltrexone Adherence Tool to Manage Narcotic-addicted HIV Patients.|
|Study Start Date :||June 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 2014|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 2014|
Experimental: Expirimental Formulation
Participants will be administered a single encapsulated dose of the test formulation (Model Naltrexone 50mg containing 2-butanol). Breath samples will be taken over 90 minutes (-5, 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 90). Subjects will then be randomly crossed over to the four interventions (Formulation 1, Formulation 2, Formulation 3, Formulation-free positive control) three formulations from the first part of the study and a control administration (a capsule-in-capsule design).
Drug: Naltrexone and 2-butanol
50mg of Naltrexone and 40 or 80 mg of 2-butanol (depending on Stability Formulation in the first part of the study)
Drug: 2-butanol which is encapsulated (size 3 capsule) plus 50 mg of naltrexone (HCl form)
a capsule-in-capsule (CIC) design, will be prepared in the pharmacy by incorporating 40 or 80 mg (determined from the first part of the study) of 2-butanol which is encapsulated (size 3 capsule) plus 50 mg of naltrexone (HCl form) in a size 0 double blind hard gel capsule.
- Concentration of 2-butanol determined by gas chromatography mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) [ Time Frame: Weekly intervals over 1, 3 and 6 months. ]The primary outcome is to identify three outstanding candidates based on physiochemical principles and the concentration of 2-butanol determined by GC-MS. Following the initial characterization, the formulations will be stored in sealed vials and placed in ICH standard stability conditions and tested at weekly intervals over 1, 3 and 6 months.
- breath concentration versus time [ Time Frame: -5, 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 90 min ]The relationship between the breath concentration (measured via mGC-MOS and gas chromatography mass spectroscopy [GC-MS]) of 2-butanol (taggant) and 2-butanone (metabolite) versus time will be determined after the oral administration of 3 promising naltrexone formulations selected from part of 1 of the study and a positive control.
- Breath Pharmacokinetics (Cmax) of the Naltrexone Formulations [ Time Frame: -5, 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 90 ]The secondary outcome will be to examine the breath pharmacokinetics of 2-butanol, 2-butanone, and cyclopropylcarboxaldehyde [CPCA, a natural metabolite of naltrexone] in human subjects following oral administration of the three selected naltrexone formulations or a positive control containing 2-butanol. Using an endpoint of differing CMAX in a repeated measures design, a difference in means of approximately 150 ppb (parts-per-million based on molar concentration [not mass]), a standard deviation of 75 ppb (based on pilot studies of oral capsules), 8 subjects per group are required (n=8/group) for a ANOVA repeated measures design with maximal tolerated Type I and II errors of 0.05 and 0.20.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02194764
|United States, Florida|
|University of Florida|
|Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32611|
|Study Director:||Donn Dennis, M.D., F.A.H.A.||Xhale Smart, Inc.|