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An Adherence Tool to Manage Narcotic -Addicted HIV Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02194764
First Posted: July 18, 2014
Last Update Posted: July 18, 2014
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Xhale Assurance
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to develop a cost-effective breath-based medication adherence monitoring system that can monitor whether recovering opiate addicts actually take a specific treatment medication called naltrexone.

Condition Intervention
Healthy Adults Drug: Naltrexone and 2-butanol Drug: 2-butanol which is encapsulated (size 3 capsule) plus 50 mg of naltrexone (HCl form)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Official Title: A Breath-based Naltrexone Adherence Tool to Manage Narcotic-addicted HIV Patients.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Xhale Assurance:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Concentration of 2-butanol determined by gas chromatography mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) [ Time Frame: Weekly intervals over 1, 3 and 6 months. ]
    The primary outcome is to identify three outstanding candidates based on physiochemical principles and the concentration of 2-butanol determined by GC-MS. Following the initial characterization, the formulations will be stored in sealed vials and placed in ICH standard stability conditions and tested at weekly intervals over 1, 3 and 6 months.

  • breath concentration versus time [ Time Frame: -5, 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 90 min ]
    The relationship between the breath concentration (measured via mGC-MOS and gas chromatography mass spectroscopy [GC-MS]) of 2-butanol (taggant) and 2-butanone (metabolite) versus time will be determined after the oral administration of 3 promising naltrexone formulations selected from part of 1 of the study and a positive control.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Breath Pharmacokinetics (Cmax) of the Naltrexone Formulations [ Time Frame: -5, 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 90 ]
    The secondary outcome will be to examine the breath pharmacokinetics of 2-butanol, 2-butanone, and cyclopropylcarboxaldehyde [CPCA, a natural metabolite of naltrexone] in human subjects following oral administration of the three selected naltrexone formulations or a positive control containing 2-butanol. Using an endpoint of differing CMAX in a repeated measures design, a difference in means of approximately 150 ppb (parts-per-million based on molar concentration [not mass]), a standard deviation of 75 ppb (based on pilot studies of oral capsules), 8 subjects per group are required (n=8/group) for a ANOVA repeated measures design with maximal tolerated Type I and II errors of 0.05 and 0.20.


Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: June 2014
Study Completion Date: July 2014
Primary Completion Date: July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Expirimental Formulation
Participants will be administered a single encapsulated dose of the test formulation (Model Naltrexone 50mg containing 2-butanol). Breath samples will be taken over 90 minutes (-5, 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 90). Subjects will then be randomly crossed over to the four interventions (Formulation 1, Formulation 2, Formulation 3, Formulation-free positive control) three formulations from the first part of the study and a control administration (a capsule-in-capsule design).
Drug: Naltrexone and 2-butanol
50mg of Naltrexone and 40 or 80 mg of 2-butanol (depending on Stability Formulation in the first part of the study)
Drug: 2-butanol which is encapsulated (size 3 capsule) plus 50 mg of naltrexone (HCl form)
a capsule-in-capsule (CIC) design, will be prepared in the pharmacy by incorporating 40 or 80 mg (determined from the first part of the study) of 2-butanol which is encapsulated (size 3 capsule) plus 50 mg of naltrexone (HCl form) in a size 0 double blind hard gel capsule.

Detailed Description:

This study will have two parts. In the first part we will create eight SMART capsule-based naltrexone systems using 4 general types of pharma formulation strategies. Model naltrexone (50mg) formulations containing the GRAS taggant, 2-butanol (40 or 80 mg) will be prepared and preliminary stability studies executed. Type 1 is a hydrophobic system, Type 2 is a hydrophilic system, Type 3 is a reverse micelle system and Type 4 is a water-in-oil microemulsion system. All formulations will be prepared using USP-grade excipients, 2-butanol, naltrexone base and naltrexone HCl. Naltrexone HCl has significant water solubility and will be used in the preparation of formulation types 2 and 4, whereas the more lipid soluble free base of naltrexone will be used in formulation types 1 and 3. Manufacturer's specifications supplied by Capsugel will be used to determine compatibility between the capsule material and the proposed excipients, and will guide capsule selection (gelatin or HPMC).Prepared formulations will be characterized by particle size analysis and analyzed to determine the actual concentrations of naltrexone and 2-butanol. Particle sizing will be accomplished by dynamic light scattering using a 90Plus particle size analyzer. With formulation types 1 and 2, the technique will demonstrate the homogeneity of the mixture and the absence of particulates. With types 3 and 4, particle size distributions will be measured to confirm the presence of monodisperse reverse micelles or nanoscale droplets. The concentration of naltrexone in each final formulation will be verified by Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and /or Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC). The concentration of 2-butanol will be determined by gas chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Following the initial characterization, the formulations will be stored in sealed vials and placed in ICH standard stability conditions and tested at weekly intervals over 1, 3 and 6 months. The three outstanding formulation candidates will be selected to use in part two of the study.

In the second part the three formulations will be selected from those meeting the criteria for stability, solubility, particle size, color and concentration of 2-butanol in the first part of the study. Each of these formulations will be prepared by a certified pharmacy. In addition to the three selected naltrexone formulations, a fourth dosage form, a capsule-in-capsule (CIC) design, will be prepared in the pharmacy by incorporating 40 or 80 mg (determined from the first part of the study) of 2-butanol which is encapsulated (size 3 capsule) plus 50 mg of naltrexone (HCI form) in a size 0 double blind hard gel capsule. This capsule-in-capsule design will serve as a formulation-free positive control.

Note: All naltrexone formulations, which will be administered to human subjects, will contain quantities of excipients/components already designated by the FDA as being safe (e.g., inactive ingredient list, permissible daily exposure [PDE], GRAS/direct food additive designation).

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to understand and provide written informed consent
  • Subject is at least 18 Years of Age
  • Subject must be willing to comply with study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • <18 years
  • Subject has a history of opioid use disorder
  • current chronic opioid therapy or recent (past week) acute opioid therapy,
  • currently pregnant
  • contraindications to naltrexone use per FDA label.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02194764


Locations
United States, Florida
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32611
Sponsors and Collaborators
Xhale Assurance
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Investigators
Study Director: Donn Dennis, M.D., F.A.H.A. Xhale Smart, Inc.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Xhale Assurance
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02194764     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2012115600086371
1R43DA028740-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: July 15, 2014
First Posted: July 18, 2014
Last Update Posted: July 18, 2014
Last Verified: July 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Naltrexone
Narcotics
Narcotic Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Analgesics