Impact Study of Workplace Mental Health Education on Early Intervention for Healthcare Workers With Mental Health Issues
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02158871|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 9, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 17, 2016
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Mental Health Impairment||Behavioral: Beyond Silence Behavioral: Mental Health First Aid (MHFA)||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||216 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Beyond Silence: Comparing the Impact of Contact-based Education With Mental Health Literacy Training on Early Intervention for Healthcare Workers With Mental Health Issues|
|Study Start Date :||May 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 2016|
Experimental: Contact-based mental health education
The "Beyond Silence' program is 12 hours in length: six 1.5-2 hour in-person group sessions every other week, plus five online sessions between each of the in-person sessions.
Behavioral: Beyond Silence
Pilot data from initial phases of the project and best practice principles in contact based education and adult learning theory informed curriculum design. The six in-person sessions use workplace-based vignettes to prompt reflection and discussion, build mental health literacy, reduce stigma, and promote communication and coping skill development. The virtual sessions use a secure online discussion board for participants to explore relevant online resources. All sessions will be co-led by trained peer educators; employees who have personally experienced mental ill health and recovery and are viewed as credible leaders within the organization. They will be recruited and trained to effectively teach the content, share personal experiences, and facilitate discussion.
Other Name: Contact-based mental health education
Active Comparator: Mental health literacy training
"Mental Health First Aid" training consists of twelve hours of standardized, module-based mental health literacy training offered in a group format. It will be offered as 2 full-day training sessions (or four half-day sessions).
Behavioral: Mental Health First Aid (MHFA)
MHFA is a standardized, twelve-hour educational program designed to teach participants how to recognize the early warning signs of mental illness, how to provide initial help to someone in a mental health crisis, and how to support people who are developing mental health problems. It is an evidence-based approach that originated in Australia, but is being implemented across Canada, under the leadership of the Mental Health Commission of Canada. Leadership of the MHFA will be provided by an employee in each organization who has been trained through the 5-day national MHFA instructor training program. The instructor does not share any personal experiences regarding mental health issues.
Other Name: Mental health literacy training
- Change from baseline in help-seeking behavior [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-intervention, 3 month follow-up ]Participants will be asked to report whether they accessed any services from a list of 10 health, workplace and community service options. Questions regarding service utilization are adapted from the 2012/2012 Canadian Community Health survey, in order to provide a population reference, plus several work-related services (eg. EAP, union) are added as an option. Participants may endorse more than one of the behaviors, and a summative score of the number of behaviors will be used to measure change in help-seeking.
- Change from baseline in help-outreach behavior [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-intervention, 3 month follow-up ]Self-report of personal contact with a co-worker about mental health problems (yes/no), and any contact over the past 6 months (yes/no). If contact did occur, participants will be asked whether they provided help to the co-worker, and if so, to identify the type of help from a list of 10 possible options. The list of "outreach" behaviors was based on Mental Health First Aid program evaluation (e.g. 'spent time listening to problem', 'recommend professional help'), with an adaptation to include a several work-specific options (e.g., 'recommend EAP', 'offered assistance with job duties'). Participants are invited to check all behaviors that apply (with an open-ended option), and scoring is based on one point per action, with a summative score used to track change. In addition to the behavior list, participants will be asked to rate their confidence in providing help on a 7 point Likert scale.
- Change from baseline in degree of stigma towards co-workers with a mental illness [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-intervention, 3 month follow-up ]The Mental Health Commission of Canada Opening Minds Scale for Healthcare Providers will be used; a 20-item questionnaire designed to evaluate the attitudes of healthcare providers towards people with mental illness. The tool has good internal consistency (α=.82), and satisfactory test-retest reliability (ICC=.66), with limited impact of social desirability.
- Change from baseline in mental health literacy [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-intervention, 3 month follow-up ]Four vignettes of employees with workplace mental health issues will be used to assess awareness of issues and when/how to respond to these issues in the workplace. The vignettes are adapted for a healthcare workplace based on a review of vignettes reported in the literature, as well as analysis of key issues reported in the pilot phase of the study. Vignettes will incorporate differences in gender, nature and severity of illness, and a 7 point Likert scale from novice to expert will be used to track key dimensions of literacy, including perceived knowledge about the condition, what to say/do and what resources to access.
- Change from baseline in attitudes toward professional help-seeking for mental health issues [ Time Frame: Baseline, post-intervention, 3 month follow-up ]The Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale-short form (ATSPPHS), a 10 question survey using a four point Likert-type scale response will be used to track beliefs and intent to seek professional help. It is a widely used scale with good internal consistency (α=.78), and criterion validity supported by links between scale scores and mental healthcare use.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02158871
|Hamilton Health Sciences|
|Hamilton, Ontario, Canada|
|St. Joseph's Healthcare|
|Hamilton, Ontario, Canada|
|Principal Investigator:||Sandra E Moll, PhD||McMaster University|