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Study to Assess the Effects of Allergic Rhinitis and Co-administration of Mometasone or Oxymetazoline on the Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Intranasal Esketamine

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02154334
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 3, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 24, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of allergic rhinitis (group of symptoms affecting the nose) and co-administration of mometasone or oxymetazoline on the pharmacokinetics (explores what the body does to the drug), safety, and tolerability of intranasal (administered through the nose) esketamine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Allergic Rhinitis Drug: Esketamine Drug: Mometasone Drug: Oxymetazoline Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase 1, single-center, open -label (all people know the identity of the intervention) study of intranasal esketamine in two cohorts: Cohort 1 will be healthy participants assigned to a fixed treatment sequence and Cohort 2 will be participants with nasal rhinitis randomized to 1 of 2 treatment sequences. For all participants, the study comprises 3 phases: a Screening phase (up to 21 days), an Open Label Treatment phase (includes 2 treatment periods; Period 1 and Period 2) and Follow-up phase (10 +/-2 days after last dose of esketamine).

Total study duration for participants in Cohort 1 is up to 52 days which includes Screening phase, Period 1 (3 days) where participants will self-administer a 56 milligram (mg) intranasal dose of esketamine solution on Day 1 and Period 2 (16 days) where participants will self-administer 200 microgram (mcg) of intranasal mometasone suspension on Day 1 (which will begin immediately following the 30 hour pharmacokinetic sample of Period 1) to Day 15, and then 200 mcg of intranasal mometasone suspension prior to a 56 mg dose of intranasal esketamine solution on Day 16 and the follow-up phase. Total study duration for participants in Cohort 2 is up to 44 days which includes Screening phase, Period 1 and Period 2 each of 3 days with a washout period of 5 to 10 days in-between esketamine dosing, and the follow-up phase. Cohort 2 participants will be randomly assigned to either treatment Sequence 1 or 2, wherein Sequence 1 comprises a 56 mg intranasal dose of esketamine solution alone in period 1 followed by period 2 which comprises a pretreatment with oxymetazoline 0.05 percent (%) weight by volume (w/v) solution 1 hour before administration of a 56 mg intranasal dose of esketamine solution. Sequence 2 comprises of a pretreatment with oxymetazoline 0.05 % w/v solution 1 hour before administration of a 56 mg intranasal dose of esketamine solution in Period 1 followed by period 2 which comprises a 56 mg intranasal dose of esketamine solution alone. Blood samples will be collected for evaluation of pharmacokinetic parameters of intranasal esketamine in healthy participants and participants with allergic rhinitis. Participants' safety will be monitored throughout the study.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 47 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label Study to Assess the Effects of Allergic Rhinitis and Coadministration of Mometasone or Oxymetazoline on the Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Intranasal Esketamine
Study Start Date : June 2014
Primary Completion Date : October 2014
Study Completion Date : October 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1
One Intranasal spray of 14 milligram (mg) esketamine solution in each nostril on Day 1 at time 0 and 5 minutes (total esketamine dose will be 56 mg) in Period 1 (Treatment A). Two intranasal sprays of 50 microgram (mcg) mometasone suspension in each nostril for a total dose of 200 mcg on days 1 to 15 and 2 intranasal sprays of 50 mcg mometasone suspension in each nostril for a total dose of 200 mcg at time -1 hour prior to 1 intranasal spray of 14 mg esketamine solution in each nostril at time 0 and 5 minutes, for a total dose of 56 mg on Day 16 in Period 2 (Treatment B).
Drug: Esketamine
Participants will self-administer one Intranasal spray of 14 mg esketamine solution in each nostril on Day 1 at time 0 and 5 minutes (total esketamine dose will be 56 mg) in Period 1 and Period 2.
Drug: Mometasone
Healthy participants will self-administer 2 intranasal sprays of 50 mcg mometasone suspension in each nostril for a total dose of 200 mcg on days 1 to 15 and 2 intranasal sprays of 50 mcg mometasone suspension in each nostril prior to 1 intranasal spray of esketamine solution 14 mg in each nostril at Time 0 and 5 minutes for a total dose of 56 mg on Day 16 in Period 2.
Experimental: Cohort 2: Sequence 1
One Intranasal spray of 14 mg esketamine solution in each nostril at time 0 and 5 minutes (total esketamine dose will be 56 mg) in Period 1 (Treatment A) and pretreatment with 2 sprays of oxymetazoline 0.05 percent (%) weight by volume (w/v) solution in each nostril at time -1 hour before administration of 1 Intranasal spray of 14 mg esketamine solution in each nostril at time 0 and 5 minutes, for a total dose of 56 mg in Period 2 (Treatment C).
Drug: Esketamine
Participants will self-administer one Intranasal spray of 14 mg esketamine solution in each nostril on Day 1 at time 0 and 5 minutes (total esketamine dose will be 56 mg) in Period 1 and Period 2.
Drug: Oxymetazoline
Nasal rhinitis participants will self-administer 2 intranasal sprays of Oxymetazoline 0.05% w/v solution in each nostril at time -1 hour before administration of 1 Intranasal spray of 14 mg esketamine solution in each nostril at time 0 and 5 minutes, for a total dose of 56 mg in Period 1or Period 2.
Experimental: Cohort 2: Sequence 2
Pretreatment with 2 sprays of oxymetazoline 0.05 percent (%) weight by volume (w/v) solution in each nostril at time -1 hour before administration of 1 Intranasal spray of 14 mg esketamine solution in each nostril at time 0 and 5 minutes, for a total dose of 56 mg in Period 1 (Treatment C) and 1 Intranasal spray of 14 mg esketamine solution in each nostril at time 0 and 5 minutes (total esketamine dose will be 56 mg) in Period 2 (Treatment A).
Drug: Esketamine
Participants will self-administer one Intranasal spray of 14 mg esketamine solution in each nostril on Day 1 at time 0 and 5 minutes (total esketamine dose will be 56 mg) in Period 1 and Period 2.
Drug: Oxymetazoline
Nasal rhinitis participants will self-administer 2 intranasal sprays of Oxymetazoline 0.05% w/v solution in each nostril at time -1 hour before administration of 1 Intranasal spray of 14 mg esketamine solution in each nostril at time 0 and 5 minutes, for a total dose of 56 mg in Period 1or Period 2.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 7, 12, 22, 32, 40, 50 minutes; 1, 1.25, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24 and 30 hours after study drug administration ]
    The Cmax is the maximum plasma concentration.

  2. Time to Reach Maximum Concentration (tmax) [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 7, 12, 22, 32, 40, 50 minutes; 1, 1.25, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24 and 30 hours after study drug administration ]
    The tmax is time to reach the maximum observed plasma concentration.

  3. Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time Zero to Infinite Time (AUC [0-infinity]) [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 7, 12, 22, 32, 40, 50 minutes; 1, 1.25, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24 and 30 hours after study drug administration ]
    The AUC (0-infinity) is the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to infinite time, calculated as the sum of AUC(0-last) and C(0-last)/lambda(z), wherein AUC(0-last) is area under the plasma concentration time curve from time zero to last quantifiable time; C(0-last) is the last observed quantifiable concentration; and lambda(z) is elimination rate constant.

  4. Elimination Half-Life (t [1/2] Lambda) [ Time Frame: 0 (pre-dose), 7, 12, 22, 32, 40, 50 minutes; 1, 1.25, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24 and 30 hours after study drug administration ]
    Elimination half-life (t [1/2] Lambda) is associated with the terminal slope (lambda [z]) of the semi logarithmic drug concentration-time curve, calculated as 0.693/lambda(z).

  5. Number of participants with adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Screening Up to 10 days after last study drug administration in Cohort 1 and Cohort 2 ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant administered a medicinal (investigational or non investigational) product and does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment. An SAE is any untoward medical occurrence that meets any of the following conditions: results in death, is life threatening, requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or is a congenital anomaly/birth defect.


Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female participant must be postmenopausal (no spontaneous menses for at least 2 years), surgically sterile, abstinent (abstinence is an acceptable means of birth control only if it is already established as the participant's usual and preferred lifestyle), or, if sexually active, be practicing an effective method of birth control (for example, prescription oral contraceptives, contraceptive injections, intrauterine device, double-barrier method, contraceptive patch, male partner sterilization) before entry and throughout the study
  • Body mass index (BMI) between 18 and 30 kilogram per square meter (kg/m^2) (inclusive), and body weight not less than 50 kilogram (kg)
  • Systolic blood pressure (after the participant is supine for 5 minutes) between 90 and 140 millimeter of mercury (mmHg) (inclusive) and diastolic blood pressure not more than 90 mmHg
  • Comfortable with self-administration of intranasal medication and able to follow instructions provided
  • A 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) consistent with normal cardiac conduction and function
  • For Cohort 2, participants should have a history of allergic rhinitis and a positive prick test for grass pollen at screening
  • For Cohort 2, participants must have a Total Nasal Symptoms Score (TNSS) greater than or equal to (>=) 6 with a nasal congestion score of >=2 (minimum for "moderate rhinitis") on at least one occasion while participants are in the ECC during screening

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current significant psychiatric (mental disorders) disorder including but not limited to psychotic (a person exhibiting mental illness), bipolar, major depressive or anxiety disorder
  • Clinically significant medical illness including (but not limited to) cardiac arrhythmias (irregular heart beat) or other cardiac disease, hematologic disease, coagulation disorders (including any abnormal bleeding or blood dyscrasias [disorder of blood]), lipid abnormalities, significant pulmonary (having to do with the lungs) disease, including bronchospastic respiratory disease, diabetes mellitus (disorder in which there is decreased insulin in the body or the body's insulin is not effective, resulting in high blood sugar, increased thirst and urine, and many other side effects), renal or hepatic insufficiency, thyroid disease, neurologic disease, infection, hypertension or vascular disorders, kidney or urinary tract disturbances, sleep apnea (breathing problems while sleeping), myasthenia gravis (disorder that causes muscles to get tired quickly), or any other illness that the Investigator considers should exclude the participant or that could interfere with the interpretation of the study results
  • Use of any prescription or nonprescription medication, within 14 days before the first scheduled dose of the study drug
  • Anatomical or medical conditions that may delay delivery or absorption of study medication (for example. undergone facial reconstructions, structural or functional abnormalities of the nose or upper airway; obstructions or mucosal lesions [any visible local abnormality of the tissues of the skin] of the nostrils or nasal passages; undergone sinus [a depression or cavity formed by a bending or curving] surgery in the previous 2 years; or signs and symptoms of upper respiratory infection, rhinitis [Cohort 1 only], active allergies [Cohort 1 only], or has a history of frequent sinus infections or complications)
  • Has an abnormal or deviated nasal septum (when the inner wall separating the two sides of the nose is off to one side) with any 1 or more of the following symptoms: blockage of 1 or both nostrils, nasal congestion (especially 1- sided), frequent nosebleeds, frequent sinus infections, noisy breathing during sleep, facial pain, headaches, and postnasal drip
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02154334


Locations
Germany
Hannover, Germany
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
More Information

Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02154334     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR104359
ESKETINTRD1007 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research and Development, LLC )
2014-000534-38 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: June 3, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 24, 2015
Last Verified: December 2015

Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Allergic Rhinitis
Healthy
Esketamine
Mometasone
Oxymetazoline
Phase 1

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rhinitis
Rhinitis, Allergic
Nose Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Mometasone Furoate
Oxymetazoline
Phenylephrine
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Anti-Allergic Agents
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sympathomimetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Nasal Decongestants
Vasoconstrictor Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Cardiotonic Agents