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Controlled Human Malaria Infection After Bites From Mosquitoes Infected With Two Novel P. Falciparum Strains

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02149550
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 29, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 24, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Havenziekenhuis, Rotterdam
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radboud University

Brief Summary:

An effective vaccine against malaria is urgently needed to combat the scourge of this disease. Before candidate vaccines can be tested in endemic countries, they are first tested in human volunteers in so-called Controlled Human Malaria Infections (CHMI's). Ideally, a candidate vaccine should be tested against multiple strains of malaria, representative of the disease's global distribution. Recently we compared, for the first time, infections with the novel malaria strains NF135 and NF166 to those with the broadly-used and well-characterised strain NF54.

The purpose of the current study is to optimise the course of infections with these novel strains by determining the minimum number of infectious bites necessary to reliably induce a malaria infection.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malaria Other: NF135 n=5 Other: NF135 n=2 Other: NF135 n=1 Other: NF166 n=5 Other: NF166 n=2 Other: NF166 n=1 Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) malaria remains responsible for an intolerable burden of morbidity worldwide and an effective vaccine is sorely needed to aid control efforts. Before candidate malaria vaccines can enter full-scale (phase IIb) field trials in endemic areas, they must first be tested under controlled circumstances in (phase IIa) Controlled Human Malaria Infection (CHMI) studies. Since Pf isolates display a wide genetic diversity across the globe, phase IIa challenge infections should be conducted with both homologous and heterologous strains.

Since 1998 a highly successful Controlled Human Malaria Infection model at the UMC St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, has been employed both to test candidate vaccines and to answer fundamental questions about pathophysiological and immunological mechanisms during early Pf infection in human volunteers. To date largely the NF54 strain of P. falciparum has been used in this Nijmegen model, with which extensive experience has meanwhile been acquired. In order to increase the portfolio of Pf strains available for future phase IIa studies, we recently compared NF54 to the novel candidate strains NF135.C10 and NF166.C8 with regards to parasitological, clinical and immunological characteristics during a Controlled Human Malaria Infection (TIP3 study, NCT01627951). The pre-patent period in all NF135- and NF166-infected subjects was markedly shorter than in NF54-infected subjects, following the bites of 5 infected mosquitoes on each subject. The current study will therefore assess whether NF135 and NF166 infections can still reliably be induced with fewer than 5 infected bites per subject. This will envisionably increase the tolerability of NF135 and NF166 infections and render their dynamics more similar to those of NF54 infections, for better comparison in future heterologous challenge studies.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Controlled Human Malaria Infection After Bites From Mosquitoes Infected With NF135.C10 or NF166.C8 Plasmodium Falciparum Parasites (BMGF2a)
Study Start Date : August 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: NF135 n=5
Subjects will be infected with the NF135.C10 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bites of 5 infected Anopheline mosquitoes
Other: NF135 n=5
Subjects will be infected with the NF135.C10 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bites of 5 infected Anopheline mosquitoes.
Experimental: NF135 n=2
Subjects will be infected with the NF135.C10 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bites of 2 infected Anopheline mosquitoes
Other: NF135 n=2
Subjects will be infected with the NF135.C10 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bites of 2 infected Anopheline mosquitoes.
Experimental: NF135 n=1
Subjects will be infected with the NF135.C10 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bite of 1 infected Anopheline mosquito
Other: NF135 n=1
Subjects will be infected with the NF135.C10 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bite of 1 infected Anopheline mosquito.
Active Comparator: NF166 n=5
Subjects will be infected with the NF166.C8 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bites of 5 infected Anopheline mosquitoes
Other: NF166 n=5
Subjects will be infected with the NF166.C8 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bites of 5 infected Anopheline mosquitoes.
Experimental: NF166 n=2
Subjects will be infected with the NF166.C8 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bites of 2 infected Anopheline mosquitoes
Other: NF166 n=2
Subjects will be infected with the NF166.C8 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bites of 2 infected Anopheline mosquitoes.
Experimental: NF166 n=1
Subjects will be infected with the NF166.C8 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bite of 1 infected Anopheline mosquito
Other: NF166 n=1
Subjects will be infected with the NF166.C8 strain of Plasmodium falciparum through the bite of 1 infected Anopheline mosquito.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of subjects in each group who develop patent parasitaemia as assessed by QRT-PCR [ Time Frame: between day 5 and day 13 ]
    Parasitaemia will be measured twice daily by QRT-PCR in venous whole blood, from day 5 post-infection until PCR-positive, or else until day 13 post-infection if subjects have not yet developed a positive PCR before then.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to patent parasitaemia in each group as assessed by QRT-PCR [ Time Frame: between day 5 and day 13 ]
    Parasitaemia will be measured twice daily by QRT-PCR in venous whole blood, from day 5 post-infection until PCR-positive, or else until day 13 post-infection if subjects have not yet developed a positive PCR before then.

  2. Magnitude of first peak of parasitaemia in each group as assessed by QRT-PCR [ Time Frame: between day 5 and day 13 ]
    Parasitaemia will be measured twice daily by QRT-PCR in venous whole blood, from day 5 post-infection until PCR-positive, or else until day 13 post-infection if subjects have not yet developed a positive PCR before then.

  3. Frequency of malaria-related symptoms and signs in each group [ Time Frame: between day 0 and day 35 ]
    Symptoms and signs will be assessed at twice daily check-up visits from day 5 post-infection until three days after thick smear positivity, or else until day 16 post-infection, and then again on day 35-post infection.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject is aged ≥ 18 and ≤ 35 years and in good health.
  2. Subject has adequate understanding of the procedures of the study and agrees to abide strictly thereby.
  3. Subject is able to communicate well with the investigator, is available to attend all study visits, lives in proximity to the trial centre (<10 km) or (if >10km) is willing to stay in a hotel close to the trial centre during part of the study (day five post-infection until three days post-treatment). Furthermore the subject will remain within the Netherlands during the study period and is reachable (24/7) by mobile telephone throughout the entire study period.
  4. Subject agrees to inform his/her general practitioner and (if applicable) medical specialist about participation in the study and to sign a request to release by the GP any relevant medical information concerning possible contra-indications for participation in the study.
  5. Subject agrees to refrain from blood donation to Sanquin or for other purposes throughout the study period and for a defined period thereafter according to current Sanquin guidelines.
  6. For female subjects: subject agrees to use adequate contraception and not to breastfeed for the duration of study.
  7. Subject has signed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any history, or evidence at screening, of clinically significant symptoms, physical signs or abnormal laboratory values suggestive of systemic conditions, such as cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, neurological, dermatological, endocrine, malignant, haematological, infectious, immunodeficient, psychiatric and other disorders, which could compromise the health of the volunteer during the study or interfere with the interpretation of the study results. These include, but are not limited to, any of the following:

    1.1 Body weight <50 kg or Body Mass Index (BMI) <18.0 or >30.0 kg/m2 at screening 1.2 A heightened risk of cardiovascular disease, defined as: an estimated ten year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease of ≥5% at screening, as determined by the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE); history, or evidence at screening, of clinically significant arrhythmia's, prolonged QT-interval or other clinically relevant ECG abnormalities; or a positive family history of cardiac events in 1st or 2nd degree relatives <50 years old.

    1.3 Functional asplenia, sickle cell trait/disease, thalassaemia trait/disease or G6PD deficiency.

    1.4 History of epilepsy in the period of five years prior to study onset, even if no longer on medication.

    1.5 Positive HIV, HBV or HCV screening tests. 1.6 Chronic use of i) immunosuppressive drugs, ii) antibiotics, iii) or other immune modifying drugs within three months prior to study onset (inhaled and topical corticosteroids and oral anti-histamines exempted) or expected use of such during the study period.

    1.7 History of malignancy of any organ system (other than localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin), treated or untreated, within the past 5 years 1.8 Any history of treatment for severe psychiatric disease by a psychiatrist in the past year.

    1.9 History of drug or alcohol abuse interfering with normal social function in the period of one year prior to study onset, or positive urine toxicology test for cocaine or amphetamines at screening or prior to infection.

  2. For female subjects: positive urine pregnancy test at screening or prior to infection.
  3. Any history of malaria, positive serology for P. falciparum, or previous participation in any malaria (vaccine) study.
  4. Known hypersensitivity to or contra-indications (including co-medication) for use of atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone®) or artemether-lumefantrine (Riamet®), or history of severe (allergic) reactions to mosquito bites.
  5. Receipt of any vaccinations in the 3 months prior to the start of the study or plans to receive any other vaccinations during the study period or up to 8 weeks thereafter.
  6. Participation in any other clinical study in the 30 days prior to the start of the study or during the study period.
  7. Being an employee or student of the department of Medical Microbiology of the Radboudumc, the department of Internal Medicine or Laboratory of the Havenziekenhuis or the department of Medical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases of the Erasmus MC.
  8. Any other condition or situation that would, in the opinion of the investigator, place the subject at an unacceptable risk of injury or render the subject unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02149550


Locations
Netherlands
UMC St Radboud
Nijmegen, Netherlands
Havenziekenhuis
Rotterdam, Netherlands
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radboud University
Havenziekenhuis, Rotterdam
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Perry van Genderen, MD, PhD Havenziekenhuis

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Radboud University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02149550     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BMGF2a
First Posted: May 29, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 24, 2014
Last Verified: November 2014

Keywords provided by Radboud University:
Plasmodium falciparum
malaria

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases