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A Phase 1 Study of Substance P-Saporin in Terminal Cancer Patients With Intractable Pain

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02036281
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 15, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 15, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:

The subjects will be treated with a single dose of SP-SAP. They will receive the study drug SP-SAP via a percutaneous intraspinal catheter, they will be monitored for 4 hours and required to stay in the hospital for 24 hours for precautionary care. Their vital signs will be monitored and recorded immediately following the injection. After the catheter has been removed, the following assessments will be made physical exam including motor and sensory functions, and electrocardiogram. A neurologist will be available for consultation as needed.

Beginning dose of SP-SAP will be 1 -mcg for the first cohort.

Subsequent single patient dose cohorts as 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64 and 90 mcg intrathecally (into the spine). SP-SAP will be accrued and treated after four weeks observation for toxicities between cohorts.

Study duration will be up to 6 months from the start of SP-SAP administration.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Terminally Ill Histologically-confirmed Advanced Cancer Pain, Intractable Drug: Substance P-Saporin Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Screening (-7 days to Day 0)

  • Physical exam and medical history;
  • Vital signs;
  • Blood tests;
  • Pain measurements (6 daily pain questionnaires for 7 days prior to receiving study drug);
  • Urine tests;
  • Pregnancy test;
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG), a tracing of the electrical activity of the heart;
  • Collection of demographic information (age, sex, ethnic origin);

Study Drug:

SP-SAP will be administered via a spinal injection. Depending on when the subject is enrolled in the study, the dose of SP-SAP will be between 1 and 90 micrograms of SP-SAP

Therapy:

Subject will arrive at the UTSW Eugene McDermott Center for Pain Management 2 hours prior to treatment. The following will take place:

  • Physical exam;
  • Pain measurements (6 pain questionnaires);
  • EKG;
  • The subject will have a catheter inserted into their spine and will receive the study drug intrathecally (into their spine). The catheter will remain in their spine for 4 hours. Less than 1 tablespoon of spinal fluid will be collected for research purposes; and
  • They will remain in the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Hospital for 24 hours for observation as a precaution.

Follow-Up will occur weekly for 8 weeks and then monthly for 4 months as needed.

During these visits the following will take place:

  • Physical exam (including sensory and motor skills) and medical history;
  • Vital signs;
  • Two tablespoons of blood will be drawn from your arm by needle stick for blood tests;
  • Pain measurements (6 pain questionnaires);
  • Urine tests; and
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG), a tracing of the electrical activity of the heart.

The subject will be asked to keep a diary to record any nausea and vomiting as well as a medication log to record the pain medications and dosage that they take between visits.

Each visit will take approximately 2 hours to complete

4 Month Follow-Up Informational data on the level of pain, adverse events, and sensory and motor function will be collected for the remaining 4 months of the study or until time of death. This information may be collected via patient diary, office visit or telephone interview.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of Substance P-Saporin in Terminal Cancer Patients With Intractable Pain
Study Start Date : January 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 28, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : September 28, 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SP-SAP ARM
The first subject will be enrolled in the 1-mcg SP-SAP cohort. A percutaneous intraspinal catheter will be placed at the L5-S1 interspace and the catheter advanced 4-5 cm into the intrathecal space under fluoroscopic guidance. To confirm location, CSF will be aspirated and radioopaque contrast dye injected. 1-mL study drug will be mixed with 1-mL patient CSF fluid and administered intrathecally via the catheter. The catheter will be flushed with 1 mL bolus of saline. Four hours after injection (+15 min), the catheter will be removed and the exit site treated with Neosporin ointment and sterilely dressed. Subjects will be monitored in the recovery room for 4 hours and in the hospital for 24 hours and discharged home. Patients only receive a single IT dose.
Drug: Substance P-Saporin



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Evaluation Criteria [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    The response criteria are based on achievement of a 20% reduction in chronic pain or opioid dose within eight weeks of treatment as assessed by at least two of the measured parameters: VAS "pain bothersomeness." VAS "pain intensity," ODI, SF-36, EQ-5D, BDI, and medication use log. Safe doses of opioids will be determined by referring physician and symptoms are refractory if at maximal safe dose of opioids (not associated with severe side effects), the VAS score remains elevated above 3.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety Tolerability [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Analyses will be performed for all subjects having received at least one dose of study drug. The study will use the CTCAE version 4.0 for reporting of non-hematologic adverse events



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥ 18 years
  2. Signed informed consent
  3. Terminally ill cancer patients with intractable chronic pain in the pelvis, lower abdomen, back, or spine. "Terminal" refers to ≤ six-month life expectancy. "Intractable" is defined as pain uncontrolled with medications or procedures.
  4. Minimal expected survival time of one month
  5. ECOG Performance status of 0 - 3
  6. Able to verbally report pain
  7. Able to indicate pain on a VAS
  8. Able to perform motor/sensory tests
  9. Able to undergo a 4-h intrathecal catheter placement
  10. Other therapeutic and palliative options have been exhausted

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Concurrent therapy with an investigational agent
  2. Concurrent radiation or chemotherapy
  3. Pregnancy or failure to use effective contraception in fertile males or females, and breast-feeding females. For all female patients of child-bearing potential, a negative pregnancy test (serum or urine) within ten days before start of the study treatment must be obtained. Female patients must agree to use effective contraception, or must be surgically sterile, or must be postmenopausal. Acceptable forms of birth control are: spermicide with condom, diaphragm, or cervical cap, IUD-intrauterine device, birth control pills, or abstinence. The rhythm method or Plan B are not considered acceptable forms of birth control. Male patients must agree to use effective contraception or be surgically sterile.
  4. Diagnosis of intractable chronic pain of the chest, head, neck or upper extremities.
  5. Active infection or ulcer at the lumbar injection site
  6. Inability to receive lumbar intrathecal injection because of other factors
  7. Diagnosis of meningitis or encephalitis
  8. Other severe, acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition that may increase the risk associated with study participation or, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for the study
  9. Comorbidities at particular risk (i.e., CNS, CNS metastases, hydrocephalus or coagulopathy)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02036281


Locations
United States, California
University of California, San Diego Mores Cancer Center
La Jolla, California, United States, 92093-0698
United States, Texas
UT Southwestern Medical Center Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Arthur Frankel, MD UT Southwestern Medical Center

Responsible Party: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02036281     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01875432
Other Study ID Numbers: STU 102013-010
First Posted: January 15, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 15, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center:
Terminally ill , histologically-confirmed advanced cancer
Pain unrelieved by opioids

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pain, Intractable
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Substance P
Neurokinin A
Saporin
Ribosome Inactivating Proteins
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors