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Cognitive Rehabilitation Versus Psychoeducation in Psychosocial Functioning of Borderline Personality Disorder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02033044
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 10, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 10, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jose Luis Carrasco, Hospital San Carlos, Madrid

Brief Summary:
Study design was a multicenter, randomized, rater-blind clinical trial. There were two-parallel arms (1:1) to evaluate functional, clinical and cognitive efficacy of a specific cognitive rehabilitation group intervention (CR) compared with a psychoeducational group intervention (PE) in subjects with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuropsychology Other: cognitive remediation Other: Psychoeducation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

To ensure the reliability among centers regarding the evaluation and the treatment fidelity, two meetings were organized before the start of the study to train therapists in the evaluations and interventions.

Clinical and neuropsychological evaluations before interventions were administered in different days since they lasted in general more than one hour each one and the effect of fatigue or boredom might affect the results. Clinical interviews were performed by experienced psychiatrists and psychologists during 3 months to ensure the follow-up of all participants prospectively. The following sociodemographic and clinical variables were collected: age at recruitment, gender, education level, occupational status, and pharmacological treatment. All participants were then randomized to receive CR or PE in a 1:1 ratio stratified by center, age, and education level. Randomization was accomplished with the use of computer-generated sequence.

During the study, subjects did not receive any other individual or group psychotherapy. All patients continued pharmacological treatment if it had been initiated prior to inclusion. Type and doses of medication could not be modified during the study period. Both interventions were applied in a group format and were conducted by two psychologists with experience in managing patients with BPD. Subjects were instructed not to disclose any information about the intervention to maintain blind conditions. Participants were evaluated at baseline, after completion of the intervention, and six months after the end of the interventions.

The study was conducted in accordance with the ethical principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and the approval of the Ethical Committee for this study was obtained. All subjects received extensive information about the study and provided written informed consent before they were enrolled in the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing the Effects on Psychosocial Functioning of Cognitive Rehabilitation Versus Psychoeducation in Borderline Personality Disorder
Study Start Date : April 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: cognitive remediation
Cognitive remediation programme in order to improve several cognitive domains.
Other: cognitive remediation
Cognitive Rehabilitation (CR). Consisted on group sessions (5 individuals per group) of 120-minutes, twice a week during a total period of 16 weeks (32 sessions). The exercises addressed neurocognitive issues related to sustained attention, processing speed, memory and executive functioning. The whole program aimed at getting new strategies to improve functional adaptation, thus tasks were carried out in the clinical setting and at home. Some homework tasks were based on their daily life difficulties and problems. The main objective of this program was the generalization of rehabilitated cognitive functions to daily life activities. Most of the techniques were based on a previous program for bipolar disorder.
Other Name: Cognitive rehabilitation

Active Comparator: Psychoeducation
Psychoeducation group in order to improve psychosocial functioning of patients.
Other: Psychoeducation
Psychoeducation (PE). The psychoeducation intervention consisted of 16 weekly group sessions of 5 individuals of 120 minutes each (16 sessions). This therapy aimed at improving illness' consciousness , interpersonal abilities, family balance, therapeutical adherence, emotional management in frustrating situations, problems resolutions, and lifestyle regularity. On this intervention, no homework tasks were required. This intervention was based on the Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS) program therapy.
Other Name: Psychoeducation Programme

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Functioning Assessment Scale Test (FAST) [ Time Frame: up to three years ]
    This test is a 24-item scale that measures the level of psychosocial functioning of patients in daily life situations. It assesses six functional domains: autonomy, occupational functioning, cognitive functioning, financial issues, interpersonal relationships, and leisure time. Higher scores indicate higher functional impairment. This instrument has shown good psychometric properties and sensitivity to change.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Outpatients aged 18 to 45 years;
  • Diagnoses of BPD according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (4th version Revised) (DSM-IV-TR) criteria and evaluated by two semi-structured diagnostic interviews
  • Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders (SCID-II) and the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB-R)
  • Clinical severity measured with Clinical Global Impression for BPD (CGI-BPD) higher than 4;
  • Functional impairment measured with a Global Assessment Functioning (GAF) lower than 65.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No severe physical conditions, such as organic brain syndrome or neurological disease that could affect neuropsychological performance;
  • Intelligence Quotient (IQ) < 85;
  • Major Depression Disorder (MDD) or substance misuse within the last 6 months;
  • Schizophrenia, severe psychotic disorder or bipolar disorder;
  • Previous participation in any psychoeducation or cognitive rehabilitation intervention.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02033044

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Hospital Clinico San Carlos
Madrid, Spain, 28040
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospital San Carlos, Madrid
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Principal Investigator: Jose L Carrasco, MD Hospital Clinico San Carlos
Study Chair: Juan C Pascual, MD Hospital San Creu i San Pau
Study Chair: Angela Ibañez, MD Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Jose Luis Carrasco, Head Professor Department of Psychiatry, MD., Hospital San Carlos, Madrid Identifier: NCT02033044    
Other Study ID Numbers: COGREHAB
First Posted: January 10, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 10, 2014
Last Verified: January 2014
Keywords provided by Jose Luis Carrasco, Hospital San Carlos, Madrid:
borderline personality disorder
cognitive rehabilitation
psychosocial functioning
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Personality Disorders
Borderline Personality Disorder
Mental Disorders