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STAR Cape+BKM120 MBC With Brain Met

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02000882
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 4, 2013
Last Update Posted : February 10, 2020
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
US Oncology Research

Brief Summary:

This is a study to determine the safety and effectiveness of BKM120 plus capecitabine in breast cancer patients with brain metastases.

Both capecitabine and BMK120 have previously shown activity in patients with breast cancer. Like capecitabine, BMK120 is also effective in crossing the blood brain barrier making it a preferred candidate for its evaluation in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain Metastases Breast Cancer Metastatic Breast Cancer Drug: BKM120 Drug: capecitabine Drug: Trastuzumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase 2, multicenter, single-arm study to determine the safety and efficacy of BKM120 plus capecitabine in breast cancer patients with brain metastases. 40 patients will be included, who have either ER+/HER2-, HER2+ or triple negative breast cancer..

The Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA) is a recently developed, validated prognostic score for patients with brain metastases. The Graded Prognostic Assessment will be utilized to evaluate efficacy in this clinical study.

Capecitabine is a prodrug which is enzymatically converted to 5-fluorouracil in its tumor target where it inhibits DNA synthesis and slows tumor growth. It is currently FDA approved for both colorectal and breast cancer. BMK120 is a pan phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase inhibitor being developed under IND# 102,823 by Novartis Corporation. As of September 2012 over 600 patients had been enrolled in fourteen separate Novartis sponsored monotherapy or combination therapy clinical studies of BMK120.

Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) signaling regulates diverse cellular functions including cell proliferation, survival, translational regulation of protein synthesis, glucose metabolism, cell migration, and angiogenesis. PI3K signaling also serves a central role in the pathogenesis of numerous cancers.

Constitutive activation of PI3K signaling is known to be a critical step in mediating the transforming potential of oncogenes and tumor suppressors in many tumor types. Resistance to a variety of therapeutic interventions, including hormonal therapy, anti-HER2 therapies and chemotherapy can also be linked to constitutive activation of the PI3K pathway.

Preliminary data suggest that activation of the PI3K pathway is a predictor of a poor prognostic outcome in many cancer types. Thus, as a pan-PI3K inhibitor, BMK120 may provide a therapeutic benefit to patients with MBC. Both capecitabine and BMK120 have previously shown activity in patients with MBC. Like capecitabine, BMK120 is also effective in crossing the blood brain barrier making it a preferred candidate for its evaluation in patients with MBC.

Trastuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that targets the HER2 receptor which is overexpressed or amplified in approximately 20-25% of breast cancers. The clinical benefit of trastuzumab in women with metastatic breast cancer has been demonstrated in two pivotal studies.

Current clinical experience with BMK120 has shown that its most frequent adverse events (AEs) include fatigue, decreased appetite, diarrhea, hyperglycemia, nausea, rash and mood alteration disorders. Therefore patients will be closely monitored for fasting plasma glucose (FPG) HbA1c, and insulin C-peptide. Patients will also be frequently and routinely evaluated for mood disorders and disturbances. The remaining most frequent AEs will be detected by regular, frequent monitoring with symptomatic treatment to be provided as required.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Multicenter Single-arm Study of BKM120 Plus Capecitabine for Breast Cancer Patients With Brain Metastases
Actual Study Start Date : May 29, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 29, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : March 29, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: BKM120 plus Capecitabine

BKM120 will be administered at a dose of 100 mg orally (PO) daily. Capecitabine will be administered at a dose of 1000 mg/m2 orally (PO) twice a day (rounded down to the nearest 500 mg pill) 14 days on and 7 days off.

For patients with HER2+ MBC only, standard every 3-weekly trastuzumab (6 mg/kg IV) will be added to the capecitabine/BKM120.

Drug: BKM120
Other Name: buparlisib

Drug: capecitabine
Other Name: Xeloda

Drug: Trastuzumab
Other Name: Herceptin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. clinical benefit rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: until end of study (4 years) ]
    To determine the clinical benefit rate (CBR) based on local investigator assessment associated with BKM120 once daily plus capecitabine (1000 mg/m2 PO BID 14 days on/7 days off) in patients with metastatic breast cancer with a brain metastasis at least 5mm in size following whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) and that has not progressed following WBRT. An exploratory analysis will be conducted of patients enrolled on study who have evidence of disease progression following WBRT. Clinical benefit rate is defined as the proportion of patients with best overall response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD) in the CNS lasting at least 24 weeks based on local investigator assessment.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: until end of study (4 years) ]
    To assess ORR associated with BKM120 plus capecitabine in the central nervous system based on local investigator assessment

  2. Median time to progression [ Time Frame: until end of study (4 years) ]
    To assess median time to progression (TTP) associated with BKM120 plus capecitabine.

  3. Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: until end of study (4 years) ]
    To determine median overall survival (OS) associated with BKM120 plus capecitabine.

  4. Number of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: until end of study (4 years) ]
    To characterize the safety and tolerability of BKM120 plus capecitabine, with or without trastuzumab

  5. Median time to deterioration of neurologic function [ Time Frame: until end of study (4 years) ]
    To assess median time to deterioration of neurologic function based on answers to questionnaires.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥ 18 years
  2. Female
  3. Histologically and/or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of inoperable metastatic breast cancer
  4. ER+/HER2- OR HER2+ OR triple-negative breast cancer, assessed as ER-, PgR-, and HER2-negative by local laboratory testing; HER2 negative status (based on most recently analyzed biopsy) is defined as IHC status of 0, 1+ or 2+ (if IHC 2+, a negative FISH test is required, ie, HER2 FISH ratio < 2.0); ER-negative and PR-negative status is defined as ER and PgR <10% nuclei positive by IHC. HER2-positive status is defined as 3+ staining in ≥10% of cells by immunohistochemistry or a HER2/CEP17 ratio ≥2 or an average of ≥6 HER2 gene copies per cell by in situ hybridization (ISH)
  5. At least one CNS lesion that is at least 5mm in size in at least one dimension in the setting of prior WBRT

    • Prior WBRT is required and may have been administered at any time in patient's treatment history. Patients in the primary analysis will not have evidence of progression of disease following WBRT. However, patients whose brain metastases have progressed following WBRT are eligible. Patients must have completed WBRT at least 3 weeks prior to study entry.
    • Prior SRS is allowed, but previous treatment of the 5mm target CNS lesion with SRS is not permitted
  6. ECOG performance status ≤ 2
  7. Adequate bone marrow function as shown by: ANC ≥ 1.5 x 109/L, Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L, Hb >9 g/dL
  8. Total calcium (corrected for serum albumin) within normal limits (biphosphonate use for malignant hypercalcemia control is not allowed)
  9. Magnesium ≥ the lower limit of normal
  10. Potassium within normal limits for the institution
  11. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) within normal range (or ≤ 3.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN) if liver metastases are present)
  12. Serum bilirubin within normal range (or ≤ 1.5 x ULN if liver metastases are present; or total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 x ULN with direct bilirubin within normal range in patients with known Gilbert Syndrome)
  13. Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or 24-hour clearance ≥ 50 mL/min
  14. Serum amylase ≤ ULN
  15. Serum lipase ≤ ULN
  16. Fasting plasma glucose ≤ 120 mg/dL (6.7 mmol/L)
  17. Negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours before starting study treatment in women with childbearing potential
  18. INR ≤ 2
  19. Life expectancy > 12 weeks
  20. Available tissue (blocks and/or slides) samples unless discussed in advance with study principal investigator
  21. Patient is able to swallow and retain oral medication
  22. Signed most recent patient informed consent form
  23. Signed Patient Authorization Form

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient received prior treatment with a P13K inhibitor.
  2. Patient with known hypersensitivity to BKM120, capecitabine, or their excipients.
  3. Patient has evidence of impending herniation on baseline brain imaging.
  4. Patient has evidence of diffuse leptomeningeal disease on brain MRI or by previously documented CSF.
  5. Patient has acute or chronic liver, renal disease or pancreatitis (liver metastases are allowed)
  6. Patients has a mood disorder as judged by the Investigator or a psychiatrist, or as a result of patient's mood assessment questionnaire (PHQ-9 and/or GAD-7):

    • Medically documented history of or active major depressive episode, bipolar disorder (I or II), obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, a history of suicidal attempt or ideation, or homicidal ideation (immediate risk of doing harm to others) or patients with active severe personality disorders (defined according to DSM- IV) are not eligible. Note: for patients with psychotropic treatments ongoing at baseline, the dose and the schedule should not be modified within the previous 6 weeks prior to start of study drug.
    • ≥ CTCAE grade 3 anxiety
    • Meets the cut-off score of ≥ 12 in the PHQ-9 or a cut-off of ≥ 15 in the GAD-7 mood scale, respectively, or selects a positive response of "1, 2, or 3" to question number 9 regarding potential for suicidal thoughts in the PHQ-9 (independent of the total score of the PHQ-9)
  7. Patients has diarrhea ≥ CTCAE grade 2
  8. Patients with uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure 170 or greater or diastolic blood pressure over 100.
  9. Patient has active cardiac disease including any of the following:

    • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% as determined by Multiple Gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO)
    • QTc > 480 msec on screening ECG (using the QTcF formula)
    • Angina pectoris that requires the use of anti-anginal medication
    • Ventricular arrhythmias except for benign premature ventricular contractions
    • Supraventricular and nodal arrhythmias requiring a pacemaker or not controlled with medication
    • Conduction abnormality requiring a pacemaker
    • Valvular disease with document compromise in cardiac function
    • Symptomatic pericarditis
  10. Patient has a history of cardiac dysfunction including any of the following:

    • Myocardial infarction within the last 6 months, documented by persistent elevated cardiac enzymes or persistent regional wall abnormalities on assessment of LVEF function
    • History of documented congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional classification III-IV)
    • Documented cardiomyopathy
  11. Patient has poorly controlled diabetes mellitus or steroid-induced diabetes mellitus
  12. Patient has other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled concomitant medical conditions (e.g., active or uncontrolled infection) that could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol

    • Significant symptomatic deterioration of lung function. If clinically indicated, pulmonary function tests including measures of predicted lung volumes, DLco, O2 saturation at rest on room air should be considered to exclude pneumonitis or pulmonary infiltrates.
  13. Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of BKM120 (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or small bowel resection). Patients with unresolved diarrhea will be excluded as previously indicated
  14. Patient was treated with any hematopoietic colony-stimulating growth factors (e.g., G-CSF, GM-CSF) ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug. Erythropoietin or darbepoetin therapy, if initiated at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment, may be continued
  15. Patient is currently receiving treatment with medication with a known risk to prolong the QT interval or inducing Torsades de Pointes and the treatment cannot either be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting study drug.
  16. Patients receiving chronic treatment with steroids or another immunosuppressive agent. Patients must have been off all corticosteroids (except for physiologic doses of hydrocortisone as replacement therapy) for at least 2 weeks prior to study entry.

    • Note: Single doses, or topical applications (e.g. rash), inhaled sprays (e.g. obstructive airways diseases), eye drops or local injections (e.g. intra-articular) are allowed.
  17. Patient has taken herbal medications and certain fruits within 7 days prior to starting study drug. Herbal medications include, but are not limited to St. John's wort, Kava, ephedra (ma huang), gingko biloba, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), yohimbe, saw palmetto, and ginseng. Fruits include the CYP3A inhibitors Seville oranges, grapefruit, pummelos, or exotic citrus fruits. Regular orange juice is permitted.
  18. Patient is currently treated with drugs known to be moderate and strong inhibitors or inducers of isoenzyme CYP3A, and the treatment cannot be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting study drug. Please refer to Table 4-8 for a list of prohibited inhibitors and inducers of CYP3A (Please note that co-treatment with weak inhibitors of CYP3A is allowed).
  19. Patient received chemotherapy or targeted anticancer therapy ≤ 3 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosourea, antibodies or mitomycin-C) prior to starting study drug, and have related side effects must recover to a grade 1 or less before starting the trial
  20. Patient received any continuous or intermittent small molecule therapeutics (excluding monoclonal antibodies) with ≤ 5 effective half lives prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy
  21. Patient received wide field radiotherapy ≤ 4 weeks or limited field radiation for palliation ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy
  22. Patient underwent major surgery ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy.
  23. Patient is currently taking therapeutic doses of warfarin sodium or any other coumadin-derivative anticoagulant.
  24. Patient is pregnant or breast feeding or is of reproductive potential and not employing an effective method of birth control.

    • Note: Double barrier contraceptives must be used through the trial by both sexes. Oral, implantable, or injectable contraceptives may be affected by cytochrome P450 interactions, and are therefore not considered effective for this study. Women of child-bearing potential, defined as sexually mature women who have not undergone a hysterectomy or who have not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., who has had menses any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months), must have a negative serum pregnancy test ≤ 72 hours prior to initiating treatment.
    • Note: Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or six months of spontaneous amenorrhea with serum FSH levels > 40 mIU/mL [for US only: and estradiol < 20 pg/mL] or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential.
    • Note: Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, must use highly effective contraception during treatment for 4 weeks (5 T1/2) after stopping treatment. The highly effective contraception is defined as either:

      i. True abstinence: When this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.

    ii. Sterilization: have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment.

    iii. Male partner sterilization (with the appropriate post-vasectomy documentation of the absence of sperm in the ejaculate). For female subjects on the study, the vasectomised male partner should be the sole partner for that patient.

    iv. Use of a combination of any two of the following (a+b):

    1. Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)
    2. Barrier methods of contraception: Condom or Occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository

      • Oral contraception, injected or implanted hormonal methods are not allowed as BKM120 potentially decreases the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives.
  25. Patient has known diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  26. Patient has history of another malignancy within 5 years, except cured basal cell carcinoma of the skin or excised carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  27. Patient is unable or unwilling to abide by the study protocol or cooperate fully with the investigator
  28. Patient is concurrently using other approved or investigational antineoplastic agent.
  29. Patient taking or needing enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic medication.
  30. Patient has an acute viral hepatitis or a history of chronic or active HBV or HCV infection

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02000882

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United States, Texas
Please contact Zuzanne Bristow for list of sites
Multiple Locations, Texas, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
US Oncology Research
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
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Principal Investigator: Joyce A. O'Shaughnessy, MD US Oncology Research, McKesson Specialty Health
Principal Investigator: Morris D. Groves, MD, JD US Oncology Research, McKesson Specialty Health
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Responsible Party: US Oncology Research Identifier: NCT02000882    
Other Study ID Numbers: 11025
CBKM120ZUS39T ( Other Identifier: Novartis )
First Posted: December 4, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 10, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Keywords provided by US Oncology Research:
Breast Cancer
Triple Negative Breast Cancer
Brain Metastases
Metastatic Breast Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Brain Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological