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Evaluate the Immunogenicity of a Novel Glucagon Formulation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01959334
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 10, 2013
Results First Posted : September 6, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 6, 2019
Locemia Solutions ULC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eli Lilly and Company

Brief Summary:
This study provides information on immunogenicity of Nasal Glucagon (AMG504-1) with regards to the potential development of treatment-emergent anti-glucagon antibodies.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Drug-specific Antibodies Diabetes Mellitus Drug: Nasal Glucagon (NG) Drug: Glucagon IM Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This study is a single center, randomized, laboratory-blinded, three periods, parallel design study.

The main objective of this study is to evaluate the immunogenicity of repeated single doses of glucagon following nasal and intramuscular (IM) administration in adults with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes (T1D or T2D). The secondary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of glucagon following NG and IM administration in adults with T1D or T2D.

A single dose of glucagon was administered in the morning after a 10-hour overnight fast, either by intranasal or intramuscular route, on 3 occasions. Each drug administration was separated by at least seven calendar days. Patients were randomized in a 2:1 ratio (NG:IMG) to receive NG or IMG at each of the 3 periods.

Blood samples were collected for measurement of anti-glucagon antibodies at screening visit, prior to dosing at Period 3, and at the post-study visit (approximately 4 weeks after the last glucagon administration).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 75 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Single Center, Randomized, Parallel Safety Study To Evaluate The Immunogenicity Of A Novel Glucagon Formulation Compared To Commercially Available Glucagon Administered By Intramuscular Injection In Adults With Type 1 OR Type 2 Diabetes
Study Start Date : September 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Glucagon

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Glucagon IM
Glucagon dose of 1 milligram (mg) administered intramuscularly (IM).
Drug: Glucagon IM
Other Name: GlucaGen® HypoKit

Experimental: Nasal Glucagon (NG
Nasal Glucagon (NG) doses of 3 mg administered intra-nasally.
Drug: Nasal Glucagon (NG)
Other Names:
  • Nasal Glucagon
  • AMG504-1 Dry-Mist Intranasal Glucagon
  • LY900018

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Treatment-emergent Anti-Drug Antibody (ADA) [ Time Frame: Baseline through study completion (up to 10 weeks) ]
    Glucagon anti-drug antibodies (ADA) were assessed at baseline through study completion. Percentage of participants (Pts) with ADA=(number of Pts with treatment-emergent ADA/number of Pts assessed)*100. Treatment-Emergent ADA includes treatment-induced ADA and treatment boosted ADA. Treatment-induced is defined as participants with 'Not Detected' ADA at baseline (drug-naive) and at least one post-baseline ADA 'Detected' sample with a corresponding titer that is one 2-fold dilution higher than the MRD (minimal required dilution) of the assay. For the nasal glucagon Tier 1-3 ADA screening assay, the MRD is 1:20. Treatment-boosted is defined as Patient with ADA 'Detected' at baseline (drug-naive) and at least one post-baseline ADA 'Detected' sample with a corresponding titer that is at least (>or=) 4-fold higher than the baseline titer.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Neutralizing Antibodies [ Time Frame: Baseline through study completion (up to 10 weeks) ]
  3. Number of Participants With At Least One Adverse Event [ Time Frame: First dose of study drug through the post-study completion (up to 10 weeks) ]

    Safety parameters assessed included the occurrence of adverse events, the measurement of clinical laboratory parameters; vital signs, ECGs, physical examination, blood glucose, and examination of the injection site (following the IM administration). An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation subject administered the investigational product and which did not necessarily have a causal relationship with this treatment

    A summary of other nonserious AEs, and all SAE's, regardless of causality, is located in the Reported Adverse Events section.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Availability for the entire study period
  2. Motivated volunteer and absence of intellectual problems likely to limit the validity of consent to participate in the study or the compliance with protocol requirements; ability to cooperate adequately; ability to understand and observe the instructions of the physician or designee
  3. Male or female patient with a history of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes of at least 2 years duration
  4. A female volunteer must meet one of the following criteria:

    1. Participant is of childbearing potential and agrees to use one of the accepted contraceptive regimens throughout the entire duration of the study (from the screening visit until study completion). Additionally, if the participant is using systemic contraceptives, she must use an additional form of acceptable contraception. An acceptable method of contraception includes one of the following:

      • Abstinence from heterosexual intercourse
      • Systemic contraceptives (birth control pills, injectable/implant /insertable hormonal birth control products, transdermal patch)
      • Intrauterine device (with and without hormones)
      • Condom with spermicide


    2. Participant is of non-childbearing potential, defined as surgically sterile (i.e. has undergone complete hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or tubal ligation) or in a menopausal state (at least 1 year without menses)
  5. Volunteer aged of at least 18 years but not older than 70 years
  6. Volunteer with a BMI greater than or equal to 18.50 and below 35.00 kg/m2
  7. Light-, non- or ex-smokers. A light smoker is defined as someone smoking 10 cigarettes or less per day for at least 3 months before day 1 of this study. An ex- smoker is defined as someone who completely stopped smoking for at least 6 months before day 1 of this study
  8. In good general health with no conditions that could influence the outcome of the trial, and in the judgment of the Investigator is a good candidate for the study based on review of available medical history, physical examination and clinical laboratory evaluations
  9. Willingness to adhere to the protocol requirements as evidenced by the informed consent form (ICF) duly read, signed and dated by the volunteer

The informed consent form must be signed by all volunteers, prior to their participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Females who are pregnant, actively attempting to get pregnant, or are lactating
  2. History of significant hypersensitivity to glucagon or any related products as well as severe hypersensitivity reactions (such as angioedema) to any drugs
  3. Presence of significant gastrointestinal, liver or kidney disease, or any other conditions which in the judgment of the Investigator could interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of drugs, or could potentiate or predispose to undesired effects
  4. Suicidal tendency, history of or disposition to seizures, state of confusion, clinically relevant psychiatric diseases
  5. Known presence of rare hereditary problems of galactose and /or lactose intolerance
  6. Known presence or history of pheochromocytoma (i.e. adrenal gland tumor) or insulinoma (i.e. insulin secreting pancreas tumor)
  7. Presence of clinically significant findings on nasal examination or bilateral anterior rhinoscopy, such as structural abnormalities, nasal polyps, marked septal deviation, nasal tumors
  8. Nasal surgery in the previous 28 days before Day 1 of this study
  9. Use of a systemic beta-blocker drug, indomethacin, warfarin or anticholinergic drugs in the previous 28 days before Day 1 of this study
  10. Use of an immunomodulator medication (including steroids, glucocorticoids, tacrolimus, etc.) in the 28 days before day 1 of this study
  11. Any other concomitant maintenance therapy that would influence the outcome of the trial or compromise the safety of the patient, at the discretion of the Investigator and the Sponsor, in the previous 28 days before day 1 of this study
  12. Significant history of drug dependency or alcohol abuse (> 3 units of alcohol per day, intake of excessive alcohol, acute or chronic)
  13. Any clinically significant illness in the previous 28 days before day 1 of this study
  14. Any history of tuberculosis and/or prophylaxis for tuberculosis
  15. Positive urine screening of alcohol and/or drugs of abuse
  16. Females who are pregnant according to a positive pregnancy test
  17. Concurrent participation or intention of participating in another clinical trial during this study
  18. Volunteers who took an Investigational Product (in another clinical trial) or donated 50 mL or more of blood in the previous 28 days before day 1 of this study
  19. Donation of 500 mL or more of blood (Canadian Blood Services, Hema-Quebec, clinical studies, etc.) in the previous 56 days before day 1 of this study

No participants will be allowed to enroll in this study more than once (i.e. if the study is conducted with more than 1 group).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01959334

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Canada, Quebec
Algorithme Pharma Inc.
Laval, Quebec, Canada, H7V 4B3
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eli Lilly and Company
Locemia Solutions ULC
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Study Director: Call 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559) or 1-317-615-4559 Mon - Fri 9 AM - 5 PM Eastern time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST) Eli Lilly and Company
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Responsible Party: Eli Lilly and Company Identifier: NCT01959334    
Other Study ID Numbers: 16426
I8R-MC-IGBF ( Other Identifier: Eli Lilly and Company )
AMG105 ( Other Identifier: Locemia Solutions ULC )
First Posted: October 10, 2013    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 6, 2019
Last Update Posted: September 6, 2019
Last Verified: April 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Lilly provides access to the individual patient data from studies on approved medicines and indications as defined by the sponsor specific information on

This access is provided in a timely fashion after the primary publication is accepted. Researchers need to have an approved research proposal submitted through Access to the data will be provided in a secure data sharing environment after signing a data sharing agreement.

Keywords provided by Eli Lilly and Company:
Diabetes Mellitus
Anti-glucagon Antibody
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs