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Alisertib and Gemcitabine Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors or Pancreatic Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01924260
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 16, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 8, 2021
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Karen Kelly, University of California, Davis

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and the best dose of alisertib when given together with gemcitabine hydrochloride in treating patients with solid tumors or pancreatic cancer that is metastatic or cannot be removed by surgery. Alisertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving alisertib with gemcitabine hydrochloride may be an effective treatment for solid tumors or pancreatic cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acinar Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas Duct Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer Stage III Pancreatic Cancer Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: alisertib Drug: gemcitabine Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To investigate the feasibility and safety of MLN8237 (alisertib) when given in combination with gemcitabine (gemcitabine hydrochloride) to patients with advanced solid tumors.


I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of MLN8237 when given in combination with gemcitabine to patients with advanced solid tumors and to recommend a phase II dose for the combination.

II. To obtain preliminary evidence of efficacy as judged by response rate and progression-free survival for this combination.

III. To investigate the pharmacokinetics of MLN8237 given in combination with gemcitabine in an expanded cohort of patients with pancreatic cancer.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of alisertib.

Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and alisertib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of the Combination of MLN8237 and Gemcitabine in Advanced Solid Tumors With Emphasis on Pancreatic Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : August 9, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 8, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : February 8, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (alisertib, gemcitabine)
Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and alisertib PO BID on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: alisertib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aurora A kinase inhibitor MLN8237
  • MLN8237

Drug: gemcitabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdC
  • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
  • Gemzar

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) defined as any related (possibly, probably, or definitely) grade 3 non-hematological toxicity or any attributable grade 4 toxicity graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events graded according to NCI CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after completion of treatment ]
    Toxicities observed at each dose level will be summarized in terms of type (organ affected or laboratory determination such as absolute neutrophil count), severity (by grade and nadir or maximum values for the laboratory measures), time of onset (i.e. course number), duration, and reversibility or outcome. Frequencies will be reported, with exact 95% confidence intervals. Tables will be created to summarize these toxicities and side effects by dose and by course.

  2. Response rate according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 [ Time Frame: Assessed up to 2 years ]
    Survival will be summarized with Kaplan-Meier plots to describe the outcome of patients treated on this protocol. Median survival time will be estimated using standard life table methods.

  3. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: Assessed up to 2 years ]
    Summarized with Kaplan-Meier plots. Median survival time will be estimated using standard life table methods.

  4. Maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) defined as the maximum dose level at which less than 2 patients experience DLT graded according to NCI CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: 21 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Eligibility for dose escalation cohort: histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic or unresectable solid tumor for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective
  • Eligibility for the expansion cohort: histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic or unresectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma for which curative treatment does not exist
  • Zubrod (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG]) performance status 0 - 2
  • Measurable or non-measurable disease. x-rays and/or scans for disease assessment of measurable disease must have been completed within 28 days prior to registration; non-measurable disease must also be assessed within 28 days prior to registration; (expansion - patients must have measurable disease)
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin within institutional normal limits
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 times institutional upper limit of normal or =< 5 times institutional upper limit of normal in the presence of liver metastases
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal OR

    • Creatinine Clearance >= 60ml/min/1.73m^2 measured by 24-hour urine collection
  • Any number of prior chemotherapy regimens; up to two prior chemotherapy regimen in the palliative setting will be allowed in the expansion cohort. Prior gemcitabine-based regimes in the palliative setting are permitted if no evidence of progression on therapy or at least 6 months after discontinuation of gemcitabine based treatment. Prior gemcitabine in the adjuvant setting is permitted if last treatment was greater than 6 months prior to registration
  • Any prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy or targeted therapy must have been completed at least 2 weeks prior to start of this protocol and all side effects (except alopecia, lymphopenia and hyperglycemia) resolved to grade 1 or less; any prior radiation must have been completed at least 2 weeks prior to start of therapy
  • Pregnant or nursing women are ineligible; women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Ability to swallow and retain oral medications
  • Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care
  • Female subject is either post-menopausal or surgically sterilized or willing to use an acceptable method of birth control (ie, a hormonal contraceptive, intra-uterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide, or abstinence) for the duration of the study
  • Male subject agrees to use an acceptable method for contraception during the entire study treatment period through 4 months after the last dose of MLN8237; male patients, even if surgically sterilized (ie, status postvasectomy) must agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through four months after the last dose of study drug, or completely abstain from heterosexual intercourse

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with Aurora A-targeted agents, including MLN8237
  • History of Gilbert's syndrome
  • Cardiac disease: congestive heart failure > class II New York Heart Association (NYHA); patients must not have unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new onset angina (began within the last 3 months) or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • Symptomatic or uncontrolled brain metastasis; patients with neurological symptoms must undergo a computed tomography (CT) scan/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain to exclude brain metastasis; previously treated brain metastases will be allowed as long as the patient is neurologically stable and is off steroids and anticonvulsants
  • Prior radiation to greater than 25% of the bone marrow or whole pelvis radiation
  • Patients requiring full therapeutic anticoagulation with warfarin are ineligible because therapy on this trial may result in frequent and recurrent thrombocytopenia; full therapeutic anticoagulation with heparin, low molecular weight heparin, or direct factor Xa inhibitor is permitted
  • Patients with a diagnosis of active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, on anti-retroviral therapy, or with a cluster of differentiation (CD) 4 count less than 200 are ineligible; testing is not required in the absence of clinical findings or suspicion
  • Patients with a diagnosis of chronic hepatitis B are ineligible
  • Active clinically serious infection > Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 2 or systemic infection requiring IV antibiotic therapy within 14 days preceding the first dose of study drug
  • Serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • Major surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug
  • Known or suspected allergy to gemcitabine or MLN8237, or any agent given in the course of this trial
  • Any clinically significant medical or psychiatric condition that would interfere with protocol treatment
  • Prior allogeneic bone marrow or organ transplantation
  • Known history of uncontrolled sleep apnea syndrome and other conditions that could result in excessive daytime sleepiness, such as severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; requirement for supplemental oxygen
  • Requirement for constant administration of proton pump inhibitor or H2 antagonist; intermittent uses of antacids or H2 antagonists are allowed
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities; prior to study entry, any electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant
  • Female subject is pregnant or breast-feeding; confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (B-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening; pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women
  • Patient has received other investigational drugs with 14 days before enrollment
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, including uncontrolled diabetes, malabsorption, resection of the pancreas or upper small bowel, requirement for pancreatic enzymes, any condition that would modify small bowel absorption of oral medications, or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment in this study
  • Treatment with clinically significant enzyme inducers, such as the enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital, or rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine or St. John's wort within 14 days prior to the first dose of MLN8237 and during the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01924260

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United States, California
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
Sponsors and Collaborators
Karen Kelly
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Karen Kelly UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Karen Kelly, Principal Investigator, University of California, Davis Identifier: NCT01924260    
Other Study ID Numbers: 457403
UCDCC#240 ( Other Identifier: UC Davis )
P30CA093373 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
X14020 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Takeda )
NCI-2013-01388 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: August 16, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 8, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pancreatic Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Acinar Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs