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Safety Study of the PrePex Device for Non-Surgical Adult Male Circumcision During Phased in National Implementation in an Effort to Prevent the Spread of HIV (RMC-07)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vincent Mutabazi, Ministry of Health, Rwanda Identifier:
First received: February 17, 2013
Last updated: August 12, 2013
Last verified: August 2013

It is well known from a range of observational and epidemiological studies that the lifetime risk of acquiring HIV among males can be significantly reduced via circumcision. Numerous papers on the topic were published in the past two decades to elevate HIV prevention awareness, especially in sub-Saharan countries.

Rwanda has a national plan to offer a voluntary circumcision program to 2 million adult men in 2 years as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention package. To achieve this goal, the government is continuing to study the PrePex™ device, developed to enable rapid adult male circumcision in resource limited settings.

In February 2012, Rwanda has received WHO recommendation to scale up Adult Male male circumcision (MC) using the PrePex device. Based on WHO recommendation (Use of devices for adult male circumcision in public health HIV prevention programs: Conclusions of the Technical Advisory Group on Innovations in Male Circumcision, March 2012, WHO/HIV/2012.7), which recommended that the phased implementation include an active surveillance of the first 1000 clients to identify and record all adverse events and side-effects based on standardized definitions. The active surveillance may change to passive surveillance after the first 1000 clients, if the incidence of events is reassuringly low, as determined by independent review.

Condition Intervention
Male Circumcision
Device: PrePex™ device

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: One-Arm, Open Label, Prospective Safety Study of the PrePex Device for Non-Surgical Adult Male Circumcision During Phased in National Implementation in an Effort to Prevent the Spread of HIV.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Ministry of Health, Rwanda:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess the safety of scaling up Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) with the PrePex device by assessing the rate of moderate and severe AEs and allowing the program to continue with passive surveillance [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]

Enrollment: 1001
Study Start Date: January 2013
Study Completion Date: February 2013
Primary Completion Date: February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: PrePex™ device
Adult male circumcision by the PrePex™ device
Device: PrePex™ device
PrePex™ device for adult male circumcision programs. The PrePex™ device is designed to enable conducting male circumcision procedure that is bloodless with no anesthesia and no sutures.

Detailed Description:

Male circumcision can reduce the lifetime risk of HIV infection by 60% in high risk areas such as Sub Saharan Africa. In 2009, the US Government (USAID) reported that scaling up male circumcision to reach 80 percent of adult and newborn males in 14 African countries by 2015 could potentially avert more than 4 million adult HIV infections between 2009 and 2025 and yield annual cost savings of US$1.4 - 1.8 billion after 2015, with a total net savings of US$20.2 billion between 2009 and 2025.

There are over 38 million adolescent and adult males in Africa that could benefit from male circumcision for HIV prevention. The challenge Africa faces is how to safely scale up a surgical procedure in resources limited settings.

The government of Rwanda has a national plan to decrease the incidence rate of HIV by 50%, and to support this, needs to conduct 2 million voluntary adult male circumcisions in 2 years, a nearly impossible goal with surgical methods. Hence, the government embarked upon a pre-safety and pivotal study to test The PrePex™ device, a new device and methodology for rapid adult male circumcision in resource limited settings.


Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 49 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ages - 21 to 49 years
  • Subject wants to be circumcised
  • Uncircumcised
  • Able to understand the study procedures and requirements
  • Agrees to abstain sexual intercourse for 6 weeks post device removal
  • Agrees to abstain from masturbation for 2 weeks post device removal
  • Agrees to return to the health care facility for follow-up visits (or as instructed) after his circumcision for a period of 1 week post removal (2 weeks total)
  • Subject able to comprehend and freely give informed consent for participation in this study and is considered by the investigator to have good compliance for the study
  • Subject agrees to anonymous video and photographs of the procedure and follow up visits

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active genital infection, anatomic abnormality or other condition, which in the opinion of the investigator prevents the subject from undergoing a circumcision
  • Subject with the following diseases/conditions: phimosis, paraphimosis, warts under the prepuce, torn or tight frenulum, narrow prepuce, hypospadias, epispadias
  • Known bleeding / coagulation abnormality, uncontrolled diabetes, by questionnaire
  • Subject who have an abnormal penile anatomy or any penile diseases
  • Subject that to the opinion of the investigator is not a good candidate
  • Subject does not agree to anonymous video and photographs of the procedure and follow up visits
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01921608

Rwanda Military Hospital
Kigali, Rwanda
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ministry of Health, Rwanda
Principal Investigator: Vincent Mutabazi, M.D. Rwanda Ministry of Health
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Vincent Mutabazi, Director of the Research Grants Unit, Ministry of Health, Rwanda Identifier: NCT01921608     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RMC-07
Study First Received: February 17, 2013
Last Updated: August 12, 2013

Keywords provided by Ministry of Health, Rwanda:
Male Circumcision
HIV Prevention
HIV Infections processed this record on April 26, 2017