Chemotherapy Before Surgery and Tissue Sample Collection in Patients With Stage IIA-IIIC Breast Cancer

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified January 2016 by Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Joseph Sparano, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01897441
First received: July 9, 2013
Last updated: January 13, 2016
Last verified: January 2016
  Purpose
This randomized pilot clinical trial studies chemotherapy before surgery and tissue sample collection in patients with stage IIA-IIIC breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as trastuzumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells o grow and spread. Giving doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, paclitaxel and trastuzumab may kill more tumor cells. Collecting and storing samples of tissue from patients with breast cancer to study in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about how well patients will respond to treatment.

Condition Intervention
Stage IIA Breast Cancer
Stage IIB Breast Cancer
Stage IIIA Breast Cancer
Stage IIIB Breast Cancer
Stage IIIC Breast Cancer
Stage IV Breast Cancer
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Other: Cytology Specimen Collection Procedure
Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Drug: Paclitaxel
Biological: Trastuzumab

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective Tissue Collection in Breast Cancer Patients Receiving Preoperative Systemic Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in senescence and secondary biomarkers, including TMEM, mena, and 67LR [ Time Frame: Baseline to 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive statistics by treatment group will be presented. The two-sampled t-test will be performed. Appropriate transformation may be used to improved normality of the outcome variable.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in quantitative biomarker levels in patients with chemotherapy-responsive and -resistant tumors, including senescence, cell death, TMEM, mena, and 67LR [ Time Frame: Baseline to 8 weeks (2 courses) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Paired T-test or Wilcoxon signed-rank test will be performed. Two-sample t-test will be performed to compare biomarker between the two groups. If the data are not normally distributed, a suitable data transformation such as the log or rank transformation will be applied. Logistic regression models will also be fit to the data with treatment sensitive/resistance category as the outcome and baseline as well as pre-post change in biomarker level as the main predictor variable to obtain estimates of odds ratios unadjusted and adjusted for potential confounders including patients characteristics.


Estimated Enrollment: 132
Study Start Date: June 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Stratum A (HER2-positive disease)
Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour and trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes weekly for 12 weeks. Beginning 2-3 weeks after the last dose of paclitaxel, patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes every 2 weeks for 8 weeks
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
Other: Cytology Specimen Collection Procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: Cytologic Sampling
Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat
Biological: Trastuzumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ABP 980
  • Anti-c-ERB-2
  • Anti-c-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-ERB-2
  • Anti-erbB-2
  • Anti-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-HER2/c-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-p185-HER2
  • c-erb-2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • HER2 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Herceptin
  • Herceptin Biosimilar PF-05280014
  • Herceptin Trastuzumab Biosimilar PF-05280014
  • MoAb HER2
  • Monoclonal Antibody c-erb-2
  • Monoclonal Antibody HER2
  • PF-05280014
  • rhuMAb HER2
  • Trastuzumab Biosimilar ABP 980
  • Trastuzumab Biosimilar PF-05280014
Experimental: Stratum B (paclitaxel followed by AC)
Patients receive paclitaxel, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and cyclophosphamide as in Stratum A.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
Other: Cytology Specimen Collection Procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: Cytologic Sampling
Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat
Experimental: Stratum C (AC followed by paclitaxel)
Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes every 2 weeks for 8 weeks. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour weekly for 12 weeks.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
Other: Cytology Specimen Collection Procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: Cytologic Sampling
Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the effects of preoperative neoadjuvant paclitaxel and doxorubicin (doxorubicin hydrochloride)/cyclophosphamide (AC) on: senescence; invasion/motility (tumor microenvironment of metastasis [TMEM] and 67 kDa laminin receptor [67LR]).

II. To create a biospecimen repository for future studies derived from patients with breast cancer receiving standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

OUTLINE: Patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive disease are assigned to Stratum A, and patients with HER2-negative disease are randomized to Stratum B or C.

STRATUM A: Patients receive paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour and trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes weekly for 12 weeks. Beginning 2-3 weeks later, patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes every 2 weeks for 8 weeks

STRATUM B: Patients receive paclitaxel, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and cyclophosphamide as in Stratum A.

STRATUM C: Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes every 2 weeks for 8 weeks. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour weekly for 12 weeks.

Patients undergo surgery 2-6 weeks after the last chemotherapy dose.

In all arms, treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast associated with the following clinical stage: IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, or IIIC; patients with stage IV disease are also eligible if there is an intention to perform breast surgery after neoadjuvant therapy is completed, or in patients participating in clinical trials where surgery after neoadjuvant therapy may be an option (eg. E2108)
  • Estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and HER2/neu status documented by core needle biopsy of the primary tumor and/or regional lymph node must be known prior to beginning systemic therapy
  • Patients must have had a bilateral diagnostic mammogram within 6 months of registration, and may also have a targeted sonography of the breast and/or ipsilateral axilla and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) if clinically indicated
  • Patients with clinically suspicious axillary lymph node involvement must have either aspiration cytology or biopsy prior to beginning therapy
  • It is strongly encouraged that all patients have metallic clips placed in the tumor prior to neoadjuvant therapy in order to facilitate evaluation for microscopic disease at the time of surgery; placement of clips is particularly encouraged for patients being considered for breast conserving surgery
  • No prior chemotherapy, irradiation, or definitive therapeutic surgery (eg, mastectomy or lumpectomy or axillary dissection) for this malignancy; patients who have had a prior sentinel lymph node biopsy for this malignancy are eligible
  • Patients who received tamoxifen or another selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) for prevention or for other indications (e.g., osteoporosis, prior ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS]) are eligible; tamoxifen therapy or other SERMs should be discontinued at least 1 week before the patient is enrolled on this study
  • The patient is medically suitable candidate for preoperative chemotherapy and surgery in the judgment of the treating physicians
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document, and willing to provide blood samples before and during preoperative therapy; patients are also asked but not required to have research biopsies performed before and after therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01897441

Locations
United States, New York
Albert Einstein College of Medicine Recruiting
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Contact: Joseph A. Sparano    718-405-8404    jsparano@montefiore.org   
Principal Investigator: Joseph A. Sparano         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Joseph Sparano Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Joseph Sparano, Principal Investigator, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01897441     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 13-02-079  NCI-2013-01194  13-02-079  P30CA013330 
Study First Received: July 9, 2013
Last Updated: January 13, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Paclitaxel
Liposomal doxorubicin
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Trastuzumab
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 21, 2016