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A Study to Assess if Scratching the Lining of the Womb Prior to IVF Treatment Increases the Chances of Pregnancy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01882842
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 20, 2013
Last Update Posted : November 22, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Nottingham
University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust

Brief Summary:

This study aims to see if taking a small sample from the lining of the womb (the 'scratch') before starting in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment can influence the chance of getting pregnant and having a healthy, term baby.

This study also aims to explore why an embryo is not accepted or indeed rejected by the lining of the womb. This will be analysed by carefully looking at the sample taken from the lining of the womb under the microscope and analysing the levels of natural killer (NK) cells. These cells are thought to regulate the implantation process and to be altered in some women with infertility and miscarriage.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Infertility Procedure: Endometrial biopsy Device: Transvaginal ultrasound Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Following consent, participants will be randomised to one of the two trial interventions (endometrial biopsy, or ultrasound scan only = no intervention) by a member of the research team. The procedures will be scheduled for luteinising hormone (LH) day +7 to +9 of the menstrual cycle directly preceding commencement of down-regulation medications. A urine pregnancy test will be performed before the studied procedure. Just prior to the biopsy and directly following it, a transvaginal ultrasound scan will be performed to assess the length of the uterine cavity and endometrial parameters, including blood flow characteristics using power Doppler imaging. Endometrial sample will be obtained using standard sampling procedure by appropriately trained clinician.

Participants randomised to treatment arm will undergo an endometrial biopsy procedure using Pipelle endometrial sampler (Pipelle de Cornier, Laboratoire CCD, Paris, France) or Wallace/ Wallach endometrial sampler as an alternative device on cycle day LH+7 to LH+9 of the cycle directly preceding commencement of down-regulation prior to IVF or ICSI treatment. The endometrial sampling will be repeated a maximum of four times (all during the same appointment on day LH+7 to LH+9 of menstrual cycle) to assure a sufficient sample is obtained. If following the first two attempts, the endometrial sample is sufficient, procedure will be deemed complete. The Pipelle sampler will be introduced up to the uterine fundus (based on clinical touch technique and ultrasound measurements), and attempts will be made to obtain samples from all four walls of the endometrial cavity.

Participants randomised to control group will also be supplied with home LH testing kits after informing the unit of the will to participate. Once the ovulation test is positive, the participant will contact the unit to arrange the ultrasound appointment on day LH+7 to LH+9 of the cycle directly preceding commencement of IVF/ICSI treatment. 48 to 72 hours later and additional appointment will be scheduled for ultrasound scan and blood tests.

Subjects will then be randomised to one of the two treatment arms based on a computer generated pseudo-random code using random permuted blocks of randomly varying size, created by the University of Nottingham Clinical Trials Unit (CTU). As a pilot feasibility study, the randomisation will not be stratified by any factors. Allocation to treatments will be in the ratio 1:1. The corresponding treatment allocation will be transmitted to the unblinded clinician, who will arrange the appropriate appointments for study procedures.

Due to the nature of the study, no blinding of participant or researchers is possible.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 160 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Efficacy of Endometrial Biopsy on the Outcome of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) /Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) Treatment (Endoscratch): A Feasibility Pilot Study
Study Start Date : February 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Biopsy Infertility

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Endometrial biopsy arm
Participants randomised to this arm arm will undergo an endometrial biopsy procedure using Pipelle endometrial sampler (Pipelle de Cornier, Laboratoire CCD, Paris, France) or Wallace/ Wallach endometrial sampler as an alternative device on cycle day LH+7 to LH+9 of the cycle directly preceding commencement of down-regulation prior to IVF or ICSI treatment. A transvaginal ultrasound scan will be performed prior to the biopsy.
Procedure: Endometrial biopsy
Endometrial biopsy will be performed in the study group and timed according to a positive urinary LH (ovulation) kit at LH+7 to +9 days.
Other Name: Pipelle de Cornier (CCD, Paris).

Device: Transvaginal ultrasound
A detailed assessment of the endometrium will be performed including two- and three- dimensional ultrasound, as well as power Doppler acquisitions.
Other Name: GE Voluson E8 (Austria)

No Intervention: Control group
Participants randomised to control group will undergo a transvaginal ultrasound scan on day LH+7 to LH+9 of the cycle directly preceding commencement of IVF/ICSI treatment.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. A difference in the term (37 completed weeks of gestation), singleton live birth rate in women undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment following endometrial biopsy versus control subjects. [ Time Frame: Approximately 9 months after completion of the last procedure of the last study participant. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. A difference in the live birth rate (birth of a live baby after 24th week of gestation and before 37th completed weeks) in women undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment following endometrial biopsy versus control subjects. [ Time Frame: Approximately 9 months after completion of the last procedure of the last study participant. ]
  2. A difference in the multiple pregnancy rate in women undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment following endometrial biopsy versus control subjects. [ Time Frame: Approximately 9 months after completion of the last procedure of the last study participant. ]
  3. A difference in the implantation rate in women undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment following endometrial biopsy versus control subjects. [ Time Frame: Approximately 9 months after completion of the last procedure of the last study participant. ]
  4. A difference in the biochemical pregnancy rate in women undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment following endometrial biopsy versus control subjects. [ Time Frame: Approximately 9 months after completion of the last procedure of the last study participant. ]
  5. A difference in the clinical pregnancy rate in women undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment following endometrial biopsy versus control subjects. [ Time Frame: Approximately 9 months after completion of the last procedure of the last study participant. ]
  6. A difference in the miscarriage rate (loss of pregnancy before viability) in women undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment following endometrial biopsy versus control subjects. [ Time Frame: Approximately 9 months after completion of the last procedure of the last study participant. ]
  7. A difference in the ectopic pregnancy rate in women undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment following endometrial biopsy versus control subjects. [ Time Frame: Approximately 9 months after completion of the last procedure of the last study participant. ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Sonographic markers of endometrial receptivity [ Time Frame: Approximately 2 years ]
    Detailed endometrial assessment will be performed using two-, three- dimensional ultrasound, as well as power and pulse-wave Doppler ultrasound imaging. Results of these measurements will be correlated with subsequent IVF/ICSI treatment outcome.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 49 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women with history of primary or secondary infertility undergoing fresh IVF/ ICSI treatment or frozen embryo replacement cycle
  • Age <49

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Non- ovulatory cycles
  • Absent uterus
  • Uterine instrumentation within previous 3 menstrual cycles
  • Women in the oocyte donation program

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01882842


Locations
United Kingdom
Nurture Fertility
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom, NG7 2UH
Sponsors and Collaborators
Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
University of Nottingham
University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust
Investigators
Study Chair: Nick Raine-Fenning, PhD University of Nottingham

Responsible Party: Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01882842     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12GY005
First Posted: June 20, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 22, 2016
Last Verified: November 2016

Keywords provided by Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust:
Infertility
Endometrium
Live birth

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infertility
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Diseases, Female