HIV Prevention Among Vulnerable Male Youth

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01771237
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 18, 2013
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2018
Howard Brown Health Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Brief Summary:
This exploratory study aims to design and test an HIV prevention intervention for young men who have sex with men (MSM) between the ages of 16-20 as this group comprises the US adolescent population most at-risk for HIV infection through sexual contact. To help develop the content and format of our intervention we will first conduct in-depth interviews with twenty-one 18 to 24 year-old young MSM who acquired HIV through male-to-male sexual contact between ages 16-20 (i.e., the target age of our intended intervention). We will then design a group-based primary intervention for young MSM between ages 16-20, relying on the information we gathered from these interviews, as well as consultation from an advisory board of young MSM and HIV prevention experts. Last, we will use an experimental design to compare our intervention to a control condition. We hypothesize that, relative to a control condition of sexual health education and risk reduction, participants in our intervention will demonstrate lower rates of HIV risk behavior, find participation more feasible, and endorse greater acceptability of our intervention.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Homosexuality, Male HIV Substance-related Disorders Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological Behavioral: MyPeeps Manualized Group Intervention Behavioral: Standard Sexual Health Education Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this three year study is to develop and then test the feasibility and acceptability of a uniquely targeted HIV risk reduction intervention for young men who have sex with men (MSM), ages 16 to 20, at risk for HIV acquisition or transmission. In year one, the preliminary components of a primary prevention intervention for young MSM aged 16-20 will result from the findings of qualitative interviews conducted among a multiethnic sample of 21 young MSM (aged 18-24) who acquired HIV through male-to-male sexual contact between ages 16-20. In year two, a preliminary primary prevention intervention curriculum will be completed and subsequently refined through community advisory board review. In year three, the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention will be tested in a two-arm randomized controlled trial in a community-based agency with excellent access to and research experience with the population. We will enroll 100 at-risk young MSM ages 16-20; two-thirds of the sample (N=66)will be randomized to the intervention condition while one-third (N=34) will be randomized to the time-matched attention control condition and receive standard health promotion information in a group-based format. Sexual risk will be assessed at baseline, 6, and 12 weeks post-intervention. The specific aims of this exploratory study are: 1) to design an HIV and substance use primary prevention program for 16-20 year-old urban, ethnically-diverse YMSM; 2) to pilot test and refine study methods; 3) to test the revised multi-ethnic intervention with 100 young YMSM and examine preliminary effects on risky sexual behavior, alcohol/drug use, and psychosocial intermediate outcomes specified by our theoretical framework in preparation for a large-scale, efficacy study. An additional exploratory aim is to describe the prevalence of HIV and STIs in the community recruited sample.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 121 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Feasibility and Acceptability Trial of Behavioral Group-based HIV Prevention Intervention for Young Men Who Have Sex With Men (YMSM).
Study Start Date : July 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MyPeeps Manualized Group Intervention
Highly interactive, HIV prevention skills-based group intervention in 6 sessions. Tailored to YMSM.
Behavioral: MyPeeps Manualized Group Intervention
Topics include: HIV/STI transmission, interpersonal communication, stigma management, condom use, substance use and risky sex, HIV-related harm reduction
Other Name: MyPeeps Intervention

Active Comparator: Standard Sexual Health Education
Educational group intervention focused on HIV and STI knowledge using a lecture-based format in 6 sessions. Non-tailored to YMSM.
Behavioral: Standard Sexual Health Education
Topics include: HIV/STI transmission facts, myths regarding HIV transmission, information on effectiveness of condom use
Other Name: Sexual health education-as-usual

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in AIDS-risk behavior (AIDS-Risk Behavior Assessment - ARBA) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6- and 12-week ]
    The ARBA assesses changes in substance use (i.e, type of drugs, number of times, method), sexual behavior (e.g., frequency of condom use, frequency of sex with high-risk partners, frequency of sex while using drugs or alcohol, number of partners, frequency of vaginal, oral, and anal sex, and age of sexual debut) and lifetime needle use (e.g., any history of tattooing, sharing, and piercing) across three time periods (i.e., 2 weeks preintervention, 6 week postintervention, and 12 week postintervention).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 20 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • able to speak and read English
  • age 16-20
  • biological/cisgender male
  • willing and able to provide assent/consent
  • HIV-negative or of an unknown HIV serostatus
  • sexually active with male partner in past 12 mos.
  • willing to provide locator information

Exclusion Criteria:

  • unable to provide informed consent due to severe mental or physical illness, or substance intoxication at the time of interview
  • active suicidal ideation at the time of baseline interview

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01771237

United States, Illinois
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Howard Brown Health Center
Principal Investigator: Robert Garofalo, MD, MPH Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago Identifier: NCT01771237     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R34MH079707 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 18, 2013    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

Keywords provided by Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago:
HIV infection

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Substance-Related Disorders
Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders