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Early Switch From First-Line Docetaxel/Prednisone to Cabazitaxel/Prednisone and the Opposite Sequence, Exploring Molecular Markers in Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) (TAXYNERGY)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01718353
First Posted: October 31, 2012
Last Update Posted: November 20, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi
  Purpose
Docetaxel and cabazitaxel are cancer chemotherapy agents of the taxane drug class. The purpose of this study is to explore the benefit, for treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), of a regimen in which participants begin treatment with either of these two taxane drugs (docetaxel or cabazitaxel, in combination with prednisone) and are switched to the other taxane drug if prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value does not decrease ≥30% after 4 cycles. As defined in study protocol amendment 3, efficacy results are summarized for all participants combined, irrespective of which agent (docetaxel or cabazitaxel) was administered initially, rather than separately for the two groups based on taxane administered initially. One of the primary outcome measures is percentage of participants with a ≥50% sustained decrease from baseline in PSA at any time during the trial. By providing an opportunity for patients to switch taxane based on early PSA response, there may be a difference in result for this measure versus result in a study where it was not possible to switch. The other primary outcome measures are change from baseline in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) biomarkers percent androgen receptor nuclear localization (%ARNL) and microtubule bundling (MTB).

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer Metastatic Drug: DOCETAXEL (XRP6976) Drug: CABAZITAXEL (XRP6258) Drug: Prednisone Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial to Evaluate Benefit of Early Switch From First-Line Docetaxel/Prednisone to Cabazitaxel/Prednisone and the Opposite Sequence, Exploring Molecular Markers and Mechanisms of Taxane Resistance in Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) Who Have Not Received Prior Chemotherapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sanofi:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With PSA Response [ Time Frame: Baseline, Pre-dose every 3 weeks, 30 days after last treatment administration (End of treatment [EOT]), every 3 months (for 1 year) then every 6 months until PSA progression or study cut-off, whichever was earlier (Maximum duration: 60 weeks) ]
    PSA response was defined as ≥50% decrease in PSA levels in both treatment arms from baseline, during the whole treatment, before treatment switch and after treatment switch. PSA progression was defined as decline of PSA from baseline (an increase of ≥25% [at least 2ng/ml] over the nadir value, confirmed by a second PSA value at least 3 weeks apart) and no decline of PSA from baseline (an increase of ≥25% [at least 2ng/ml] over the baseline value after 12 weeks of treatment, confirmed by a second PSA value at least 3 weeks apart). Because the purpose of this study is to explore the benefit of a regimen in which participants are switched to a different taxane if PSA does not decrease ≥30% after 4 cycles, irrespective of which agent (docetaxel or cabazitaxel) is administered initially, the data for participants who began treatment with docetaxel and for those who began treatment with cabazitaxel were combined for the efficacy analyses.

  • Drug-target Engagement in Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs): Change From Baseline at Cycle 1 Day 8 in Percent Androgen Receptor Nuclear Localization (%ARNL) by Categories of PSA Decrease From Baseline (≥50%, Not ≥50%) After Cycle 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Cycle 1 Day 8, Cycle 4 ]
    Analysis of CTCs is a co-primary endpoint. Growth of prostate cancer cells is dependent on sustained androgen receptor (AR) nuclear signaling. Taxanes (e.g., docetaxel and cabazitaxel) may mediate some of their activity in prostate cancer by impairing AR trafficking along the microtubules from the tumor cell cytoplasm into the nucleus, as a result of taxane-induced microtubule bundling (MTB). Blood samples were collected at baseline and post-treatment to allow isolation of CTCs, which were evaluated for tumor cell biomarker measures %ARNL and MTB score. %ARNL was assessed by quantitative analysis of images of CTCs captured by geometrically enhanced differential immunocapture (GEDI). Reduction from baseline in %ARNL (percentage of total cellular AR that is located in the nucleus) may indicate inhibition of AR signaling. Change from baseline in %ARNL at Cycle 1 Day 8 is summarized by categories of participants with PSA decrease from baseline (≥50%, Not ≥50%) after Cycle 4.

  • Drug-target Engagement in CTCs: Change From Baseline at Cycle 1 Day 8 in MTB by Categories of PSA Decrease From Baseline (≥30%, Not ≥30%) After Cycle 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Cycle 1 Day 8, Cycle 4 ]
    Analysis of CTCs is a co-primary endpoint. Growth of prostate cancer cells is dependent on sustained AR nuclear signaling. Taxanes (e.g., docetaxel and cabazitaxel) may mediate some of their activity in prostate cancer by impairing AR trafficking along the microtubules from the tumor cell cytoplasm into the nucleus, as a result of taxane-induced MTB. Blood samples were collected at baseline and post-treatment to allow isolation of CTCs, which were evaluated for tumor cell biomarker measures %ARNL and MTB score. MTB in images of CTCs captured by GEDI was qualitatively assessed by three independent operators for increase compared with baseline on a scale of 0 to 3 from no to most MTB increase. Increase from baseline in MTB may indicate inhibition of AR signaling. Change from baseline in MTB at Cycle 1 Day 8 is summarized by categories of participants with PSA decrease from baseline (≥30%, Not ≥30%) after Cycle 4.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From Baseline until DP or death due to any cause or study cut off, whichever was earlier (Maximum duration: 60 weeks) ]
    PFS was defined as the time interval between the date of random allocation of the treatment and the date of first documentation of any of the following: radiographic tumor progression (using Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST1.1] before any switch and during the study), clinical progression (including skeletal-related events, increasing pain requiring escalation of narcotic analgesics, urinary obstruction), PSA progression or death from any cause. Analysis was performed by Kaplan Meier method.

  • PSA Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: From Baseline until DP or death due to any cause or study cut off date, whichever was earlier (Maximum duration: 60 weeks) ]
    PSA progression-free survival before any switch and PSA progression free survival during the study was defined as the time interval between the date of Day 1 of Cycle 1 to the date of either first PSA progression or death due to any cause whichever came first. PSA progression was defined as decline of PSA from baseline (an increase of ≥25% [at least 2ng/mL] over the nadir value, confirmed by a second PSA value at least 3 weeks apart) and no decline of PSA from baseline (an increase of ≥25% [at least 2ng/mL] over the baseline value after 12 weeks of treatment, confirmed by a second PSA value at least 3 weeks apart).

  • Percentage of Participants With Objective Response [ Time Frame: From baseline until DP or study cut off, whichever was earlier (Maximum duration: 60 weeks) ]
  • Radiographic Progression-free Survival (rPFS) [ Time Frame: From baseline, every 12 weeks until radiological tumor progression or study cut-off, whichever was earlier (Maximum duration: 60 weeks) ]
  • Clinical Progression-free Survival (cPFS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Pre-dose every 3 weeks, EOT, every 3 months (for 1 year) until first SRE occurrence or death or study cut-off, whichever was earlier (Maximum duration: 60 weeks) ]
    cPFS was assessed before switch and during the study including skeletal-related events (SRE), increasing pain requiring escalation of narcotic analgesics, urinary obstruction, etc. SRE included pathological fractures and/or spinal cord compression, need for bone irradiation (including radioisotopes or bone surgery), change of antineoplastic therapy (including introduction of bisphosphonates or denosumab in the face of increase in pain) to treat bone pain. Pain was assessed using present pain intensity (PPI) scale (0=no pain, up to 5=excruciating pain) and analgesics used for cancer pain (1 point for non-narcotic medications and 4 points for narcotic medications).

  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From baseline until death due to any cause or study cut-off, whichever was earlier (Maximum duration: 60 weeks) ]
    Overall survival before switch and overall survival during the study was defined as the time interval from the date of random allocation to the date of death due to any cause until study cut-off date.

  • Percentage of Participants With ≥30% and ≥50% Reduction in PSA Response [ Time Frame: From baseline until DP or study cut-off, whichever was earlier (Maximum duration: 60 weeks) ]
    Participants with ≥30% and ≥50% reduction in PSA response from base line were evaluated in participants who were previously treated with a high potency androgen receptor (AR)-targeted agent (AR signaling inhibitor or cytochrome P450 17 alphahydroxylase/17,20lyase [CYP 17] inhibitor).


Enrollment: 63
Study Start Date: March 2013
Study Completion Date: August 2015
Primary Completion Date: August 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Docetaxel + Prednisone (Treatment A)
Docetaxel 75 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV) infusion on Day 1 of Cycle 1 and every 3 weeks (q3w) thereafter, in combination with Prednisone (or Prednisolone) 10 mg orally daily. Participants with <30% PSA reduction from baseline at the end of Cycle 4 switched to Cabazitaxel 25mg/m^2 IV infusion on Day 1 of Cycle 5 and q3w thereafter, in combination with Prednisone (or Prednisolone) 10 mg orally daily until disease progression (DP), death, unacceptable toxicity or participant's refusal of further study treatment. Participants with ≥30% PSA reduction from baseline at the end of Cycle 4, continued on the same treatment which they received before switching until DP, death, unacceptable toxicity or participant's refusal of further study treatment.
Drug: DOCETAXEL (XRP6976)
Pharmaceutical form: Concentrate for solution for infusion Route of administration: Intravenous
Other Name: Taxotere®
Drug: Prednisone
Pharmaceutical form: Tablet Route of administration: Oral
Experimental: Cabazitaxel + Prednisone (Treatment B)
Cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 IV infusion on Day 1 of Cycle 1 and q3w thereafter, in combination with Prednisone (or Prednisolone) 10 mg orally daily. Participants with <30% PSA reduction from baseline at the end of Cycle 4 switched to Docetaxel 75mg/m^2 IV infusion on Day 1 of Cycle 5 and q3w thereafter, in combination with Prednisone (or Prednisolone) 10 mg orally daily until DP, death, unacceptable toxicity or participant's refusal of further study treatment. Participants with ≥30% PSA reduction from baseline at the end of Cycle 4, continued on the same treatment which they received before switching until DP, death, unacceptable toxicity or participant's refusal of further study treatment.
Drug: CABAZITAXEL (XRP6258)
Pharmaceutical form: Concentrate and solvent for solution for infusion Route of administration: Intravenous
Other Name: Jevtana®
Drug: Prednisone
Pharmaceutical form: Tablet Route of administration: Oral

Detailed Description:
  • Participants were treated until progressive disease, unacceptable toxicity, death, or participant's refusal of further study treatment. All participants were followed until death or the study cut-off date, whichever came first.
  • Study cut-off was 1 month after the last participant last treatment.
  • Participants alive at the cut-off date were not followed for overall survival.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria :

  • Histologically- or cytologically-confirmed prostate adenocarcinoma with documented distant metastases (M1 disease).
  • Progressive disease while receiving hormonal therapy or after surgical castration.
  • Effective castration (serum testosterone levels ≤50 ng/dL) by orchiectomy and/or luteinizing hormone releasing hormone agonists or antagonist with or without anti-androgens.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Prior chemotherapy for prostate cancer, except estramustine and adjuvant/neoadjuvant treatment completed >3 years ago. Prior treatment with sipuleucel-T immunotherapy was allowed at the condition participant did not receive prior chemotherapy.
  • Less than 28 days elapsed from prior treatment with estramustine, radiotherapy or surgery to the time of random allocation.
  • Prior beta isotope therapy, whole pelvic radiotherapy, or radiotherapy to >30% of bone marrow.
  • Adverse events (excluding alopecia and those listed in the specific exclusion criteria) from any prior anticancer therapy of grade >1(National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [NCI CTCAE] v4.03) at the time of random allocation.
  • Less than 18 years of age.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status >2.
  • History of brain metastases, uncontrolled spinal cord compression, or carcinomatous meningitis or new evidence of brain or leptomeningeal disease.
  • Prior malignancy. Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin or superficial (pTis, pTa and pT1) bladder cancer were allowed, as well as any other cancer for which chemotherapy had been completed ≥3 years ago and from which the participant had been disease-free for ≥3 years.
  • Participation in another clinical trial and any concurrent treatment with any investigational drug within 30 days prior to random allocation.
  • Any of the following within 6 months prior to study enrollment: myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina pectoris, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV congestive heart failure, stroke or transient ischemic attack.
  • Any of the following within 3 months prior to random allocation: treatment resistant peptic ulcer disease, erosive esophagitis or gastritis, infectious or inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis, pulmonary embolism, or other uncontrolled thromboembolic event.
  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illnesses or known HIV disease requiring antiretroviral treatment.
  • Any severe acute or chronic medical condition which could impair the ability of the participant to participate in to the study or interfere with interpretation of study results, or participant unable to comply with the study procedures.
  • Concomitant treatment with biphosphonates or denosumab except if the dose had been stable for 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Absence of signed and dated Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved participant informed consent prior to enrollment into the study.
  • Participants with reproductive potential who did not agree to use an accepted and effective method of contraception during the study treatment period. The definition of "effective method of contraception" was based on the investigator's judgment.
  • History of hypersensitivity to docetaxel or polysorbate 80.
  • Inadequate organ and bone marrow function.
  • Contraindications to the use of corticosteroid treatment.
  • Symptomatic peripheral neuropathy grade >2 (NCI CTCAE v.4.03).
  • Treatment with strong inhibitors or strong inducers of cytochrome P450 3A4/5 (a two-week wash-out period was necessary for participants who were already on these treatments).

The above information was not intended to contain all considerations relevant to a participant's potential participation in a clinical trial.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01718353


Locations
United States, Alabama
Investigational Site Number 840003
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294-3300
United States, District of Columbia
Investigational Site Number 840102
Washington, D.C., District of Columbia, United States, 20016-2695
United States, Indiana
Investigational Site Number 840005
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, Louisiana
Investigational Site Number 840025
Metairie, Louisiana, United States, 70006
United States, Maryland
Investigational Site Number 840002
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21230
Investigational Site Number 840007
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20817
Investigational Site Number 840017
Rockville, Maryland, United States, 20850
United States, New Jersey
Investigational Site Number 840010
Cherry Hill, New Jersey, United States, 08003
Investigational Site Number 840015
East Orange, New Jersey, United States, 07018
United States, New York
Investigational Site Number 840001
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Investigational Site Number 840013
New York, New York, United States, 10029-6574
United States, South Carolina
Investigational Site Number 840009
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29414
United States, Washington
Investigational Site Number 840012
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
United States, Wisconsin
Investigational Site Number 840004
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705
Canada, Alberta
Investigational Site Number 124001
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 1Z2
Canada, Quebec
Investigational Site Number 124004
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2L 4M1
Investigational Site Number 124002
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2W1S6
Investigational Site Number 124006
Québec, Quebec, Canada, G1R 2J6
Investigational Site Number 124005
Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, J1H 5N4
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sanofi
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Sciences & Operations Sanofi
  More Information

Responsible Party: Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01718353     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CABAZL06056
U1111-1130-9893 ( Other Identifier: UTN )
First Submitted: October 29, 2012
First Posted: October 31, 2012
Results First Submitted: August 5, 2016
Results First Posted: November 20, 2017
Last Update Posted: November 20, 2017
Last Verified: August 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Docetaxel
Prednisone
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal