Creatine Monohydrate as Adjuvant Therapy for Bipolar Depression
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Bipolar Depression is associated with high rates of disability and increased mortality. Despite its major negative impact, treatment of Bipolar Depression is still controversial and only partially efficacious, with over half of patients not responding adequately to available treatment. In this context, the use of drugs that modulate energy metabolism has been proposed as promising new option as treatment strategies for bipolar depression. The aim of our proposed study is to perform a 6-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of creatine monohydrate as an adjuvant treatment for bipolar depression.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 60 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Individuals eligible for the study will be adults aged 18 to 60 years of age who met DSM-IV criteria assessed by the SCID (Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV) for type I bipolar disorder, current episode depressed.
Patients who have scored > 19 on the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) will be included, although more than two weeks of treatment with lithium (serum level> 0.8 mEq / L), valproate (serum levels> 50 mg / L) or quetiapine (300-600mg/dia dose) or drug combination.
Antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, benzodiazepines, and thyroid supplementation will be allowed if the dose has remained stable over the past two weeks.
Antidepressants will be allowed if the dosage has remained stable for 4 weeks.
Subjects with substance abuse within 2 weeks before inclusion or substance dependence up to 2 months will not be included.
Other exclusion criteria will be:
diagnosis of schizophrenia,
clinically unstable medical illnesses,
preexisting renal disease,
history of hypersensibility to creatine.
Not included are individuals at high risk for suicidal or homicidal behavior or self-mutilation will not be included.
Women with gestational potential can only be included if they are using reliable contraception.