This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Mental Practice in Chronic, Stroke Induced Hemiparesis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stephen Page, The Ohio State University Identifier:
First received: July 23, 2012
Last updated: January 4, 2017
Last verified: January 2017
Stroke is the leading cause of disability in the United States, producing motor impairments that compromise performance of valued activities. Hemiparesis (or weakness in one arm) is particularly disabling, is the primary impairment underlying stroke-related disability, and the most frequent impairment treated by therapists in the United States. This study will test efficacy of a promising technique in reducing arm disability and increasing function, thereby improving outcomes and health, reducing care costs, for community dwelling patients with stroke-induced hemiparesis.

Condition Intervention Phase
Hemiparesis Behavioral: Mental Practice Group Behavioral: Active Control Group Phase 2 Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Mental Practice in Chronic, Stroke-Induced Hemiparesis

Further study details as provided by Stephen Page, The Ohio State University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in movement in the affected fingers and wrist as measured by the Action Research Arm Test [ Time Frame: 2-3 weeks before intervention; 1 week after intervention; 3 months after intervention ]
    This is a measure that examines the participant's ability to use the affected wrist and fingers to grasp, pinch, and grip small objects (i.e., fine motor skills). Gross movements(e.g., touching the top of the head using the affected arm) are also briefly examined. The investigator will measure changes in these abilities. We will do this by administering the measure before and after participation in the study to determine if a change occurred in patients' movement abilities.

Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: September 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2016
Primary Completion Date: August 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Experimental: Mental Practice Group Behavioral: Mental Practice Group
Patients are administered rehabilitative therapy targeting their affected arms on 3 days/week during a ten week period. Directly after the therapy session, they participate in targeted mental practice session in which they cognitively rehearse the movement that they just physically practiced.
Active Comparator: Active Comparator: Active Control Group Behavioral: Active Control Group
Individuals assigned to this group are administrated rehabilitative therapy targeting their affected arms in half four increments, occurring 3 days/week for 10 weeks. They also are administered an intervention in which they listen to a relaxation tape and/or tapes in which they receive instructions on exercises and information on stroke care.


Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • a Fugl-Meyer score > 27, which is indicative of minimal to moderate arm impairment;
  • stroke experienced > 6 months prior to study enrollment;
  • minimal cognitive impairment, a score > 25 on the Folstein Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE);
  • age > 21 years old and < 80 years old;
  • have experienced one clinical stroke as verified by a physician;
  • discharged from all forms of physical rehabilitation targeting the affected arm.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • < 21 years old;
  • excessive pain in the affected hand, arm or shoulder, as measured by a score > 5 on a 10-point visual analog scale;
  • excessive spasticity in the affected biceps, triceps, wrist, or fingers, as defined as a score of greater than or equal to 2 on the Modified Ashworth Spasticity Scale;
  • currently participating in any experimental rehabilitation or drug studies targeting UE;
  • mirrors movements(i.e., involuntary movements by the unaffected hand during attempts at unilateral movement by the stroke-affected hand during attempts at unilateral movement by the stroke-affected hand);
  • history of parietal stroke (because some data suggest that ability to estimate manual motor performance through mental imagery is disturbed after parietal lobe damage);
  • affected arm joint restriction that in the opinion of the investigator would hinder study participation
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01651533

United States, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio, United States
The Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stephen Page
Principal Investigator: Stephen Page, PhD,M.S. Ohio State University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Stephen Page, Associate Professor School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Division of Occupational Therapy, The Ohio State University Identifier: NCT01651533     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01308398
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011H0216
Study First Received: July 23, 2012
Last Updated: January 4, 2017

Keywords provided by Stephen Page, The Ohio State University:
Mental practice group
Active control group

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms processed this record on September 21, 2017