Reducing Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)/Human Immunodeficient Virus (HIV) Risk Behaviors Among Injection Drug Users in China
The proposed study will investigate the knowledge level, attitudes, and perceptions among staff of Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) clinics and intravenous drug users (IDUs) who attending MMT clinics, which is the most reachable population for HCV/HIV intervention in China. This study will also explore the barriers that prevent IDUs from getting HCV/HIV intervention/prevention and medical care services. This study will help to understand and address this important problem in China and other Asian countries.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
- Knowledge、Risk Behaviors and some other aspects related to HCV/HIV will be measured among IDUs in MMT [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]HCV/HIV knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, risk behaviors, and infections (HIV, HCV, and HIV/HCV co-infection) will be measured by HCV/HIV knowledge questionnaire,HCV/HIV self-efficacy scale,Attitudes and practices regarding HCV/HIV infection among IDUs in MMT
- The barriers will be measured. [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The barriers that impact IDUs receiving HCV/HIV-related intervention and medical service will be measured by Focus group instruments,which including potential topics as follow: what kind of HCV/HIV service do you provide to IDUs? What are the most important barriers that impact IDUs obtaining HCV services? What are the important barriers that prevent you from offering HCV/HIV-related service to IDUs? What recommendation do you have to increase HCV/HIV-related medical services in MMT clinics?.
- The ways will be measured. [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The ways to facilitate MMT staff to provide HCV/HIV-related services to IDUs will be measured by HCV/HIV self-efficacy scale.
|Study Start Date:||July 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: intervention group
The investigators will use a variety of learning techniques, including lecture, brainstorming, small and large group activity, individual worksheets, role-play, and video player. For example, small teams of up to 5 participants will conduct role-plays; large groups also will be assembled to encourage talking about HCV-related risk reduction behavior.
Behavioral: intervention group
Other Name: some types intervention activities for this group
Active Comparator: control group
The investigators will adopt previous treatment in the clinics to intervent the patients without any type of target intervention for this group.
Behavioral: control group
The investigators will adopt previous treatment in the clinics to intervent the patients
Other Name: without any type of target intervention for this group
The investigators propose to conduct 3 inter-related studies over 4 years using both qualitative and quantitative research methods to address a series of research questions. Firstly, The investigators will begin by assessing HCV/HIV knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, risk behaviors, and infection among IDUs in MMT clinics (Study 1) and HCV/HIV knowledge, attitudes, and HCV/HIV-related services among MMT staff (Study 2). Secondly, based on knowledge accumulated from Studies 1 & 2; The investigators will adapt and develop HCV/HIV education materials appropriate for Chinese IDUs and drug treatment service providers, and then use the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change as a conceptual model to measure if our educational program will increase patients' readiness to consider changing HCV/HIV risk behaviors and getting medical care for HCV/HIV (Study 3). Finally, by integrating findings of these three studies and by consulting with leading experts in HCV/HIV. The investigators plan to develop HCV/HIV intervention program applicable in China, which can be tested in future formal experimental trials.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01647191
|Shanghai Hong Kou MMT clinic|
|Shanghai, Shanghai, China|
|Shanghai Yang Pu MMT clinic|
|Shanghai, Shanghai, China|
|Principal Investigator:||Jiang Du, M.D||Shanghai Mental Health Center|