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Tosedostat and Cytarabine or Azacitidine in Treating Older Participants With Acute Myeloid Leukemia or High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01636609
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 10, 2012
Last Update Posted : September 19, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of cytarabine and azacitidine and how well they work when giving together with tosedostat in treating older participants with acute myeloid leukemia or high risk myelodysplastic syndrome. Tosedostat and azacitidine may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving tosedostat and cytarabine or azacitidine may work better in treating participants with acute myeloid leukemia or high risk myelodysplastic syndrome.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome Drug: Azacitidine Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Tosedostat Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety profile of tosedostat (oral) in combination with cytarabine (subcutaneous [SQ]) or azacitidine (5-azacytidine) in patients age 60 years or older with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or high risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).

II. To observe the anti-tumor effects of tosedostat in combination with cytarabine or 5-azacytidine, if any occur.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation of cytarabine and azacitidine followed by a phase II study. Participants are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Participants receive tosedostat orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 and cytarabine subcutaneously (SC) twice daily (BID) on days 1-10. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Participants receive tosedostat PO QD on days 1-28 and azacitidine intravenously (IV) over 10-40 minutes or SC for on days 1-7. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, participants will be followed up at 28 days and then every 3-5 months thereafter.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 96 participants
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of Cytarabine or 5-Azacitidine Combined With Tosedostat to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability in Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) or High Risk MDS
Actual Study Start Date : November 20, 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (tosedostat, cytarabine)
Participants receive tosedostat PO QD on days 1-28 and cytarabine SC BID on days 1-10. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Cytarabine
Given SC
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Tosedostat
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aminopeptidase inhibitor CHR-2797
  • CHR-2797

Experimental: Arm II (tosedostat, azacitidine)
Participants receive tosedostat PO QD on days 1-28 and azacitidine IV over 10-40 minutes or SC on days 1-7. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Azacitidine
Given IV or SC
Other Names:
  • 5 AZC
  • 5-AC
  • 5-Azacytidine
  • 5-AZC
  • Azacytidine
  • Azacytidine, 5-
  • Ladakamycin
  • Mylosar
  • U-18496
  • Vidaza

Drug: Tosedostat
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aminopeptidase inhibitor CHR-2797
  • CHR-2797




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose of cytarabine and azacitidine (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
  2. Overall response defined as complete response (CR), CR with incomplete platelet recovery (CRp) or CR with insufficient hematological recovery (CRi), morphologic leukemia free state (MLF), partial response (PR), or hematologic improvement (HI) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed, informed consent must be obtained prior to any study specific procedures
  • For the phase I portion of the study patients should have failed any number of prior therapies, which should include at least the following:

    • Patients with MDS should have failed prior therapy with a hypomethylating agent and/or with lenalidomide
    • Patients with AML should have failed any prior induction therapy or have relapsed after prior therapy
    • Patients with MDS who received therapy with a hypomethylating agent and progress to AML are eligible at the time of diagnosis of AML regardless of any prior therapy for AML
    • Patients with any of the eligible diagnoses who have received no prior therapy are eligible if not candidates to receive standard therapy or if they refuse standard chemotherapy
  • For the phase II portion of the study, only patients who are previously untreated for AML. 1. Patients with history of MDS who received therapy for MDS and progressed to AML are eligible at the time of diagnosis of AML. Only induction chemotherapy administered for AML will be considered for considerations of eligibility regarding prior therapy. Patients who received therapy for MDS before transforming to AML (e.g., with hypomethylating agents or lenalidomide) are eligible
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  • Women of child-bearing potential (i.e., women who are pre-menopausal or not surgically sterile) must use acceptable contraceptive methods (abstinence, intrauterine device [IUD], oral contraceptive or double barrier device) while on study and must continue to do so for 3 months after stopping study drug, and must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 2 weeks prior to beginning treatment on this trial. Sexually active men must also use acceptable contraceptive methods for the duration of time on study. Pregnant and nursing patients are excluded because the effects of tosedostat on a fetus or nursing child are unknown
  • Patients must have been off chemotherapy for 2 weeks prior to entering this study, unless there is evidence of rapidly progressive disease, and must have recovered from the toxic effects of that therapy to at least grade 1. Use of hydroxyurea for patients with rapidly proliferative disease is allowed before the start of study therapy and for the first four weeks on therapy
  • Serum creatinine =< 2.0 mg/dl
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x the upper limit of normal unless considered due to Gilbert's syndrome
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x the upper limit of normal
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50% within 28 days prior to first dose of study drug administration
  • Patient is able to comply with all study procedures including study drug administration, visits and tests
  • For patients with history of anthracycline exposure or coronary artery disease co-management by cardiology to optimize cardioprotective medications will be required prior to tosedostat initiation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to uncontrolled infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Active heart disease including myocardial infarction within previous 6 months, symptomatic coronary artery disease, clinically significant arrhythmias not controlled by medication, atrial fibrillation (whether active or known past history), uncontrolled angina, or uncontrolled congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV)
  • Recent exposure to cardiotoxic agents (including anthracyclines) within 3 months of enrollment. Subjects with troponin-I and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels above upper limit of normal (ULN) are excluded
  • Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) (FAB type M3) or chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in blast crisis
  • Significant gastrointestinal disorders that may interfere with absorption of tosedostat
  • Patients who have received a stem cell transplant in the past
  • Patients who can receive an allogeneic stem cell transplant within 4 weeks
  • Use of concomitant drugs that prolong QT/corrected QT (QTc) interval are prohibited with the exception of antibiotics, antifungals, and other antimicrobials that are used as standard of care to prevent or treat infections and other such drugs that are considered absolutely essential for the care of the patient, but only if clinically indicated and must be fully documented

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01636609


Locations
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jorge Cortes M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01636609     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-0188
NCI-2018-01817 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2011-0188 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 10, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 19, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Syndrome
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Cytarabine
Azacitidine
Glycine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Enzyme Inhibitors
Glycine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents