Study of Human Central Nervous System Stem Cells (HuCNS-SC) in Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
The purpose of this Phase I/II study is to investigate the safety and preliminary efficacy of unilateral subretinal transplantation of HuCNS-SC cells in subjects with geographic atrophy secondary to age-related macular degeneration.
Age Related Macular Degeneration
Drug: HuCNS-SC cells
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase I/II Study of the Safety and Preliminary Efficacy of Human Central Nervous System Stem Cells (HuCNS-SC) Subretinal Transplantation in Subjects With Geographic Atrophy of Age-Related Macular Degeneration|
- Number of subjects with adverse events [ Time Frame: One year following transplant surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Descriptive analysis of frequency and types of adverse events experienced by each subject during the study period.
- Assessment of visual function changes from baseline [ Time Frame: At frequent intervals for one year following transplantation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Assessments will include BCVA by the E-ETDRS acuity test, fluorescein angiography and fundus photography, spectral domain ocular coherence tomography (OCT), microperimetry, multifocal electroretinography, contrast sensitivity, and a standardized questionnaire of visual function.
|Study Start Date:||June 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Drug: HuCNS-SC cells
HuCNS-SC cells transplantation directly into the subretinal space of one eye (Study eye) in a single transplant procedure.
Other Name: Human Central Nervous System Stem Cells
This study is an open-label dose-escalation investigation of the safety and preliminary efficacy of unilateral subretinal transplantation of HuCNS-SC cells in subjects with Geographic Atrophy secondary to Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD). Subjects will be enrolled based on specific inclusion/exclusion criteria and evaluated at regular post transplant intervals. The investigation will be divided into two sequential cohorts. Subjects will be enrolled into each cohort based on best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) visual acuity as determined by the Electronic Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (E-ETDRS) acuity test. BCVA of less than or equal to 20/400 in the Study Eye will be enrolled in Cohort I. Subjects with BCVA of 20/320 to 20/100 in the Study Eye will be enrolled in Cohort II. Cohort I will consist of four subjects who will undergo transplant with 200,000 cells followed by four subjects who will undergo transplant with 1 million cells. Cohort II will consist of 7 subjects who will undergo transplant with 1 million cells. An independent Data Monitoring Committee (DMC) will review accruing safety data for all subjects.
HuCNS-SC cells will be transplanted by a board-certified vitreoretinal surgeon. The transplantation will be conducted in the eye with the inferior best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (i.e., the Study Eye). Only the Study Eye will undergo transplantation. The HuCNS-SC cells will be administered into the subretinal space through a standard surgical approach.
Immunosuppressive agents will be administered orally to all subjects for a period of three months after surgery.
Subjects will be monitored frequently for a total of one year after HuCNS-SC cell transplantation. An additional four years of monitoring will be conducted in a separate follow-up study that will commence with the termination visit of the Phase I/II investigation. The follow-up study will be conducted as a separate investigation.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01632527
|United States, California|
|Retina-Vitreaous Associates Medical Group|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90211|
|Byers Eye Institute at Stanford, Stanford Hospital and Clinics|
|Palo Alto, California, United States, 94303|
|United States, New York|
|New York Eye and Ear Infirmary|
|New York, New York, United States, 10003|
|United States, Texas|
|Retina Research Institute of Texas|
|Abilene, Texas, United States, 79606|
|Retina Foundation of the Southwest|
|Dallas, Texas, United States, 75231|
|Study Director:||Stephen Huhn, M.D.||StemCells, Inc.|