Intervention to Support the Reintegration of Former Combatants and Soldiers
Recruitment status was: Enrolling by invitation
|Appetitive Aggression Post-traumatic Stress Disorder||Behavioral: NET for Forensic Offender Rehabilitation (FORNET): a variant of Narrative Exposure Therapy Other: Control group||Phase 2 Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Appetitive Aggression (Appetitive Aggression Scale) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (Post-traumatic Diagnostic Scale, PDS) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Symptoms of depression (Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Functionality (Work and Social Adjustment Scale) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Substance abuse [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Re-integration questionnaire [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||February 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||February 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: NET for Forensic Offender Rehabilitation
Narrative Exposure Therapy for Forensic Offender Rehabilitation (FORNET)
Behavioral: NET for Forensic Offender Rehabilitation (FORNET): a variant of Narrative Exposure Therapy
During the proposed therapy, the client constructs a chronological narrative of his or her whole life which includes all traumatic experiences and perpetrated violent acts. All emotions, cognitions, sensory information, and physiological reactions are activated and linked to the autobiographical context.In five sessions the trained therapist and the client try to go through all important traumatic experiences and perpetrated violent acts. The sixth session is a group session with four to five clients. The group session is oriented on Interpersonal Psychotherapy and focuses on the role change from soldier to civilian.Other: Control group
The control group receives no intervention.
The reintegration of former child soldiers and ex-combatants is a big challenge in war-torn countries. Former child soldiers and ex-combatants often suffer from mental health problems and show enhanced levels of aggression. The present study focuses on the reduction of appetitive aggression and the improvement of mental health in former child soldiers and ex-combatants in DR Congo.
The project consists of four steps:
- Training of selected DDRRR personnel(first generation)in FORNET (a variant of Narrative Exposure Therapy to treat trauma-related disorders and to reduce appetitive aggression)by experts from the University of Konstanz.
- Treatment phase 1: Intervention will be carried out by therapists of the first generation. The trained therapists of the first generation will be supervised from the experts of the University of Konstanz.
- Training of a second generation of DDRRR personnel in FORNET by the therapists of the first generation.
- Treatment phase 2: Intervention will be carried out by therapists of the second generation. The trained therapists of the second generation will be supervised from the therapists of the first generation.
The study is conceived as a randomized controlled study. In phase 1 and in phase 2, study participants will be randomized allocated to the intervention group (FORNET) and the control group (no intervention). The treatment effect will be measured by pre-post and 6-months follow-up evaluations.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01624987
|Transit Camp for ex-combatants/Reintegration camp for ex-combatants (ETN)|
|Study Director:||Thomas Elbert, Prof. Dr.||University of Konstanz|