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Panda: Evaluation of a Smartphone-based Perioperative Pain Assessment Tool (Panda)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01610882
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 4, 2012
Last Update Posted : October 26, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Ansermino, University of British Columbia

Brief Summary:
This study will evaluate Panda, a smartphone-based pain assessment tool. During a child's recovery from surgery, a Post-Anesthetic Care Unit nurse will assess their pain, which helps determine what medication they need. Traditionally, this involves asking the child to rate their pain on a scale from 1 to 10, by moving a slider along a coloured scale or pointing to one of a series of faces on a piece of card. The Panda uses the same methods, but presents them on a smartphone screen. Our evaluation will ensure that the Panda gives the same pain scores as the traditional methods.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Post-operative Pain Device: Panda first followed by manual pain assessment Device: Manual first followed by Panda pain assessment Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to ensure that Panda, a smartphone-based pain assessment tool, can be used effectively by children after surgery and that the pain scores it obtains agree with the scores obtained using traditional methods of pain assessment. In particular the aim is to show agreement (a) between pain scores obtained using Panda and pain scores obtained using the Faces Pain Scale-Revised for 4-12 year olds and (b) between pain scores obtained using Panda and pain scores obtained using the Coloured Analogue Scale (CAS) for 5-18 year olds.

We will recruit children between 4 and 18 years old, in general good health, who are scheduled for surgery. We will exclude any child who has a psychiatric diagnosis, developmental delay or brain injury, significant visual impairment or psychomotor dysfunction.

This study is taking place in the Post-anesthetic Care Unit (PACU) at BC Children's Hospital. We will recruit 200 children in total. The study procedures include the following:

Stage 1 - pre-clinical usability study: we will conduct a series of participatory design sessions with nurses in the PACU and with 20 children in the Surgical Day Care Unit (SDCU)

Stage 2 - clinical validation study: children will be asked to rate their pain using both the Panda and a traditional tool (which is used first will be decided randomly); during this stage, children will also be asked their opinion (e.g. which tool they preferred using and about any problems they experienced using either tool).

All scores will be recorded on the Panda device and extracted at the end of each day. No pain medication will be administered on the basis of a pain score obtained using the Panda.

Panda will be compared with the traditional method (FPS-R and CAS) within 3 different age groups (4-8, 8-12 and 12-18), using the following criteria: practicality, based on failure rates in obtaining pain scores from Panda compared with traditional method; preference for Panda compared with traditional method; agreement between the Panda score and the traditional score.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 144 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Panda: Evaluation of a Smartphone-based Perioperative Pain Assessment Tool
Study Start Date : May 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Health Checkup

Arm Intervention/treatment
Panda first
Panda evaluation of post-operative pain first, followed by manual method of pain assessment.
Device: Panda first followed by manual pain assessment
Panda is a smart-phone based application designed to assess post-operative pain; manual method involves use of CAS/FPS-R on paper. Panda will be used first, manual method 5 mins later.

Manual first
Manual evaluation of post-operative pain first followed by Panda pain assessment.
Device: Manual first followed by Panda pain assessment
Panda is a smart-phone based application designed to assess post-operative pain; manual method involves use of CAS/FPS-R on paper. Manual method will be used first, Panda 5 mins later.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Concordance between the electronic and paper versions of the FPS-R and CAS pain scales [ Time Frame: Up to 2 hours following surgery ]
    The study aims to measure concordance between the (a) pain scores obtained using Panda and pain scores obtained using the Faces Pain Scale-Revised for 4-12 year olds and (b) pain scores obtained using Panda and pain scores obtained using the Coloured Analogue Scale (CAS) for 5-18 year olds.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Undergoing a surgical procedure for which there is an anticipated post-surgical pain model
  • Age 4 - 18 years
  • ASA I-III, not requiring admission to PICU
  • Written parental/guardian informed consent and subject informed assent when required (subject age ≥ 7 years)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children who have not undergone a surgical procedure (e.g. MRI, X-ray or endoscopy patients)
  • Inability or refusal to provide informed consent/assent
  • Developmental delay, neurological injury or psychomotor dysfunction
  • Children who have a significant visual impairment or have undergone eye surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01610882


Locations
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Canada, British Columbia
British Columbia Children's Hospital Department of Anesthesia
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6H 3V4
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of British Columbia
Investigators
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Study Director: Mark Ansermino UBC/Medicine, Faculty of/Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Principal Investigator: Gillian Lauder UBC/Medicine, Faculty of/Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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Responsible Party: Mark Ansermino, Principle Investigator, University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01610882    
Other Study ID Numbers: H12-01273
First Posted: June 4, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 26, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pain, Postoperative
Postoperative Complications
Pathologic Processes
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations