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A Study of 18F-AV-45 in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and Healthy Volunteers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01565343
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 28, 2012
Results First Posted : May 2, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 10, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Avid Radiopharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
This study will test if two AV-45 PET scans up to 4 weeks apart in AD subjects and healthy volunteers provide the same results. The study will also test two different AV-45 injection methods in a small subgroup of enrolled AD subjects (slow vs. fast bolus group).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer's Disease Drug: florbetapir F 18 Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Test-retest Reproducibility of 18F-AV-45 for Brain Imaging of Amyloid in Healthy Volunteers and Alzheimer's Disease Patients
Study Start Date : April 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: AD Subjects
Two bolus IV injections followed by brain PET scan up to 4 weeks apart
Drug: florbetapir F 18
IV injection, 370MBq (10mCi)
Other Names:
  • 18F-AV-45
  • Amyvid
  • florbetapir

Experimental: AD Subjects: Slow vs. Fast Bolus

Two bolus IV injections followed by a brain PET scan up to 4 weeks apart.

The first injection given as a rapid bolus (< 5 second injection, with immediate flush). The second injection given as a slow bolus (approximately 20 to 30 second injection with a flush delayed by 10 seconds after dose administration).

Drug: florbetapir F 18
IV injection, 370MBq (10mCi)
Other Names:
  • 18F-AV-45
  • Amyvid
  • florbetapir

Experimental: Healthy controls
Healthy male or female subjects; 35-55 years old. Two bolus IV injections followed by brain PET scan up to 4 weeks apart
Drug: florbetapir F 18
IV injection, 370MBq (10mCi)
Other Names:
  • 18F-AV-45
  • Amyvid
  • florbetapir

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Cortical to Cerebellum SUVR [ Time Frame: 50-70 min after injection ]
    Standardized Uptake Value ratio (SUVR) is the ratio of tracer uptake in predefined cortical regions, relative to uptake in the whole cerebellum.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria (AD group):

  • Greater than 50 years of age
  • Probable AD according to the National Institute of Neurological and Communication Disorders and Stroke-Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association (NINCDS-ADRDA) criteria
  • Mild/moderate dementia as evidenced by a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score ranging from 10 to 24, boundaries included, at screening
  • History of cognitive decline gradual in onset and progressive over a period of at least 6 months

Inclusion Criteria (healthy volunteer group):

  • 35 to 55 years of age, inclusive
  • MMSE of 29 or greater

Exclusion Criteria (both groups):

  • Neurodegenerative disorders other than AD, including, but not limited to Parkinson's disease, Pick's disease, fronto-temporal dementia, Huntington's chorea, Down syndrome, Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease, normal pressure hydrocephalus, and progressive supranuclear palsy
  • Diagnosis of other dementing / neurodegenerative disease
  • Diagnosis of mixed dementia
  • Cognitive impairment resulting from trauma, hypoxic damage, vitamin deficiency, brain infection, brain cancer, endocrine disease, or mental retardation
  • Clinically significant infarct or possible multi-infarct dementia as defined by the NINCDS criteria
  • Evidence on screening MRI or other biomarker that suggests alternate etiology for cognitive deficit (for healthy controls, evidence suggesting the presence of AD pathology)
  • Clinically significant psychiatric disease
  • History of epilepsy or convulsions
  • Clinically significant hepatic, renal, pulmonary, metabolic, or endocrine disturbances
  • Current clinically significant cardiovascular disease
  • Received investigational medication within the last 30 days

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01565343

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United States, Connecticut
Research Site
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06510
United States, Florida
Research Site
Hallandale Beach, Florida, United States, 33009
Research Site
West Palm Beach, Florida, United States, 33407
United States, Maryland
Research Site
North East, Maryland, United States, 21901
Sponsors and Collaborators
Avid Radiopharmaceuticals
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Study Director: Chief Medical Officer Avid Radiopharmaceuticals
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Responsible Party: Avid Radiopharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01565343    
Other Study ID Numbers: 18F-AV-45-A04
First Posted: March 28, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 2, 2012
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012
Keywords provided by Avid Radiopharmaceuticals:
Amyloid imaging
Positron Emission Tomography
florbetapir F 18
Diagnostic imaging
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders