Targeting HIV Risk Behaviors in Juvenile Drug Court-Involved Youth
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01511380|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 18, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2016
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Substance Use Sexual Risk Behaviors||Behavioral: Risk Reduction Therapy for Adolescents Behavioral: Usual services||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||120 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Targeting HIV Risk Behaviors in Juvenile Drug Court-Involved Youth|
|Study Start Date :||September 2008|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 2013|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 2013|
Experimental: Risk Reduction Therapy for Adolescents
Youth randomly assigned to RRTA will complete a family focused treatment program that will work with the youth and his or her caregiver to help reduce youth substance use and risky sexual behavior using principals of behavior modification and contingency management.
Behavioral: Risk Reduction Therapy for Adolescents
This project integrates CM and a family systems intervention for sexual risk with evidence-based family engagement strategies, and tests this intervention in a juvenile drug court setting. Due to the individualized nature of the proposed intervention, the specific course of treatment will vary by youth and family. Based on our experience with clinic-based treatment models it is anticipated that most families will remain in active treatment for 4-6 months and that, during this time, they will attend approximately 1-2 sessions per week, for 1-2 hours per session.
Active Comparator: Usual services
For youth randomly assigned to usual treatment services, the youth will receive the treatment services recommended by the drug court.
Behavioral: Usual services
In addition to the standard juvenile drug court requirements, youth randomly assigned to the usual services condition are also ordered to receive treatment services from the local state or privately-funded alcohol and drug treatment provider agencies. The service delivery model for agencies typically includes intensive outpatient, traditional outpatient, and home-based services, depending upon assessment of youth and family needs. Groups focus on risk reduction, peer influence, conflict resolution, and anger management. Additionally, youth might receive treatment pertaining to drug selling behavior, individual sessions and/or family group therapy. The theoretical orientations of the provider agencies are cognitive-behavioral and systems theory. Interventions are not usually manual driven, and selection of material is typically left to the therapists' discretion.
- Change in substance use frequency [ Time Frame: Baseline through 18 months post-baseline ]Self-reported substance use by the adolescent will be assessed using a variation of the Form 90. Urine drug screens for cannabis, cocaine, opiates, methamphetamines, and amphetamines will be collected using the "5-Test Integrated Cup" supplied by BioTechNostix.
- Change in delinquent behavior [ Time Frame: Baseline through 18 months post-baseline ]The 47-item Self-Report Delinquency Scale will be used to tap violent offending, general delinquency, and status offenses. Archival records maintained by state juvenile justice authorities will be used to examine youths' involvement in the juvenile and adult justice systems.
- Change in sexual risk behaviors [ Time Frame: Baseline through 18 months post-baseline ]The measure of sexual risk behaviors was selected to maximize the likelihood of identifying the highest-risk sexual behaviors. The Sexual Risk Behavior Scale has been used in previous HIV studies. This measure will be used to assess participant sexual encounters over the past 3 months and condom use during vaginal and anal sex.
- Change in frequency of HIV counseling and testing [ Time Frame: Baseline through 18 months post-baseline ]Participation in HIV counseling and testing will be assessed using a standardized set of questionnaire items. Baseline questions will assess participants' lifetime history of voluntary HIV counseling and testing and identical questions will be re-administered at 6, 12 and 18 months post-baseline to assess whether youth received HIV counseling and testing at any point since the baseline interview.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01511380
|United States, South Carolina|
|Medical University of South Carolina|
|Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29401|