The Oscillation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Treated Early (OSCILLATE) Trial (OSCILLATE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01506401
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Enrolment halted by Steering Committee on advice from Data Monitoring Committee.)
First Posted : January 10, 2012
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2015
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
McMaster University
University of Toronto
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Canadian Critical Care Trials Group

Brief Summary:
What is the effect of early high frequency oscillation (HFO) versus a lung-protective conventional ventilation (CV) strategy (using HFO only as rescue therapy), on all-cause hospital mortality among patients with severe early acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)?

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Device: SensorMedics 3100B High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilator Procedure: Lung Protective Ventilation Phase 3

Detailed Description:
High frequency oscillation is theoretically ideal for lung protection. Based on a strong physiological rationale, rapidly expanding use internationally, and promising results in early small RCTS, a definitive RCT to establish the impact of HFO versus current conventional ventilation on mortality is needed. We have completed a pilot multicentre RCT in preparation for this trial, with goals of investigating patient recruitment, protocol acceptance, and crossover rates. The pilot study met all objectives including recruitment that exceeded expectations (94 patients), and very good adherence to protocol. Results of the multinational OSCILLATE Trial will establish the impact of HFO versus conventional ventilation on mortality rates among adults with severe ARDS.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 548 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Oscillation for ARDS Treated Early (OSCILLATE) Trial
Study Start Date : June 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Conventional Ventilation
Low tidal volumes, relatively high PEEP.
Procedure: Lung Protective Ventilation
Tidal Volume 6ml/kg; plateau pressure < or = 35cmH20; Prescribed PEEP/FiO2 chart

Experimental: High Frequency Oscillation
Open-lung strategy for high frequency oscillation.
Device: SensorMedics 3100B High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilator
High Frequency Oscillation

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. All-cause hospital mortality [ Time Frame: Randomised patients will be ventilated according to their assigned ventilation strategy for up to 60 days, until they die on the ventilator or are successfully (for >24 hours) liberated from mechanical ventilation. ]
    all-cause hospital mortality

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mortality at other time-points [ Time Frame: Duration of hospitalization (ICU discharge, 60 days) ]
    mortality at other time-points (ICU discharge, 60 days)

  2. Barotrauma [ Time Frame: ICU discharge or 60 days ]

  3. Organ Dysfunction [ Time Frame: Duration of hospitalization or 60 days ]
    Organ Dysfunction

  4. Duration of mechanical ventilation [ Time Frame: Duration of hospitalization or 60 days ]
    Duration of mechanical ventilation

  5. Duration of ICU & Hospital Stay [ Time Frame: Duration of hospitalization which may exceed 60 days ]
    Duration of ICU & Hospital Stay

  6. Quality of Life at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months post randomization ]
    Quality of Life at 6 months post randomization

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 85 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Acute onset of respiratory failure, with fewer than 2 weeks of new pulmonary symptoms;
  • Endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy;
  • Hypoxaemia - defined as a partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2)/fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) less than or equal to 200mmHg on FiO2 greater than or equal to 0.5, regardless of positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP)
  • Bilateral alveolar consolidation (airspace disease) seen on frontal chest radiograph

In addition, to qualify for randomization, patients are assessed on the following ventilator settings:

  • Mode: pressure control or volume control or pressure support
  • FiO2 greater than 0.6 (or higher if necessary to keep pulse oximetric saturation [SpO2] greater than 90%)
  • PEEP greater than 10 cm H2O (or greater if necessary to keep SpO2 greater than 90%)
  • Tidal volume 6 ml/kg predicted body weight (PBW)

After at least 30 minutes on these settings, we sample arterial blood to assess oxygenation. If PaO2 is less than or equal to 200 mmHg, the patient qualifies for randomization; if PaO2/FiO2 greater than 200 mmHg, standardized hypoxaemia assessments are repeated at least once daily for the following 72 hours (providing eligibility criteria are still met).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Remaining duration of mechanical ventilation less than 48 hours, as judged by the attending physician
  • Primary cause of acute respiratory failure judged by attending physician to be circulatory overload due to, for example, congestive heart failure, hyper-resuscitation, or need for dialysis
  • Suspected pulmonary haemorrhage syndrome
  • Lack of commitment to ongoing life support (note that this does not include the presence of a "Do Not Resuscitate" order alone, if there is a commitment to ongoing life support
  • Aged less than 16 years or greater than 85 years
  • Weight less than 35 kg
  • Severe chronic respiratory disease, as indicated by any of:
  • Baseline forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) less than 20 ml/kg predicted body weight
  • Pre-existing chronic interstitial lung disease with chronic interstitial infiltration on chest x-ray
  • Documented chronic carbon dioxide (CO2) retention (partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood [PaCO2] less than 50 mmHg) and/or chronic hypoxaemia(PaO2 less than 55 mmHg on FiO2=0.21)
  • Chronic restrictive, obstructive, neuromuscular, chest wall or pulmonary vascular disease resulting in severe exercise restriction (e.g., unable to climb stairs or perform household duties), secondary polycythaemia, severe pulmonary hypertension (mean pulmonary arterial pressure [PAP] greater than 40 mmHg), or ventilator dependency
  • Morbid obesity - defined as greater than 1 kg/cm body height
  • Underlying pre-existing condition with expected 6-month mortality greater than 50%
  • Neurological conditions with risk of intracranial hypertension (where hypercapnia should be avoided)
  • Neuromuscular disease that will result in prolonged need for mechanical ventilation, including (but not limited to):
  • Guillain Barre syndrome
  • Cervical spinal cord injury
  • Previous randomization in this trial
  • All inclusion criteria present for greater than 73 hours in study intensive care unit (ICU)
  • On HFO at the time of screening

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01506401

  Show 38 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Canadian Critical Care Trials Group
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
McMaster University
University of Toronto
Principal Investigator: Niall D Ferguson, MD, MSc University of Toronto
Principal Investigator: Maureen O Meade, MD, MSc McMaster University

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Canadian Critical Care Trials Group Identifier: NCT01506401     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MCT94829
ISRCTN87124254 ( Registry Identifier: ISRCTN )
First Posted: January 10, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 6, 2015
Last Verified: September 2012

Keywords provided by Canadian Critical Care Trials Group:
ventilator-induced lung injury
lung protective ventilation
high frequency oscillation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
Acute Lung Injury
Pathologic Processes
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Infant, Premature, Diseases
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Lung Injury