Investigating the Effects of Hyperoxia on Fractional Flow Reserve

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01499316
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2014 by Bayside Health.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 26, 2011
Last Update Posted : March 10, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bayside Health

Brief Summary:

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a condition which refers to the narrowing of the small blood vessels that supplies blood and oxygen to the heart. It is a common cause of chest-pain related symptoms and as a result of a 'heart attack'. In most cases, to assess the severity of the disease is to use coronary angiography, which is a medical imaging technique that uses contrast (a dye) and x-ray to show the blood-flow supply of the coronary arteries.

The optimal treatment for patients with symptomatic coronary disease is aggressive medical therapy. Current guidelines recommend patients with symptomatic CAD and severe disease on angiography undergo revascularisation therapy, which aims to restore blood flow to blocked arteries. This can be done by either percutaneous coronary intervention (feeding a small balloon or other device on a thin tube through blood vessels to the point of blockage and then inflate the balloon to open the artery), or coronary artery bypass grafting (open-heart surgery)2.

For many symptomatic patients who have only moderate disease on angiography, further functional testing is required to assess the extent of the blockage. This can be achieved by placing a pressure wire to the artery of interest, to determine the likelihood that the blockage impedes oxygen delivery to the heart muscle, known as the Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR)3. FFR is commonly performed at the Alfred hospital in the assessment of such patients. During an FFR procedure, further information regarding the health of the small arteries of the heart can be obtained with the calculation of the index of micro-vascular resistance (IMR),

Giving oxygen to patients with CAD is a common clinical practice, especially to all patients in the catheterisation laboratory whose had a 'heart attack' and often administered concurrently with light sedation during elective procedures.

Recently, however, the safety of routine supplemental oxygen in patients with CAD has been questioned5. A research study analysed the outcomes of three small randomised studies on oxygen in patients who experienced a 'heart attack', while suggestive of harm, the findings of the study remain inconclusive.

There may also be deleterious effects of supplemental oxygen, on more stable patients with CAD, who are not experiencing a 'heart attack'. Supplemental oxygen administered in the catheterisation laboratory to patients with stable CAD, has been shown to significantly reduce coronary artery blood flow and increase its resistance6-8. It has also been shown to reduce cardiac output and effect the relaxation phase of the heart cycle. Based on this data it is hypothesised that supplemental oxygen may affect FFR in patients with moderate CAD. The investigators therefore propose to undertake a study of the effects of supplemental oxygen on FFR in patients with moderate CAD.

The patients enrolled into the study will be scheduled for an elective normal contrast diagnostic or interventional procedure as part of their clinically-indicated care. Once a moderate blockage of the artery has been identified, FFR and IMR will be measured. During the first phase of the FFR study, the patient will breathe room air and have a blood test to measure their oxygen level (blood gas). There is a 3 minute washout period, followed by the second phase, whereby the patient will be given 100% oxygen for 10 minutes and have another blood gas measured.

The study will be conducted at Alfred Hospital with a total enrollment of 18 subjects. The estimated time to complete enrollment is 6-10 months.

Data collected on each patient will include demographics, medical history, vital signs (heart rate, blood pressure, height, and weight), usage of cardiovascular medications, pathology results and procedural records. Any adverse events or serious adverse events related to the study procedure will also be recorded.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Coronary Artery Disease Procedure: High Flow oxygen Procedure: Room Air Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Investigating the Effects of Hyperoxia on Fractional Flow Reserve in Patients With Moderate Coronary Artery Disease
Study Start Date : March 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: High Flow oxygen
10 minute of 10/L min of inhaled oxygen with reservoir bag.
Procedure: High Flow oxygen
10 minute shigh flow oxygen

Experimental: Room Air Procedure: Room Air
Room air breathing

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fractional flow reserve [ Time Frame: Duration of inpatient stay 2-3 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. index of micro-vascular resistance [ Time Frame: Duration of inpatient stay 2-3 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults ≥ 18 years of age, AND
  • Undergoing elective coronary angiography
  • Evidence of moderate (40%-79%) stenosis, requiring further routine assessment with FFR.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Hypoxia with oxygen saturation measured on pulse oximeter < 94% with the patient breathing air
  • Altered conscious state
  • Evidence of left ventricular failure or cardiogenic shock
  • Unable to perform consent prior to procedure
  • Known hypersensitivity to adenosine
  • Sick sinus syndrome, second or third degree atrioventricular (A-V) block (except in patients with a functioning artificial pacemaker).
  • Chronic Obstructive lung disease COPD or asthma
  • Long QT syndrome
  • Severe hypotension
  • Concomitant use of dipyridamole

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01499316

Australia, Victoria
Alfred Hospital Not yet recruiting
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3004
Principal Investigator: David M Kaye, MBBS PhD         
Sub-Investigator: James Shaw, MBBS Phd         
Sub-Investigator: Stephen Duffy, MBBS PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Dion Stub, MBBS         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bayside Health

Responsible Party: Bayside Health Identifier: NCT01499316     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 426/11
First Posted: December 26, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 10, 2014
Last Verified: March 2014

Keywords provided by Bayside Health:
Coronary artery disease
Fractional flow reserve

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms