Vaccination Against MSI Colorectal Cancer
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01461148|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 27, 2011
Last Update Posted : June 23, 2015
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Colorectal Cancer||Biological: FSP peptides||Phase 1 Phase 2|
The present study is initiated to evaluate vaccination with MSI-specific FSPs in patients with MSI-H colorectal cancer. Specifically, the present study aims at the following questions:
- Evaluation of potential toxicity of the FSP AIM2(-1), HT001(-1), TAF1B(-1)
- Evaluation of the immune response in patients with advanced MSI-H colorectal cancer before vaccination and after vaccination with the FSP AIM2(-1), HT001(-1), TAF1B(-1)
In this context, the present study shall demonstrate whether application of FSP in a vaccination approach is associated with the induction of peptide-related toxicity. Hence, the study marks the first step towards the application of FSP in humans, as it provides information on the safety of FSP as vaccination agents for the first time. Moreover, the study shall provide initial information, whether vaccination with FSP can induce FSP-specific immune responses in patients with MSI-H colorectal cancer. Thus, it shall provide information, whether FSPs AIM2(-1), HT001(-1), and TAF1B(-1) have the potential to elicit peptide-specific immune responses and therefore represent suitable targets for the induction of tumor antigen-specific immune responses in patients with MSI-H tumors.
The present study marks an important milestone towards a potential application of MSI-specific FSP as therapeutic agents in the management of patients with MSI-H tumors, particularly patients with MSI-H colorectal cancer. Long-term goal of this approach is to develop novel tools for (1) the palliative and/or adjuvant therapy of patients with advanced MSI-H colorectal cancer and (2) the preventive application of FSPs in mutation carriers of the HNPCC/Lynch syndrome.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||22 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase I/IIa Study of Immunization With Frameshift Peptides Administered With Montanide® ISA-51 VG in Patients With Advanced MSI-H Colorectal Cancer|
|Study Start Date :||August 2011|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 2015|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 2015|
Experimental: FSP peptides
Vaccination with three FSP peptides
Biological: FSP peptides
100 ug of each FSP (TAF1B(-1), HT001(-1) and AIM2(-1), weekly for 4 consecutive weeks and repeated every four weeks up to a total of 3 cycles.
- immune response against FSP peptides [ Time Frame: every two weeks ]A positive immune response is defined as positive delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response against at least one of the peptides or a humoral (ELISA for the detection of FSP-specific IgG/IgM/IgA) and/or CD8 and/or CD4 cellular (IFN gamma ELISpot for the detection of FSP-specific T cells) immune response exceeding the assay specific cut-off values for a positive response against at least one of the three peptides
- Tumor response [ Time Frame: every 8 weeks ]Tumor response is assessed by CT or MRI scans according to RECIST.
- safety [ Time Frame: up to 8 months ]Safety as assessed by number and severity of adverse events categorized according to CTC criteria v4.0 and the probability of the induction of immune tolerance. Immune tolerance is defined as significant and sustained decline of antigen-specific cellular immune responses after vaccination compared to the antigen-specific cellular immune response measured before vaccination , as assessed by Interferon-gamma (IFN-g) ELISpot using assay-specific cut-off values.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
Phase I part inclusion criteria (inclusion criteria for phase IIa part will be defined later using a study amendment):
- Histologically confirmed, surgically resected colorectal cancer of advanced stage (UICC stage III/UICC stage IV). This comprises patients with lymph node metastases (UICC stage III), metastasis to one distant organ (UICC IV, M1a), to more than one distant organ, or patients with peritoneal carcinosis (UICC IV, M1b)
- Detection of high level microsatellite instability (MSI-H) in the resected tumor sample according to the international consensus criteria (multiplex PCR of quasi-monomorphic microsatellite markers BAT25, BAT26, CAT25), see Appendix 1.
- Prior adjuvant standard therapy (chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil/folinic acid, oxaliplatin, irinotecan or combinations of these) OR Prior palliative standard therapy in the first, second and third line (chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, irinotecan or combinations of these and/or treatment with anti-EGFR antibodies cetuximab or panitumumab alone or in combination with chemotherapy) with either complete or partial remission, stable disease, or disease progression under therapy; OR Patient has refused adjuvant or palliative standard therapy (chemotherapy using 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, or regimens combining these).
- Expected survival of at least six months.
- Full recovery from surgery or radiation therapy
- ECOG performance status 0, 1 or 2.
- The following laboratory results:
- Neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
- Lymphocyte count ≥ 0.5 x 109/L
- Platelet count ≥ 100 x 109/L
- Serum bilirubin < 2mg/dL
- Male or female patients ≥ 18 years old
- Last therapy discontinued at least 4 weeks prior to vaccination.
- Patient´s written informed consent for participation in the trial
- Prior treatment with FSPs AIM2(-1), HT001(-1) and TAF1B(-1)
- Clinically significant heart disease (NYHA Class IV).
- Other serious illnesses, eg, serious infections requiring antibiotics or bleeding disorders.
- History of immunodeficiency disease or autoimmune disease.
- Metastatic disease to the central nervous system for which other therapeutic options, including radiotherapy, may be available.
- HBV, HCV or HIV positivity.
- Chemotherapy, any type of radiation therapy, or immunotherapy within 4 weeks before study entry
- Concomitant treatment with steroids, antihistaminic drugs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (unless used in low doses for prevention of an acute cardiovascular event or for pain control). Topical or inhalational steroids are permitted.
- Participation in any other clinical trial
- Pregnancy or lactation.
- Women of childbearing potential who are not using a medically acceptable means of contraception.
- Psychiatric or addictive disorders that may compromise the ability to give informed consent.
- Lack of availability of a patient for immunological and clinical follow-up assessment.
- Brain metastases (symptomatic and non-symptomatic)
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01461148
|Frankfurt/Main, Germany, 60488|
|Principal Investigator:||Elke Jäger, Prof. Dr.||Krankenhaus Nordwest Frankfurt|
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
|Responsible Party:||Oryx GmbH & Co. KG|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||October 27, 2011 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||June 23, 2015|
|Last Verified:||June 2015|
UICC stage III/IV MSI-H colorectal cancer
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases