Paclitaxel-Coated Versus Uncoated Balloon for Treatment of Below-the-Knee In-Stent-Restenosis (BAIR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01398033
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Study stopped due to lack of patient inclusion)
First Posted : July 20, 2011
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2015
Heart Center Bad Krozingen
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aljoscha Rastan, Herz-Zentrums Bad Krozingen

Brief Summary:

There is both a poor life expectancy and a poor prognosis of limb salvage in those patience with stenoses or occlusions of the lower limb. To date only a small number of these patients could be helped through medication or surgery. The indications for stent placement are poor primary results following percutaneous transluminal angioplasty or evidence of a flow-limiting dissection. The primary success rate after a stent placement is between 80% and 90%. One so far inconsistent discussed problem is the occurrence of in-stent restenosis which is expected in 20% to 78% of treated lesions, depending on the stent used. Using only percutaneous transluminal angioplasty for treatment of an in-stent restenosis, restenosis reoccurs in 70% to 80% of cases.

The aim of this study is to analyse the primary success and the long term results of angioplasty using the drug-coated balloon (paclitaxel) compared to an non-coated balloon in the treatment of in-stent restenosis of lower limb arteries.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
In-stent Stenosis of Infrapopliteal Arteries Device: paclitaxel-coated balloon Device: non-coated balloon Phase 3

Detailed Description:

In this prospective, double-blind, randomised, multi-centre study the use of the already certified coated balloon and an uncoated balloon is evaluated in patients with in-stent restenoses/reocclusions of the lower limb artery. The whole lesion length should be covered by the balloon so that proximal and distal overlap of the lesion by a minimum of 5mm is assured. Based on the current literature the average restenoses rate of the lower limb arteries after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of an in-stent restenosis is 70% after 6 months. Assuming the restenosis rate reduces to 30% after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty using a drug-coated balloon, with a significance level of Alpha=0.05 (bilateral) and a power Beta=0.8, the enrolment of 100 patients is required in order to show a significant difference between treatment groups, considering a dropout rate of 30%. The choice of treatment will be distributed in a randomised, double blind procedure.

The study duration per patient is 2 years. Clinical follow-up evaluations will take place after 3 and 6 months and after 1 and 2 years. After 3 month and 12 months an angiography of the target vessel will be performed.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Paclitaxel-Coated Versus Uncoated Balloon for Treatment of Below-the-Knee In-Stent-Restenosis
Study Start Date : April 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Paclitaxel

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Drug-coated balloon
  1. pre-dilatation of the target lesion with a non-coated balloon.
  2. treatment of the target lesion with the paclitaxel-coated balloon
Device: paclitaxel-coated balloon
Balloon is coated with paclitaxel in a concentration of 3µg/mm2.

Placebo Comparator: non-coated balloon
Treatment of the target lesion with plain balloon angioplasty.
Device: non-coated balloon
percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with a non-coated balloon

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. primary patency of target lesion assessed by quantitative angiography [ Time Frame: 3 months after index procedure ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Secondary patency of the target lesion assessed by quantitative angiography [ Time Frame: 12 months after index procedure ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age over 50 years
  • Signed declaration of consent
  • Subject is willing and able to participate in all the planned evaluations of the study protocol
  • Arterial occlusion disease stage 3 - 6 Rutherford-Becker
  • Subject with an in-stent stenosis over 70% of the vascular lumen diameter of the tibioperoneal trunc and/or the posterior tibial artery and/or of the anterior tibial artery and/or peroneal artery. Here vascular segments, which are affected continuous (including stent), proximal or distal of the stent by a relevant (re)stenosis, are treated according to randomisation
  • The length of the target lesion(s) should not exceed 290mm
  • In total four drug-coated balloons are enough to treat a maximum of two lesions
  • The target lesion's lumen diameter is between 2.0mm and 3.5mm
  • Successful passage of the wire to the target lesion before randomisation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Coagulopathy
  • Pregnancy
  • Contraindications for antiplatelet or heparin
  • Factors which exclude a follow up
  • Life expectancy <12 months
  • Known allergies to contrast agents and/or Clopidogrel and/or Aspirin
  • >50% stenosis distal of the target lesion
  • Visible thrombus in the target lesion
  • Lytic therapy 72 hours before the planned intervention
  • Aneurysm of the femoral or popliteal artery
  • Intervention of focal lesions of the femoral or popliteal artery may be carried out before treatment of the target lesion in order to enhance the inflow in the lower limb

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01398033

Herzzentrum Bad Krozingen
Bad Krozingen, Germany, 79219
Sponsors and Collaborators
Herz-Zentrums Bad Krozingen
Heart Center Bad Krozingen
Principal Investigator: Aljoscha Rastan, M.D. Herzzentrum Bad Krozingen

Responsible Party: Aljoscha Rastan, MD, Herz-Zentrums Bad Krozingen Identifier: NCT01398033     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: FW-014-1
First Posted: July 20, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 5, 2015
Last Verified: August 2015

Keywords provided by Aljoscha Rastan, Herz-Zentrums Bad Krozingen:
infrapopliteal arteries
In-stent stenosis
long lesions
drug-coated balloon

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action